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Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences

, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp 75–81 | Cite as

Evidence of contact between New and Old World: paleoparasitological and food remains study in the Tagus river population of Sarilhos Grandes (Montijo, Portugal)

  • Luciana SiantoEmail author
  • Sérgio Augusto de Miranda Chaves
  • Isabel Teixeira-Santos
  • Paula Alves Pereira
  • Ricardo Miguel Godinho
  • David Gonçalves
  • Ana Luísa Santos
Original Paper

Abstract

The period of European maritime expansion that started in the fifteenth century had a great impact on trading, on human migrations and consequently in the dispersion of infectious diseases. Portugal was at the core of this expansion; however, studies about parasitic infections, especially helminths, are lacking. This study aims to help reduce this gap presenting the results of microscopic analysis of soil sediments collected from the São Jorge churchyard of Sarilhos Grandes (Montijo). Consecrated in the fourteenth century AD, it remained as a burial ground until the nineteenth century. Soil samples collected from the pelvic girdle of five adult individuals and samples taken as control were analysed under the microscope after current conventional methodological procedures were undertaken. Eggs from Ascaris lumbricoides were identified. Also eggs of trichostrongyle type species were identified in two individuals and may represent the first report in archaeological European samples. Food remains include potato and rice starches, muscle fibres, bivalves, pollen grains and fungi spores. The stratigraphy interpretation together with potato findings put the oldest skeletons to a chronology around the sixteenth century AD. These results are consistent with historical sources that documented the prominence of Tagus river nearby villages in maritime expansion.

Keywords

Paleodiet Helminths Paleoparasitology Paleopathology Potato Infectious diseases 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank João Costa from the Instituto de Estudos Medievais. The research is funded by CNPq post-doctoral fellowship process 201416/2014-0, and the Research Centre for Anthropology and Health—UID/ANT/00283/2013—FCT.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luciana Sianto
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Sérgio Augusto de Miranda Chaves
    • 1
  • Isabel Teixeira-Santos
    • 1
  • Paula Alves Pereira
  • Ricardo Miguel Godinho
    • 2
    • 3
  • David Gonçalves
    • 2
    • 4
    • 5
  • Ana Luísa Santos
    • 2
  1. 1.National School of Public HealthOswaldo Cruz FoundationRio de JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Life Sciences and CIAS–Research Centre for Anthropology and HealthUniversity of CoimbraCoimbraPortugal
  3. 3.Hull York Medical School and Department de ArchaeologyUniversity of YorkYorkUK
  4. 4.Department of Life Sciences, Laboratory of Forensic AnthropologyUniversity of CoimbraCoimbraPortugal
  5. 5.Archaeosciences Laboratory, Directorate General for Cultural Heritage and LARC/CIBIO/InBIOLisbonPortugal

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