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Extraction of lineaments from different azimuth angles using geospatial techniques: a case study of Pravara basin, Maharashtra, India

  • Sumit Das
  • Sudhakar D. Pardeshi
  • Pallavi P. Kulkarni
  • Arjun Doke
Original Paper

Abstract

Lineaments are the linear or curvilinear geological surface features which reflect the tectonic history, groundwater potential, oil, and mineral resource availability of a given area. In view of the importance of lineaments, the present study is carried out to understand the spatial distribution, orientation, density, and the influence of lineaments on drainage network. The study focuses on the extraction of lineaments in Pravara basin, Maharashtra, by using Cartosat Digital Elevation Model (CartoDEM). The lineaments are extracted and analyzed in ArcGIS and Rockworks software, respectively. Comparative analysis is performed on eight different lineament outputs which are extracted from various azimuth angles to prepare one final lineament map of the study area. Total number of lineaments found in the study area is 709 with the length of 1194.77 km. The western part of the Pravara basin shows higher lineament density as compared to the central and eastern part. Therefore, these areas might be affected by higher structural deformation. Also, this area might have higher groundwater infiltration potential due to the higher density of lineaments as they work as the structural weaknesses and influence the water to infiltrate in sub-surface region. The study has shown that the predominant orientation of lineaments trending to NNW-SSE. About 10% of the total stream length is found to have the influence of lineaments on the drainage network. More control of lineaments is observed in the source region of the drainage, where mostly first-order streams are found. Apart from the significant findings, this study has been generated a detailed structural information over the study area and the output could be applied for future planning and management of the water resources, tectonic evolution, and in other fields of geosciences.

Keywords

Lineaments Western Ghat Cartosat DEM GIS Maharashtra Pravara basin 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The corresponding author wishes to thank Dr. Abdullah M. Al-Amri (editor-in-chief, Arabian Journal of Geosciences) and the handling editor for their valuable comments and suggestions on this manuscript. The authors are grateful to three anonymous reviewers for their critical and constructive comments which improved the content significantly.

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Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GeographySavitribai Phule Pune UniversityPuneIndia
  2. 2.Department of GeographyShankarrao Bhelke CollegePuneIndia

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