Reconstructing late Eocene–lower Oligocene seismic facies framework of a rhythmic deposits from eastern China

Original Paper


Due to the apparent rhythmic characteristics of the stratigraphically complex unit formed of deltaic and mostly lacustrine deposits in Qianjiang depression (Jianghan basin), we used the seismic pattern proxies inside a seismic sequence, by analyzing the character of reflections (amplitude, continuity, and configuration) to detect the different seismic facies and to predict their depositional environmental settings. The depression fills are characterized by a distinct upward change in seismic facies; beginning with a fan facies in the bottom, followed by free facies occurring where thick salt sediments were presented, then convergent base-lapping facies, succeeded by chaotic facies and overlain by parallel to sub-parallel facies. The convergent base-lapping facies is the most common and the parallel and draping facies is restricted to slope areas shallower than 1000 m in water depth. Three depositional environments that range from fluvial, delta, to marine (lake) are predicted too. This paper lays the foundation for the development of a seismic sequence stratigraphic framework, and contributing to better understanding of the potential evaluation of hydrocarbon occurrence in the Eastern center of China.


Seismic facies Rhythmic Sequence Depositional Reservoir Exploration 



This research was undertaken as part of a M.Sc. by the primary author, supported by the Chinese Government Scholarship Program through the China Scholarship Council (CSC), the Peoples’ Republic of China, and additional financial support provided by the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research of Algeria. The authors are grateful to the unknown reviewers and the editors for their critical reading of the manuscript; as always, any errors in interpretation remain the responsibility of the authors.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


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Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Natural Hazards and Regional Planning, Department of Geology, Institute of Earth Sciences and UniverseUniversity of Batna 2BatnaAlgeria
  2. 2.Department of Earth ResourcesChina University of GeosciencesWuhanPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.State Key Laboratory of MRE, Department of deposits, Faculty of Hydrocarbons and ChemistryUniversity of M’Hamed BougaraBoumerdesAlgeria

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