Skip to main content


Log in

RETRACTED ARTICLE: Physiological comparative study of six wild grapevine (Vitis sylvestris) accession responses to salinity

  • ICIEM 2016
  • Published:
Arabian Journal of Geosciences Aims and scope Submit manuscript

This article was retracted on 14 September 2017

This article has been updated


Salinity problems for vineyards are in concerns, especially in coastal areas where several aquifers are reported to be affected by seawater intrusion and agricultural contamination. Saline irrigation affects growth, yield, and fruit quality of grapevines. Exploring germplasm base through wild ancestors of the target species is a novel adopted strategy to increase crop tolerance to irrigation with saline water. The effects of salt on growth, organic and inorganic solute accumulations, and chlorophyll florescence were studied on 3-month-old plants of six Tunisian wild grapevines with the objective to identify salt tolerance mechanisms and select tolerant genotypes. Potted plants were grown under controlled conditions and irrigated for 14 days with 0, 100, and 150 mM NaCl nutrient solution. Parameters analyzed were related to growth, water relations, mineral nutrition, and chlorophyll fluorescence. Several processes are operating either at the whole plant or at cell level. They appear to be involved in salt tolerance of wild grapevines and are more efficient in tolerant accessions. Salt adversely affects plant growth and plant nutrition. Reductions of shoot growth rate (relative growth rate, day−1) reached 49% of control since 100 mM NaCl. They were assigned to stomatal closure and alteration of potassium nutrition and photochemistry. There were significant differences (P < 0.05) within accessions, Tebaba was the most tolerant and Houamdia the most sensitive, while the others were intermediate.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4

Similar content being viewed by others

Change history

  • 14 September 2017

    An erratum to this article has been published.


  • Ashraf M (1999) Interactive effect of salt (NaCl) and nitrogen form on growth, water relations and photosynthetic capacity of sunflower (Helianthus annum L.) Ann Appl Biol 135(2):509–513

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Askri H, Daldoul S, Ben Ammar A, Rejeb S, Jardak R, Rejeb MN, Mliki A, Ghorbel A (2012) Short-term response of wild grapevines (Vitis vinifera L. ssp. sylvestris) to NaCl salinity exposure: changes of some physiological and molecular characteristics. Acta Physiol Plant 34(2):957–968

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Baker E, Rosenqvist NR (2004) Applications of chlorophyll fluorescence can improve crop production strategies: an examination of future possibilities. J Exp Bot 55:1607–1621

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Bates LS, Waldren RP, Teare D (1973) Rapid determination of free proline for water stress studies. Plant Soil 39:205–207

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Binzel ML, Hess D, Bressan RA, Hasegawa PM (1988) Intracellular compartmentation of ions in salt adapted tobacco cells. Plant Physiol 86:607–614

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Björkman O, Demmig-Adams B (1994) Regulation of photosynthetic light energy capture, conversion, and dissipation in leaves of higher plants. In: Schulze CMM (ed) Ecophysiology of photosynthesis. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp 17–47

    Google Scholar 

  • Chartzoulakis KS, Therios IN, Misopolinos ND, Noitsakis BI (1995) Growth, ion content and photosynthetic performance of salt-stressed kiwifruit plants. Irrigat Sci 16:23–28

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Choné X, Van Leeuwen C, Dubourdieu D, Gaudillere JP (2001) Stem water potential is a sensitive indicator of grapevine water status. Ann Bot 87:477–483

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Daldoul S, Guillaumie S, Reustle GM, Krczal G, Ghorbel A, Delrot S, Mliki A, Höfer M (2010) Isolation and expression analysis of salt induced genes from contrasting grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) cultivars. Plant Sci 179:489–498

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Dardeniz A, Müftuoglu NM, Altay H (2006) Determination of salt tolerance of some American rootstocks. Bangladesh J Bot 35(2):143–150

    Google Scholar 

  • Fisarakis I, Chartzoulakis J, Stavrakas D (2001) Response of Sultana vines (Vitis vinifera L.) on six rootstocks to NaCl salinity exposure and recovery. Agri Water Manage 51:13–27

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Genty B, Briantais JM, Baker NB (1989) The relationship between the quantum yield of photosynthetic electron transport and quenching of chlorophyll fluorescence. Biochim Biophys Acta 99:87–92

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hasegawa PM, Bressan PA, Zhu J, Bohnert HJ (2000) Plant cellular and molecular responses to high salinity. Annu Rev Plant Physiol Plant Mol Biol 51:463–499

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hunt R (1990) Basic growth analysis. Unwin Hyman, London, London 110 pp

    Book  Google Scholar 

  • Jiang Q, Roche D, Monaco TA, Durham S (2006) Gas exchange, chlorophyll parameters and carbon isotop discrimination of 14 barley genetic lines in response to salinity. Field Crop Res 96:269–278

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Johansen C, Edwards DG, Loneragan JF (1970) Potassium fluxes during potassium absorption by intact barley plants of increasing potassium content. Plant Physiol 45:601–603

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Moutinho-Pereira JM, Magalháes N, Torres De Castro LF, Chaves MM, Torres-Pereira JM (2001) Physiological responses of grapevine leaves to Bordeaux mixture under light stress conditions. Vitis 40(3):117–121

    Google Scholar 

  • Munns R, Tester M (2008) Mechanisms of salinity tolerance. Annu Rev Plant Biol 59:651–681

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Schreiber U, Schliwa U, Bilger W (1986) Continuous recording of photochemical and non-photochemical fluorescence quenching with a new type of modulation fluorometer. Photosynth Res 10:51–62

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Schreiber U, Bilger W, Neubauer C (1995) Chlorophyll fluorescence as a non invasive indicator for rapid assessment of in vivo photosynthesis. In: Schulze, Caldwell MM (eds) Ecophysiology of photosynthesis. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp 49–70

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  • Serraj R, Sinclair TR (2002) Osmolyte accumulation: can it really help increase crop yield under drought conditions? Plant Cell Environ 25:333–341

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Shani U, Ben-Gal A (2005) Long-term response of grapevines to salinity: osmotic effects and ion toxicity. Am J Enol Vitic 56(2):148–154

    Google Scholar 

  • Sharp RE, Davies WJ (1979) Solute regulation and growth by roots and shoots of water stressed maize plants. Planta 147:43–49

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Staub AM (1963) Extraction, identification et dosages des glucides dans les extraits d’organes et les corps bactériens. In: Masson et Compagnie (Ed.) Techniques de laboratoire, Tome 1 et 2, Paris, 1307–1366

  • Upreti KK, Murti GSR (2010) Response of grape rootstocks to salinity: changes in root growth, polyamines and abscisic acid. Biol Plant 54(4):730–734

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Urdanoz V, Aragüés R (2009) Three-year field response of drip-irrigated grapevine (Vitis vinifera L., cv. Tempranillo) to soil salinity. Plant Soil 324:219–230

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references


The authors thank Dr. Zoghlemi Nejia from the Biotechnology Center of Borj Cedria for her valuable assistance in selecting the accessions of wild vines studied and sampling them in their natural site.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Hend Askri.

Additional information

This article is part of the Topical Collection on Water Resource Management for Sustainable Development

The above-mentioned article is retracted at the request of the Editor-in-Chief in consultation with the Senior Publishing Editor per the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines on scientific misconduct.

The Editor in Chief has retracted this article because it was mistakenly published due to an error in the submission system. The authors agree with the retraction.

An erratum to this article is available at

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Askri, H., Gharbi, F., Rejeb, S. et al. RETRACTED ARTICLE: Physiological comparative study of six wild grapevine (Vitis sylvestris) accession responses to salinity. Arab J Geosci 10, 246 (2017).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • DOI: