Aldamegh KS, Elenean KA, Hussein HM, Rodgers AJ (2009) Source mechanisms of the June 2004 Tabuk earthquake sequence, eastern Red Sea margin, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. J Seismol 13(4):561–576
Allmendinger, Richard W, Reilinger R, Loveless J (2007) Strain and rotation rate from GPS in Tibet, Anatolia, and the Altiplano. Tectonics 26(3)
Altamimi Z, Rebischung P, Métivier L, Collilieux X (2016) ITRF2014: a new release of the International Terrestrial Reference Frame modeling nonlinear station motions. J Geophys Res Solid Earth 121(8):6109–6131
ArRajehi A, McClusky S, Reilinger R, Daoud M, Alchalbi A, Ergintav S, Gomez F et al (2010) Geodetic constraints on present-day motion of the Arabian Plate: implications for Red Sea and Gulf of Aden rifting. Tectonics 29(3)
Baldi P, Casula G, Cenni N, Loddo F, Pesci A (2009) GPS-based monitoring of land subsidence in the Po Plain (Northern Italy). Earth Planet Sci Lett 288(1-2):204–212
Bassiri, Sassan, and Hajj G (1993) Higher-order ionospheric effects on the GPS observables and means of modeling them
Bennett RA, Hreinsdóttir S, Velasco MS, Fay NP (2007) GPS constraints on vertical crustal motion in the northern Basin and Range. J Geophys Res Solid Earth 34. https://doi.org/10.1029/2007GL031515
Bertiger W, Desai SD, Dorsey A, Haines BJ, Harvey N, Kuang D, Sibthorpe A, Weiss JP (2010) Sub-centimeter precision orbit determination with GPS for ocean altimetry. Mar Geod 33(S1):363–378
Blewitt G, Hammond WC, Kreemer C (2018) Harnessing the GPS data explosion for interdisciplinary science. Eos 99:1–2
Bos, Machiel, Rui Fernandes, and Luıisa Bastos (2013) Hector user manual version 1.6.
Bosworth W, Huchon P, McClay K (2005) The red sea and Gulf of Aden basins. J Afr Earth Sci 43(1):334–378
Bosworth W, Stockli DF (2016) Early magmatism in the greater Red Sea rift: timing and significance. Can J Earth Sci 1176(April):1–19. https://doi.org/10.1139/cjes-2016-0019
Camp VE, Hooper PR, Roobol MJ, White DL (1987) The Madinah eruption, Saudi Arabia: magma mixing and simultaneous extrusion of three basaltic chemical types. Bull Volcanol 49(2):489–508
Christensen NI, Mooney WD (1995) Seismic velocity structure and composition of the continental crust: a global view. J Geophys Res Solid Earth 100(B6):9761–9788
Dixon TH, Mao A, Stein S (1996) How rigid is the stable interior of the North American plate? Geophys Res Lett 23(21):3035–3038
Downs DT, Stelten ME, Champion DE, Dietterich HR, Nawab Z, Zahran H, Hassan K, Shawali J (2018) Volcanic history of the northernmost part of the Harrat Rahat volcanic field, Saudi Arabia. Geosphere 14(3):1253–1282
Gordon RG (1998) The plate tectonic approximation: Plate nonrigidity, diffuse plate boundaries, and global plate reconstructions. Annu Rev Earth Planet Sci 26(1):615–642
Hackl M, Malservisi R, Hugentobler U, Wonnacott R (2011) Estimation of velocity uncertainties from GPS time series: examples from the analysis of the South African TrigNet network. J Geophys Res Solid Earth 116(B11)
Hackl M, Malservisi R, Hugentobler U, Jiang Y (2013) Velocity covariance in the presence of anisotropic time correlated noise and transient events in GPS time series. J Geodyn 72:36–45
Hackl M, Malservisi R, Wdowinski S (2009) Strain rate patterns from dense GPS networks. Nat Hazards Earth Syst Sci 9(4):1177–1187
Johnson PR (1998). Tectonic map of Saudi Arabia and adjacent areas. Deputy Ministry for Mineral Resources Technical Report USGS-TR-98-3 (IR 948).
Kahle H-G, Cocard M, Peter Y, Geiger A, Reilinger R, Barka A, Veis G (2000) GPS-derived strain rate field within the boundary zones of the Eurasian, African, and Arabian Plates. J Geophys Res Solid Earth 105(B10):23353–23370
Kedar O (2003) Policy balancing in comparative context: institutional mediation of voter behavior. Harvard University, PhD diss.
Kogan, Lewis, Shimelles Fisseha, R. Bendick, Robert Reilinger, Simon McClusky, R. King, and T. Solomon (2012) Lithospheric strength and strain localization in continental extension from observations of the East African Rift. J Geophys Res Solid Earth 117, no. B3
Kreemer C, Haines J, Holt WE, Blewitt G, Lavallee D (2000) On the determination of a global strain rate model. Earth, Planets and Space 52(10):765–770
Malservisi R, Hugentobler U, Wonnacott R, Hackl M (2013) How rigid is a rigid plate? Geodetic constraint from the TrigNet CGPS network, South Africa. Geophys J Int 192(3):918–928
McClusky S, Reilinger R, Ogubazghi G, Amleson A, Healeb B, Vernant P, Sholan J et al (2010) Kinematics of the southern Red Sea–Afar Triple Junction and implications for plate dynamics. Geophys Res Lett 37(5)
Njoroge, Mary, Rocco Malservisi, Denis Voytenko, and Matthias Hackl (2015) Is Nubia plate rigid? A geodetic study of the relative motion of different cratonic areas within Africa. In REFAG 2014, pp. 171-180. Springer, Cham
Omar GI, Steckler MS (1995) Fission track evidence on the initial rifting of the Red Sea: two pulses, no propagation. Science 270(5240):1341–1344
Pallister JS, McCausland WA, Jónsson S, Lu Z, Zahran HM, El Hadidy S, Aburukbah A (2010) Broad accommodation of rift-related extension recorded by dike intrusion in Saudi Arabia. Nat Geosci 3(10):705
Sandwell DT, Wessel P (2016) Interpolation of 2-D vector data using constraints from elasticity. Geophys Res Lett 43(20)
Spakman W, Nyst MCJ (2002) Inversion of relative motion data for estimates of the velocity gradient field and fault slip. Earth Planet Sci Lett 203(1):577–591
Stamps DS, Saria E, Kreemer C (2018) A geodetic strain rate model for the East African Rift System. Sci Rep 8(1):1–8
Stern RJ, Johnson P (2010) Continental lithosphere of the Arabian Plate: a geologic, petrologic, and geophysical synthesis. Earth Sci Rev 101(1–2):29–67. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2010.01.002
Tubbs, R. E., Fouda, H. G. A., Afifi, A. M., Raterman, N. S., Hughes, G. W., & Fadolalkarem, Y. K. (2014). Midyan Peninsula, northern Red Sea, Saudi Arabia: seismic imaging and regional interpretation, (3), 165–184.
Webb FH (1997) Introduction to GIPsy/oasIs-II. JPL D-11088.
Wessel P, Bercovici D (1998) Interpolation with splines in tension: a Green’s function approach. Math Geol 30(1):77–93
Wdowinski S, Sudman Y, Bock Y (2001) Geodetic detection of active faults in S. California Geophysical research letters 28(12):2321–2324
Zahran HM, Sokolov V, Roobol MJ, Stewart ICF, Youssef SE-H, El-Hadidy M (2016) On the development of a seismic source zonation model for seismic hazard assessment in western Saudi Arabia. J Seismol 20(3):747–769
Zumberge JF, Heflin MB, Jefferson DC, Watkins MM, Webb FH (1997) Precise point positioning for the efficient and robust analysis of GPS data from large networks. J Geophys Res Solid Earth 102(B3):5005–5017