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Sediment Yield Index mapping and prioritization of Madia subwatershed, Sagar District of Madhya Pradesh (India)

Abstract

Assessment of soil loss through Sediment Yield Index (SYI) is important for watershed planning, prioritization, and development. In the absence of measured sediment data, SYI expressing the relative sediment yield from different basins work as a basis for grading another basin to adopt erosion control measures. An attempt was made to evaluate SYI in wider scale by using cost-effective tools like remote sensing and geographical information system (GIS). SYI was calculated for Madia subwatershed, which consists of 29 microwatersheds and located in Sagar District, Madhya Pradesh (M.P.) The IRS LISS III data and Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) digital elevation models (DEM) of 90-m resolution were used to identify land use characteristics and geomorphometric analysis. Major land use was observed as agricultural land (24.7 %), water bodies (16.7 %), forest area (10.2 %), and settlement (21.3 %). In categorization, similar overall accuracy was observed for dense forest, barren land, settlement, and water bodies. The highest SYI with a value more than 20 was observed in microwatershed Mw6, Mw7, and Mw24, which comprises 33 % of the total watershed area. It gives the information about the watershed area that requires very high priority.

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Correspondence to Vinod Kumar Tripathi.

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Rawat, K.S., Tripathi, V.K. & Mishra, A.K. Sediment Yield Index mapping and prioritization of Madia subwatershed, Sagar District of Madhya Pradesh (India). Arab J Geosci 7, 3131–3145 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-013-1007-1

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-013-1007-1

Keywords

  • Sediment Yield Index (SYI)
  • IRS LISS III
  • Watershed
  • Prioritization
  • SRTM