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Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences

, Volume 10, Issue 7, pp 1571–1583 | Cite as

Archeometric characterization of prehistoric grindstones from Milazzo Bronze Age settlement (Sicily, Italy)

  • Marcella Di BellaEmail author
  • Francesco Italiano
  • Maria Clara Martinelli
  • Paolo Mazzoleni
  • Simona Quartieri
  • Gabriella Tigano
  • Alessandro Tripodo
  • Giuseppe Sabatino
Original Paper

Abstract

The results of a petrographic and geochemical study carried out on archeological grindstones allow to provide new constraints on protohistoric commercial exchanges over the Mediterranean area. Eleven grindstones, discovered in an archeological site located in Milazzo (Messina, Sicily) and dated from the Early Bronze Age, have been investigated by geochemical and petrographic techniques. The raw materials are mainly volcanic rocks characterized by calc-alkaline and K-alkaline affinities with volcanic arc geochemical signature. Only one sample, made of basalt belonging to the Na-alkaline series, shows an intraplate signature. The comparison with the available literature data for similar rocks allowed constraining the volcanic origin of the exploited lavas. While the intraplate-type raw material came from Mt. Etna Volcano (Sicily), the arc-type volcanic rocks are mostly trachyandesites, basaltic andesites, and one rhyolite. Although most of them come from the Aeolian Arc, a provenance of some samples from the Aegean Arc cannot be excluded. This last region could represent the most probable provenance area for the rhyolite sample.

Keywords

Archeometry Early Bronze Age Grinding tools Volcanic rock SEM-EDS XRF 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank Simona Bigi (XRF Laboratory of the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia) for the chemical analyses of the major elements.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marcella Di Bella
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Francesco Italiano
    • 2
  • Maria Clara Martinelli
    • 3
  • Paolo Mazzoleni
    • 4
  • Simona Quartieri
    • 1
  • Gabriella Tigano
    • 5
  • Alessandro Tripodo
    • 1
  • Giuseppe Sabatino
    • 1
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Scienze Matematiche e Informatiche, Scienze Fisiche e Scienze della TerraUniversità degli Studi di MessinaSant’AgataItaly
  2. 2.Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e VulcanologiaPalermoItaly
  3. 3.Museo Archeologico Regionale Eoliano “Luigi Bernabò Brea”Aeolian IslandsItaly
  4. 4.Dipartimento di ScienzeBiologiche, Geologiche e AmbientaliCataniaItaly
  5. 5.Unità Operativa Beni ArcheologiciSoprintendenza Beni Culturali ed AmbientaliMessinaItaly

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