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Trace element occurrence and distribution problems in the irrigation water at El-Minia district, north upper Egypt

Abstract

Water pollution by trace elements is a global problem, especially in developing countries. To understand the complex behavior of trace elements dynamics in aquatic systems, 45 water samples were collected from River Nile, Bahr Youssefi canal, El Ibrahemia canal, El Sabakha canal, and El Moheet drain at El-Minia district in northern Upper Egypt. The detected heavy metals were B, Fe, Cu, Zn, Mn, Co, Hg, Ni, Al, Pb, Cd, Cr, Se, and As. Also, the samples were subjected to other water quality parameter measurements such as dissolved oxygen (DO), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), total suspended solids (TSS), hydrogen sulfide (H2S), alkalinity, oil and grease, cations (Ca2+, Mg2+, Na+, and K+), anions (HCO3, SO42−, and Cl), and minor constituents (NH4, NO3, and PO4). Overall, the irrigation water in El-Minia district is principally affected by the agricultural, industrial, and sewage input.

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Acknowledgments

The authors appreciate the Staff Member of the Central Health Laboratories, Abdein, Cairo, Egypt, for their help during analyses.

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Correspondence to Moustafa Gamal Snousy.

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This article is part of the Topical Collection on New Advances and Research Results on the Geology of Africa

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Snousy, M.G., Ismail, E. & Zaki, R. Trace element occurrence and distribution problems in the irrigation water at El-Minia district, north upper Egypt. Arab J Geosci 12, 582 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-019-4771-8

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-019-4771-8

Keywords

  • Water resources
  • Water quality
  • Health risk
  • Heavy metals
  • Pollution
  • Upper Egypt