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Tenfold cross validation artificial neural network modeling of the settlement behavior of a stone column under a highway embankment

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Abstract

Construction of embankments in engineering structures on soft clay soils normally encounters problems related to excessive settlement issues. The conventional methods are inadequate to analyze and predict the surface settlement when the necessary parameters are difficult to determine in the field and in the laboratory. In this study, artificial neural network systems (ANNs) were used to predict settlement under embankment load using soft soil properties together with various geometric parameters as input for each stone column (SC) arrangement and embankment condition. Data from a highway project called Lebuhraya Pantai Timur2 in Terengganu, Malaysia, were investigated. The FEM package of Plaxis v8 program analysis was utilized. The actual angle of internal friction, spacing between SC, diameter of SC, length of SC, and height of embankment were used as the input parameters, and the settlement was used as the main output. Non cross validation (NCV) and tenfold cross validation (TFCV) were used to build the ANN model. The results of the TFCV model were more accurate than those of the NCV model. Comparisons made with the predictions of the Priebe model showed that the proposed TFCV model could provide better predictions than conventional methods.

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Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) for GUP-2012-03 research grant in this work and the Department of civil and structural engineering, for the use of computer laboratory.

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Correspondence to Qasim A. Aljanabi.

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Chik, Z., Aljanabi, Q.A., Kasa, A. et al. Tenfold cross validation artificial neural network modeling of the settlement behavior of a stone column under a highway embankment. Arab J Geosci 7, 4877–4887 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-013-1128-6

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-013-1128-6

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