A programmed schedule of oocyte retrieval using mild ovarian stimulation (clomiphene citrate and recombinant follicle-stimulating hormone)
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The purpose was to establish a mild ovarian stimulation protocol that would help assisted reproductive technology (ART) units to avoid scheduling on weekends.
This protocol directed patients to take 50 mg/day of clomiphene citrate between days 3 and 7 of the menstrual cycle: 225 IU of recombinant follicle-stimulating hormone (rec-FSH) were administered on days 3, 5 and 7; human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) was administered on day 9; and, oocyte pick-up (OPU) was planned for day 11. From October 2008 through October 2009, 514 women underwent ART treatment with mild stimulation at the Sugiyama Clinic, and we evaluated whether OPU was accomplished on the planned day.
Of all the treatment cycles, 419 (81.5%) underwent OPU on day 11 (scheduled group). Additional rec-FSH administration was needed in 83 cycles, in which case OPU was performed on day 12 or later. In 12 cycles, OPU was canceled. The unscheduled group (n = 95) consisted of delayed OPU cycles and canceled cycles. Of all treatment cycles, 332 cycles in the scheduled group and 68 cycles in the unscheduled group underwent embryo transfer, with 81 and 16, respectively, resulting in pregnancies.
Using this protocol, OPU was performed on the scheduled day in about 80% of the cycles. Most weekend scheduling of OPU can be avoided using this mild stimulation.
KeywordsART Clomiphen citrate Mild stimulation Recombinant-FSH Scheduled OPU
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