Linkage of urban expansion and land surface temperature using geospatial techniques for Jaipur City, India

  • Suresh Chandra
  • Devesh Sharma
  • Swatantra Kumar Dubey
Original Paper
  • 260 Downloads

Abstract

The aim of this study is to understand the land use change and urban expansion of Jaipur City of Rajasthan (India). Landsat 5 TM and Landsat 8 OLI satellite data of 4 years, i.e., 1993, 2000, 2010, and 2015 are used for land use and land surface temperature (LST) analysis. ERDAS Imagine and ArcGIS software are used to conduct the analysis. Urban settlement increased from 13.5 to 57.3% in the study period. Open land is mainly changed to urban areas. Urban settlement is also expanded to peri-urban area of Jaipur City. Jaipur City expanded along three directions i.e., north, west, and south and less development is found in the east direction. Based on radial analysis, it is observed there is not much development within the periphery of 2 km (close to city center) but maximum growth is observed within the distance from 4 to 6 km radius of city center. Expansion intensity was observed highest in the period 2015–2010 from 6 km onwards and reached to a maximum value close to 17 km2/year. In LST analysis, there is less change in extreme temperature, but more areal increase in average temperature range (30–35 °C). Urbanization is the main driving process of land cover changes and consequently changes in LST.

Keywords

Land use land cover (LULC)e Urban expansion Land surface temperature (LST) Landsat Geospatial techniques 

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Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Suresh Chandra
    • 1
  • Devesh Sharma
    • 1
  • Swatantra Kumar Dubey
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Science, School of Earth SciencesCentral University of RajasthanAjmerIndia

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