Foraminiferal biostratigraphy and paleoenvironments of the Danian-Selandian succession at the Kharga Oasis, Western Desert, Egypt

Abstract

The present work deals with the foraminiferal investigations and analyses of the Danian-Selandian (D-S) succession at Naqb El-Rufuf and Umm El-Ghanayim sections in the Kharga Oasis. Five planktonic foraminiferal zones and subzones (P1c, P2, P3a, P3b, and P4a) were recognized within the studied sections. The D/S stage boundary is characterized by a faunal break at the P3/P4 zonal boundary owing to completely or partially absence of the P3b subzone. This hiatus reveals the dual signature of both the eustatic sea-level changes and the regional tectonic event of the Syrian Arc System. The studied interval is subdivided into three transgressive-regressive sequences bounded by three sequence boundaries at the Cretaceous-Paleogene (K/Pg.) boundary, the boundary between P3a/P3b subzones and the D/S boundary, respectively. The D/S transition is associated with substantial changes in the structure and composition of the foraminiferal assemblages point to extensive paleoenvironmental turnover. The latest Danian sediments were deposited under deep inner-shallow middle neritic environments with oxygen-depleted bottom water conditions and increased trophic level, where an outer neritic environment with meso-oligotrophic and well-oxygenated bottom water conditions prevailed during the deposition of the Selandian deposits.

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Acknowledgements

Many thanks extend to the anonymous reviewers for constructive criticisms and valuable comments that greatly improved the manuscript. Prof. Abdullah M. Al-Amri Arabian Journal of Geosciences Editor-in-Chief and the Guest Editor are thanked for the editorial handling and useful comments.

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Correspondence to Youssef S. Bazeen.

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This article is part of the Topical Collection on New Advances and Research results on the Geology of Africa

Appendix 1

Appendix 1

Benthic species list

1. Alabamina midwayensis Brotzen, 1948
2. Ammobaculites expansus Plummer, 1933
3. Angulogavelinella avnimelechi (Reiss, 1952)
4. Anomalinoides affinis (Hantken, 1875)
5. Anomalinoides praeacutus (Vasilenko, 1950)
6. Anomalinoides rubiginosus (Cushman, 1926)
7. Anomalinoides susanaensis (Browning, 1959)
8. Anomalinoides zitteli (LeRoy, 1953)
9. Bulimina midwayensis (Cushman and Parker, 1936)
10. Bulimina paleocenica Brotzen, 1948
11. Bulimina strobila Marie, 1941
12. Cibicides farafraensis LeRoy, 1953
13. Cibicidoides alleni (Plummer, 1926)
14. Cibicidoides hyphalus (Fisher, 1969)
15. Cibicidoides libycus (LeRoy, 1953)
16. Cibicidoides pharaonis (LeRoy, 1953)
17. Cibicidoides proprius (Brotzen, 1948)
18. Cibicidoides pseudoacutus (Nakkady, 1950)
19. Cibicidoides pseudoperlucidus (Bykova, 1954)
20. Cribrostomoides trinitatensis Cushman and Jarvis, 1928
21. Frondicularia spp.
22. Gaudryina spp.
23. Gavelinella danica (Brotzen, 1940)
24. Gavelinella lellingensis Brotzen, 1948
25. Gyroidinoides beisseli (White, 1928)
26. Gyroidinoides girardanus (Reuss, 1851)
27. Haplophragmoides excavata Cushman and Waters, 1927
28. Karrerulina conversa (Grzybowski, 1901)
29. Laevidentalina colei (Cushman and Dusenbury, 1934)
30. Ornamented lenticulinids
31. Smooth lenticulinids
32. Loxostomoides applinae (Plummer, 1926)
33. Marginulina carri LeRoy, 1953
34. Marginulinopsis tuberculata (Plummer, 1926)
35. Neoeponides duwi (Nakkady, 1950)
36. Neoflabellina jarvisi (Cushman, 1935)
37. Oridorsalis plummerae (Cushman, 1948)
38. Orthokarstenia higazi (Nakkady, 1955)
39. Osangularia plummerae Brotzen, 1940
40. Palmula spp.
41. Praeglobobulimina quadrata (Plummer, 1926)
42. Pseudoclavulina spp.
43. Pullenia jarvisi Cushman, 1936
44. Pulsiphonina prima (Plummer, 1926)
45. Pygmaeoseistron spp.
46. Pyramidulina spp.
47. Reussoolina apiculata (Reuss, 1850)
48. Siphogeneroides eleganta (Plummer, 1926)
49. Spiroplectinella spp.
50. Stilostomella spp.
51. Textularia schwageri LeRoy, 1953
52. Trifarina esnaensis LeRoy, 1953
53. Trochammina spp.
54. Turrilina brevispira Ten Dam, 1944
55. Valvalabamina depressa (Alth, 1850)
56. Valvalabamina planulata (Cushman and Renz, 1941)
57. Valvulineria esnehensis Nakkady, 1950
58. Vulvulina colei Cushman, 1932

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Hewaidy, A.G.A., Farouk, S. & Bazeen, Y.S. Foraminiferal biostratigraphy and paleoenvironments of the Danian-Selandian succession at the Kharga Oasis, Western Desert, Egypt. Arab J Geosci 12, 133 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-019-4229-z

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Keywords

  • Danian-Selandian
  • Foraminiferal biostratigraphy
  • Paleoenvironments
  • Latest Danian Event (LDE)
  • Kharga Oasis