Arabian Journal of Geosciences

, 11:484 | Cite as

A new organ-species dasycladalean green alga from Darbandikhan, Kurdistan, Iraq

  • Ioan I. BucurEmail author
  • Kamal Haji Karim
  • Hyam Daoud
  • Bruno Granier
  • Polla Azad Khanaqa
Original Paper


Algal-rich limestones have been identified during fieldwork at Zawali (Shameran) Mountain, Darbandikhan, Iraq. The algae occur within an 8-m thick interval of fine-grained gray limestone in the lower part of the Khurmala Formation (Upper Paleocene-Lower Eocene). In this area, the Khurmala Formation is 170 m thick and consists mostly of poorly fossiliferous dolomitic lagoonal limestone. Thin intervals contain gastropods, pelecypods, foraminifers (e.g., miliolids, soritids, rotaliids, and rare nummulitids), and calcareous green algae. One of these levels consists almost exclusively of fertile ampullae of a bornetellacean dasycladalean alga. Here we define it a new organ-species: Frederica kurdistanensis nov. sp.


Calcareous algae Dasycladales New species Iraq 



We thank Phil Salvador and Robert Riding for English corrections, as well as the reviewers Marc Conrad, and an anonymous reviewer whose remarks and corrections helped to improve the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ioan I. Bucur
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kamal Haji Karim
    • 2
  • Hyam Daoud
    • 2
  • Bruno Granier
    • 3
    • 4
  • Polla Azad Khanaqa
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Geology and Center for Integrated Geological StudiesBabeş-Bolyai UniversityCluj-NapocaRomania
  2. 2.Department of GeologyUniversity of SulaimaniSulaimanyia CityIraq
  3. 3.Dépt. STU, Fac. Sci. Tech.UBOBrestFrance
  4. 4.Department of Ecology and Evolutionary BiologyThe University of KansasLawrenceUSA
  5. 5.Kurdistan Institution for Strategic Studies and Scientific Research (KISSR) and University of Human DevelopmentSulaimaniIraq

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