Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences

, Volume 11, Issue 9, pp 4397–4421 | Cite as

Explaining links from the past: material distribution in Charco Hondo 2 Acheulian archeological site (Madrid, Spain)

  • Javier Baena PreyslerEmail author
  • Concepción Torres Navas
Original Paper


The study of the lithic assemblage from Charco Hondo 2 (Madrid, Spain) indicates the existence of intense activities related to the quarrying of Miocene flint outcrops, within a drainage context inside the interfluvial plateau of the Manzanares and Jarama rivers (Madrid region). This lithic production was oriented to produce the first stages of large flake bifacial shaping, with an important collection of refitted materials of the Lower/Middle Paleolithic. The sedimentological circumstances and the presence of refitted items initially suggest the existence of good preservation conditions for an open-air site. In this contribution, we present a brief analysis of the geoarchaeological sequence with special attention to depositional and post-depositional processes, in order to determine the extent to which tool distribution and the lithic refitting connections were the consequence of human activity or, on the contrary, the combination of different human and natural agents. This site provides us with a good example to discuss the relevance and significance of particular refitted distributions in open-air quarrying contexts.


Lithic refits Acheulian Mousterian Sedimentary processes Quarries 



We want to thank Dra. Francesca Romagnoli and Dr. Manuel Vaquero for their kind invitation to the workshop “The Big Puzzle 30 Years After: a Multidisciplinary, Shared, Paleolithic Perspective,” kindly supported by the Wenner-Gren Foundation Ref: Gr CONF-737. This work was also carried out as part of the research project HAR2016-76760-C3-2-P “¿COMO, QUIEN Y DONDE?: VARIABILIDAD DE COMPORTAMIENTOS EN LA CAPTACION Y TRANSFORMACION DE LOS RECURSOS LITICOS DENTRO DE GRUPOS NEANDERTALES 2” financed by Agencia Estatal de Investigación (AEI) and Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional (FEDER). We would also like to thank the help and support of Miguel Fernández from Virtua Nostrum Company and the Dirección General de Patrimonio of the Community of Madrid, Los Ahijones archeological team, the Compensation Board of Los Ahijones (Vicálvaro-Madrid), and ARGEA SL Company. We should like to extend our special thanks to Jorge Vega and Sergio Bárez for their helpful contribution in the fieldworks.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Javier Baena Preysler
    • 1
    Email author
  • Concepción Torres Navas
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Prehistory and ArchaeologyUniversity Autónoma of MadridMadridSpain

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