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Spatiotemporal analysis of temperature data trends in Peninsular Malaysia

Abstract

Trend analysis is a most common approach in the hydrological analysis to analyse the characteristics of hydrological data which includes rainfall data, dry spells and stream flow process. In Peninsular Malaysia, floods occur frequently over the east coast region during the monsoon seasons. The Man-Kendall (MK) test and Sen’s slope method were used to analyse the trends of mean maximum temperature in Peninsular Malaysia during the southeast monsoon, northeast monsoon, inter-monsoon period 1 and inter-monsoon period 2, over the monthly and annual time scales. The Kwiatkowski-Phillips-Schmidt-Shin (KPSS) test was used to test the stationarity of the time series. The historical monthly mean maximum temperature data series at ten stations, for the period of 1988 to 2017, were used. The results showed increasing and decreasing trends over the monthly and annual mean maximum temperature series caused by monsoon seasons and the topography of the study area. It was found that at the southern region, specifically at the Kluang station, had been subjected to high magnitude of increasing temperature trends as the region is shielded from heavy rainfall and strong winds. The northern and east coast regions experienced decreasing trends due to the northeast monsoon that brings heavy rainfall and decrement of temperature. Besides that, the monthly and annual temperature series at the Cameron Highland station and the Kluang station were found to be non-stationary. The outcomes from this study are useful to project temperature trends for climate change and risk assessments.

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Acknowledgements

The authors are appreciative of and thankful to the Malaysian Meteorological Department (MMD) for providing the daily rainfall data.

Funding

The authors received financial support from UCSI University through Pioneer Scientist Incentive Fund (PSIF) with project code Proj-2019-In-FETBE-065.

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Corresponding author

Correspondence to Jing Lin Ng.

Additional information

Responsible editor: Zhihua Zhang

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The authors declare no competing interests.

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Woo, H.V., Ng, J.L., Huang, Y.F. et al. Spatiotemporal analysis of temperature data trends in Peninsular Malaysia. Arab J Geosci 14, 1641 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-021-07909-3

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-021-07909-3

Keywords

  • Trend analysis
  • Mean maximum temperature
  • Mann-Kendall test
  • Sen’s slope estimator
  • Stationarity test