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Lithic technology at the Early Dabban in Hagfet ed Dabba (Cyrenaica, Libya)

Abstract

The Early Dabban industry was discovered in the Cyrenaica region (Northeast of Libya), considered to be representative of the early stages of the Later Stone Age in this region. This industry was defined based on the lithic assemblages recovered from Hagfet ed Dabba and the nearby Haua Fteah site. We studied the lithic material from Level VI of the Hagfet ed Dabba site, which was excavated by Prof. McBurney in 1949. The aim of the lithic production was to obtain blade/bladelets through bidirectional and unidirectional prismatic methods. Blanks are of two types: wide, non-curved and straight blade/bladelets and narrow and pointed blades/bladelets. The blanks were modified mostly into backed pieces/points and Chamfered pieces. We discuss the role and possible contacts of the Dabban in understanding the Later Stone Age in northern Africa and the Initial Upper Palaeolithic and Upper Palaeolithic in the Near East. Following the technological analysis of Level VI, we consider the Early Dabban as representing an independent and local industry of the Early Later Stone Age with possible influences from the Levantine IUP and Ahmarian industries. Nevertheless, there is no evidence of direct affiliation with any of them, and the industry indeed portrays its own specific characteristics.

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Acknowledgements

This study was carried out with the help of the Banco de Santander-UNED Young Researchers Program of 2008. We want to thank the staff of the Museum of Archeology and Anthropology of Cambridge, whose staff provided us with all the facilities to study the collection. We want to thank Manuel Domínguez-Rodrigo, TOPPP team and especially to Anna Belfer-Cohen for their help in the correct interpretation of various aspects of this work. We thank the two anonymous reviewers for their suggestions and comments on the manuscript. Of course, all errors are of the authors.

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Maíllo-Fernández, JM., Jiménez-García, B. Lithic technology at the Early Dabban in Hagfet ed Dabba (Cyrenaica, Libya). Archaeol Anthropol Sci 13, 119 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12520-021-01364-7

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Keywords

  • Dabban
  • Later stone age
  • Lithic technology
  • Libya
  • Cyrenaica