Arabian Journal of Geosciences

, Volume 8, Issue 8, pp 6047–6062 | Cite as

Delineation of the radioactive elements based on the radiometric data using concentration–area fractal method in the Saghand area, Central Iran

  • Masoumeh KhalajmasoumiEmail author
  • Mohammad Lotfi
  • Peyman Afzal
  • Behnam Sadeghi
  • Ayyoub Memar Kochebagh
  • Ahmad Khakzad
  • Afshar Ziazarifi
Original Paper


The aim of this research is the separation of the airborne geophysical anomalies of uranium (U) and thorium (Th) using concentration–area (C–A) fractal method in the Saghand area, Central Iran. At the first step, the C–A log–log plots of U and Th were generated and their thresholds were identified. The U and Th log–log plots obtained from the C–A method indicate the existence of enrichments in the study area. The intensity anomaly map based on the C–A fractal method shows the amounts of 2,238.721–2,379.7 eppm for U and high amounts 1,862.087–1,943.8 eppm for Th. Based on the results obtained from the multifractal modeling, the main anomalies of U and Th occurred in the central part toward the north of the study area and the other parts in the south and SE of the area, especially U. The central part of the area is located in the metasomatic units, and it is associated with epidote and chlorite alterations. The C–A anomalies were further done using ground radiometric data and X-ray fluorescence (XRF) analysis revealing higher than 837 and 575 ppm for U and Th concentration values, respectively.


Fractal modeling Concentration–area Uranium Thorium Saghand Central Iran 



The authors wish to acknowledge research deputy of Islamic Azad University (Department of Geology, Science and Research University), for supporting this research and Geological Survey of Iran and Atomic Energy Organization of Iran for assisting us with data and analysis.


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Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Masoumeh Khalajmasoumi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mohammad Lotfi
    • 2
  • Peyman Afzal
    • 3
    • 4
  • Behnam Sadeghi
    • 3
    • 5
  • Ayyoub Memar Kochebagh
    • 3
  • Ahmad Khakzad
    • 2
  • Afshar Ziazarifi
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Geology, Science and Research BranchIslamic Azad University (IAU)TehranIran
  2. 2.Departments of Geology, North Tehran BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran
  3. 3.Department of Mining Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, South Tehran branchIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran
  4. 4.Camborne School of MinesUniversity of ExeterPenrynUK
  5. 5.Young Researchers and Elite Club, South Tehran BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran
  6. 6.Department of Mining Engineering, Lahijan BranchIslamic Azad UniversityLahijanIran

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