Geomorphology of the Al Wahbah crater at Harrat Kishb west of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

  • Mohamed Al-Abbas Daoudi
  • Mahmoud Ibrahim Al-Doaan
  • Abdlhamed Jamil
Original Paper


The main objective of this research is to conduct a geomorphic study of the Al Wahbah crater located in Harrat Kishb, west of Saudi Arabia. The crater is considered as one of the well-known national tourist places, which attracted many visitors a year. This study handles the geomorphic framework of the crater to draw a digital elevation model. It is a step to designate slopes of the crater and its surroundings, as well as other morphometric characteristics. The lithologic units of the crater and its surroundings have been updated using geologic maps and SPOT 5 (2.5 m) satellite image. The research aims also at analyzing the deposits of the crater floor through mechanical analysis of the field-collected samples. In this process, the circular floor of the crater had been classified into two halves. Then, field samples were collected from the radius of the crater at three places apart from each other. The lab analyses include porosity and hydraulic conductivity. The results of analyzing these samples disclosed high percentages of porosity. The porosity of all samples is homogeneous as well in the samples collected from the three profiles of different depths. As well the mechanical analysis indicates a regular and homogeneous grain size distribution. The current study elucidates the impact of the mutual interaction between the natural variable forming the Al Wahbah crater geomorphic system. The interaction resulted in a dynamic and complex geomorphic system along with distinctive associations of landforms and surficial deposits. The study is considered among the pioneer research efforts that tackled the Al Wahbah crater from different scientific and applications perspectives.


Al Wahbah crater Harrat Kishb Caldera geomorphology Sediments 



The research team would like to thank the Deanship of Scientific Research (DSR) at King Abdulaziz University for its financial support for this investigation (Project Number G-139-125-37). Thanks are extended to Brigadier General Samii Al-Tourqi, Taif General Civil Defense, Brigadier Kalid Al-Fair, Al-Mouoh Civil Defense. Deep thanks go to soldier Deeb Al-Otabi, HafurKashub Civil Defense Center, for his help during fieldwork. Thanks go to the technicians who helped in completing soil and mineral analysis. Many thanks are due to all the people who supported or helped during the conduct of the fieldwork.


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Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohamed Al-Abbas Daoudi
    • 1
  • Mahmoud Ibrahim Al-Doaan
    • 1
  • Abdlhamed Jamil
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Geography & GIS, Faculty of Arts and HumanitiesKing Abdulaziz UniversityJeddahSaudi Arabia

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