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Timing constraints on alkaline magmatic activity and implications for lithospheric thinning beneath the North China Craton: evidence from zircon geochronology of syenite from the Huyanshan complex in the Lyuliangshan uplift belt, Shanxi Province

Abstract

The Huyanshan alkaline complex is distributed in the Huyanshan area of Jiaocheng County, Shanxi province, China. The syenite, representing the last stage of episodic magmatism in the central North China Craton (NCC), can be used to refine the age of this alkaline complex. LA-ICP-MS zircon U–Pb dating was conducted on the syenite and three populations of zircons with three different ages were obtained: ~ 127 Ma, ~ 1.8 Ga, and ~ 1.92 Ga. The last intrusive syenite yields a weighted mean 206Pb/238U age of 127.5 ± 3.4 Ma (n = 3, MSWD = 0.44), implying an Early Cretaceous age, which corresponds to the peak time of magmatic activity and lithospheric thinning in the NCC. The syenite formed in an intraplate extensional setting probably associated with the retreat of the subducting Paleo-Pacific plate. The zircons with an age of ~ 1.92 Ga are the products of important tectono-magmatic and thermal events in the Precambrian, corresponding to the collision between the Yinshan and Ordos Blocks to form the Western Block of the NCC. The age of ~ 1.8 Ga records continental rift-related magmatic events under an extensional regime after the suture of the Western Block and the Eastern Block to form the coherent basement of the NCC.

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Acknowledgements

We thank Zeguang Chang and Tian Nie for zircon separating and sample collecting. Our deepest gratitude goes to the anonymous reviewers for their careful work and thoughtful suggestions that have substantially helped to improve this paper.

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This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC No. 41802191).

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Liu, Y., Zou, G., Zhou, R. et al. Timing constraints on alkaline magmatic activity and implications for lithospheric thinning beneath the North China Craton: evidence from zircon geochronology of syenite from the Huyanshan complex in the Lyuliangshan uplift belt, Shanxi Province. Arab J Geosci 15, 623 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-022-09916-4

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  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-022-09916-4

Keywords

  • Central North China Craton
  • Huyanshan alkaline complex
  • Geochronology
  • Magmatism
  • Early Cretaceous