Skip to main content
Log in

Estimation of Curie point depth in southwestern Yemen from spectral analysis of aeromagnetic data

  • Original Paper
  • Published:
Arabian Journal of Geosciences Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

Curie point depths in southwestern Yemen were determined from radially averaged power spectra of the reduced to the pole aeromagnetic data by the modified centroid method. The results show that shallow CPD zones occurred in the western and southeastern parts of the area associated mainly with Tertiary and Quaternary volcanic regions, respectively. The distribution of hot springs and hot groundwater wells through the area is correlated well with the mapped shallow zones and thermal gradient regions around them. On the other hand, the deepest CPD zone is attributed to a hot mantle upwelling underplating the crust beneath the volcanic plateau and crystalline basement margins in the middle part of the area. This spot forming the most probable source of magma for the Quaternary volcanic activity in the area. The observed geothermal activity at Al Lisi–Isbil, Damt, and Al Qafr fields is ascribed to the heat derived from shallow magmatic bodies, with temperature less than Curie temperature of magnetite, and also to the heat transferred from the underlain hot mantle spot through a net of deep faults affected this region.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • Abou-Deeb JM, Tarling DH, Abdeldayem AL (2002) Preliminary paleomagnetic- stratigraphy of the tertiary Yemen Volcanics. Geofis Int 41:37–47

    Google Scholar 

  • Ahmed A, Tiberi C, Leroy S, Stuart GW, Keir D, Sholan J, Khanbari K, Al-Ganad I, Basuyau C (2013) Crustal structure of the rifted volcanic margins and uplifted plateau of Western Yemen from receiver function analysis. Geophys J Int 193:1673–1690

    Google Scholar 

  • Al-Kohlani T, Al-Sabri A, Al Nethary M, Sharian A, Noman W, Sultan M, Aldukhain A (2015) Geothermal field, Ibb Governorate, Yemen. Proceedings World Geothermal Congress, Melbourne 14 p

    Google Scholar 

  • Alsinawi SA, Al Aydrus AA (1999) Seismicity of Yemen. Obadi Studies and Publishing Center. Republic of Yemen, Sana’a

    Google Scholar 

  • Aydin I, Karat HI, Kocak A (2005) Curie-point depth map of Turkey. Geophys J Int 162:633–640

    Google Scholar 

  • Bansal AR, Gabriel G, Dimri VP, Krawczyk CM (2011) Estimation of depth to the bottom of magnetic sources by a modified centroid method for fractal distribution of sources: an application to aeromagnetic data in Germany. Geophysics. https://doi.org/10.1190/1.3560017

  • Bansal AR, Dimri VP (2013) Modelling of magnetic data for scaling geology. Geophys Prospect 62:385–396

    Google Scholar 

  • Ben M, Javier F (2019) Constraining the geotherm beneath the British Isles from Bayesian inversion of Curie depth: integrated modelling of magnetic, geothermal and seismic data. Solid Earth 10:839–850

    Google Scholar 

  • Bilim F, Akay T, Aydemir A, Kosaroglu S (2016) Curie point depth, heat flow and radiogenic heat production deduced from the spectral analysis of the aeromagnetic data for geothermal investigation on the Menderes Massif and the Aegean Region, western Turkey. Geothermics 60:44–57

    Google Scholar 

  • Bilim F, Aydemir A, Ates A (2017) Tectonics and thermal structure in the Gulf of Iskenderun (Southern Turkey) from the aeromagnetic, borehole and seismic data. Geothermics 70:206–221

    Google Scholar 

  • Bilim F, Aydemir A, Kosaroglu S, Bektas O (2018) Effects of the Karacadag volcanic complex on the thermal structure and geothermal potential of Southeast Anatolia. Bull Volcanol 80:1–16. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00445-018-1228-y

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Blakely R (1995) Potential theory in gravity and magnetic applications. Cambridge Univ, Press 441p

    Google Scholar 

  • Blasband B, White S, Brooijmans P, De Boorder H, Visser W (2000) Late Proterozoic extensional collapse in the Arabian-Nubian shield. J Geol Soc 157:615–628

    Google Scholar 

  • Bosworth W, Huchon P, McClay K (2005) The red sea and gulf of Aden basins. J Afr Earth Sci 43:334–378

    Google Scholar 

  • Bouligand C, Glen JMG, Blakely RJ (2009) Mapping Curie temperature depth in the western United States with a fractal model for crustal magnetization. J Geophys Res. https://doi.org/10.1029/2009JB006494

  • Chang S, Lee SV (2011) Mantle plumes and associated flow beneath Arabia and East Africa. Earth Planet Sci Lett 302:448–454

    Google Scholar 

  • Chang S, Merino G, Lee SV, Stein S, Stein CA (2011) Mantle flow beneath Arabia offset from the opening Red Sea. Geophys Res Lett. https://doi.org/10.1029/2010GL045852

  • Chiesa S, La Volpe L, Lirer L, Orsi G (1983) Geological and structural outline of Yemen plateau, Yemen Arab Republic. Neue Jahrb Geol Palaont Monatsh 11:641–656

    Google Scholar 

  • Chiozzi P, Matsushima J, Okubo Y, Pasquale V, Verdoya M (2005) Curie-point depth from spectral analysis of magnetic data in central–southern Europe. Phys Earth Planet Inter 152:267–276

    Google Scholar 

  • Connard G, Couch R, Gemperle M (1983) Analysis of aeromagnetic measurements from the cascade range in Central Oregon. Geophysics 48:376–390

    Google Scholar 

  • Corbeau J, Rolandone F, Leory S, Al-Lazki A, Stork AL, Kier D, Stuart GW, Hammond JO, Doubre C, Vergne J, Ahmed A, Khanbari K (2014) Uppermost mantle velocity from Pn tomography in the Gulf of Aden. Geosphere. https://doi.org/10.1130/GES01052.1

  • Davison I, Al-Kadasi M, Al-Khirbash S, Al-Subbary AK, Baker J, Blakey S, Bosence D, Dart C, Heaton R, McClay K, Menzies M, Nicols G, Owen L, Yelland A (1994) Geological evolution of the southeastern Red Sea Rift margin, Republic of Yemen. Bull Geol Soc Am 106:1474–1493

    Google Scholar 

  • Dolmaz MN, Omer TU, Hisarli ZM, Orbay N (2005) Curie point depth variations to infer thermal structure of the crust at the African-Eurasian convergence zone, SW Turkey. Earth Planets Space 57:373–383

    Google Scholar 

  • Egloff F, Rhim R, Makris J, Izzeldin YA, Bobsien M, Meier K, Junge P, Noman T, Warsi W (1991) Contrasting structural styles of the eastern and western margins of the southern Red Sea: the 1988 SONNE experiment. Tectonophysics 198:329–353

    Google Scholar 

  • Fara M, Chandrasekharam D, Minissale A (1999) Hydrogeochemistry of Damt thermal springs, Yemen Republic. Geothermics 28:241–252

    Google Scholar 

  • Ferré E, Friedman SA, Martin-Hernandez F, Feinberg JM, Till JL, Ionov DA, Conder JA (2014) Eight good reasons why the uppermost mantle could be magnetic. Tectonophysics 624-625:3–14

    Google Scholar 

  • Ferré E, Friedman SA, Martin-Hernandez F, Feinberg JM, Conder JA, Ionov DA (2013) The magnetism of mantle xenoliths and potential implications for sub-moho magnetic sources. Geophys Res Lett. https://doi.org/10.1029/2012gl0541002013

  • Fin CA, Morgan LA (2002) High-resolution aeromagnetic mapping of volcanic terrain, Yellowstone National Park. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 115:207–231

    Google Scholar 

  • Geomin (1980) Report on geological, geophysical and geochemical investigations carried out in the Precambrian formations south-east of Taiz, volume I, 252 P

  • Heikal MTS, Al-Khirbash SA, Hassan AM, Al-Kotbah AM, Al-Selwi KM (2013) Lithostratigraphy, deformation history, and tectonic evolution of the basement rocks, Republic of Yemen: an overview. Arab J Geosci 7:2007–2018. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-013-0951-0

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Huchon P, Jestin F, Cantagrel JM, Gaulier JM, Al-Khirbash S, Gafaneh A (1991) Extensional deformations in Yemen since Oligocene and the Afar triple junction. Ann Tectonicae 5:141–163

    Google Scholar 

  • Korostelev F, Basuyau C, Leroy S, Tiber C, Ahmed A, Stuart GW, Keir D, Rolandone F, Al Ganad I, Khanbari K, Boschi L (2014) Crustal and upper mantle structure beneath south-western margin of the Arabian Peninsula from teleseismic tomography. Geochem Geophys Geosyst. https://doi.org/10.1002/2014GC005316

  • Li CF, Shi X, Zhou Z, Li J, Geng J, Chen B (2010) Depths to the magnetic layer bottom in the South China Sea area and their tectonic implications. Geophys J Int 182:1229–1247

    Google Scholar 

  • Li CF, Wang J, Lin J, Wang T (2013) Thermal evolution of the North Atlantic lithosphere: new constraints from magnetic anomaly inversion with a fractal magnetization model. Geochem Geophys Geosyst 14:5078–5105

    Google Scholar 

  • Mandelbrot B (1983) The fractal geometry of nature. W.H. Freeman, New York

    Google Scholar 

  • Manetti P, Capaldi G, Chiesa S, Civetta L, Conticelli S, Gasparon M, Volpe L, Orsi G (1991) Magmatism of the eastern Red Sea margin in the northern part of Yemen from Oligocene to present. Tectonophysics 198:181–202

    Google Scholar 

  • Martin-Hernandez F, Ferré EC, Friedman SA (2014) Remanent magnetization in fresh xenoliths derived from combined demagnetization experiments: magnetic mineralogy origin and implications for mantle sources of magnetic anomalies. Tectonophysics 624-625:24–31

    Google Scholar 

  • Mattach MA (1994) Study of the Cenozoic volcanics and their associated intrusive rocks in Yemen in relation to rift development. PhD thesis, Geological institute, Budapest

  • Maus S, Dimri VP (1994) Scaling properties of potential fields due to scaling sources. Geophys Res Lett 21:891–894

    Google Scholar 

  • McCombe DA, Fernette GL, Aalawi AJ (1994) The geological and mineral resources of Yemen. Ministry of oil and Mineral Resources, Geological Survey of Yemen, Sana’a

    Google Scholar 

  • Minissale A, Mattash MA, Vaselli O, Tassi F, Al-Ganad IN, Selmo E, Shawki NM, Tedesco D, Poreda R, Ad-Dukhain AM, Hazzae MK (2007) Thermal springs, fumaroles and gas vents of continental Yemen: their relation with active tectonics, regional hydrology and the country’s geothermal potential. Appl Geochem 22:799–820

    Google Scholar 

  • Minissale A, Vaselli O, Mattash MA, Montegrossi G, Tassi F, Ad-Dukkain A, Kalberkamp U, Al-Sabri A, Al Kohlani T (2013) Geothermal prospecting by geochemical methods in the quaternary volcanic province of Dhamar (central Yemen). J Volcanol Geotherm Res 249:95–108

    Google Scholar 

  • Nyabeze PK, Gwavava O (2016) Investigating heat and magnetic source depths in the Soutpansberg Basin, South Africa: exploring the soutpansberg basin geothermal field. Geoth Energy 4:1–20. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40517-016-0050-z

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Okubo Y, Graf JR, Hansen RO, Ogawa K, Tsu H (1985) Curie point depths of the island of Kyushu and surrounding areas, Japan. Geophysics 53:481–494

    Google Scholar 

  • Pascal A, Jeremy MG (2019) Curie depth estimation from magnetic anomaly data: a reassessment using multitaper spectral analysis and Bayesian interence. Geophys J Int 218:494–507

    Google Scholar 

  • Pilkington M, Gregotski ME, Todoeschuck JP (1994) Using fractal crustal magnetization models in magnetic interpretation. Geophys Prospect 42:677–692

    Google Scholar 

  • Ravat D, Pignatelli A, Nicolosi I, Chiappini M (2007) A study of spectral methods of estimating the depth to the bottom of magnetic sources from near-surface magnetic anomaly data. Geophys J Int 169:421–434

    Google Scholar 

  • Ross HE, Blakely RJ, Zoback MD (2006) Testing the use of aeromagnetic data for the determination of curie depth in California. Geophysics 71:L51–L59

    Google Scholar 

  • Shuey RT, Schellinger DK, Tripp AC, Alley LB (1977) Curie depth determination from aeromagnetic spectra. Geophys J Int 50:75–101

    Google Scholar 

  • Spector A, Grant FS (1970) Statistical models for interpreting aeromagnetic data. Geophysics 35:293–302

    Google Scholar 

  • Speranzaa F, Minellia L, Pignatellia A, Gilardi M (2016) Curie temperature depths in the Alps and the Po Plain (northern Italy): comparison with heat flow and seismic tomography data. J Geodyn 98:19–30

    Google Scholar 

  • Stern RJ, Johnson P (2010) Continental lithosphere of the Arabian Plate: a geologic, petrologic, and geophysical synthesis. Earth Sci Rev 10(1):29–67

    Google Scholar 

  • Stoeser DB, Camp VE (1985) Pan African micro plate accretion of the Arabian shield. Geol Surv Am Bull 96:817–826

    Google Scholar 

  • Tanaka A, Okubo Y, Matsubayashi O (1999) Curie point depth based on spectrum analysis of the magnetic anomaly data in East and Southeast Asia. Tectonophysics 306:461–470

    Google Scholar 

  • Trifonova P, Zhelev Z, Petrova T, Bojadgieva K (2009) Curie point depths of Bulgarian territory inferred from geomagnetic observations and its correlation with regional thermal structure and seismicity. Tectonophysics 473:362–374

    Google Scholar 

  • White RS, Smith LK, Roberts AW, Christie PAF, Kusznir NJ, Team I (2008) Lower crustal intrusion on the North Atlantic continental margin. Nature 452:460–464

    Google Scholar 

  • Wang J, Li CF (2015) Crustal magmatism and lithospheric geothermal state of western North America and their implications for a magnetic mantle. Tectonophysics 638:112–125

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank the Yemen geological survey and mineral resources board (YGSMRB) for providing the aeromagnetic data. We gratefully thank Mr. Sultan Ahmed Al Qadasi, director of geological mapping project at the YGSMRB, for the help in combining and reproducing the geological map of the area. Many thanks for two anonymous reviewers for their constructive critiques. Authors are grateful to Dr. Abdullah Al-Amri, editor-in chief, for the delicate handling of our manuscript during the evaluation process.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Amin Noman Al Kadasi.

Additional information

Responsible Editor: Mehdi Eshagh

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Al Kadasi, A.N., Al-Aydrus, A. & Mustafa, M.S. Estimation of Curie point depth in southwestern Yemen from spectral analysis of aeromagnetic data. Arab J Geosci 13, 238 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-020-5196-0

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-020-5196-0

Keywords

Navigation