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Hydrogeochemical assessment of groundwater in Neyveli Basin, Cuddalore District, South India

، Neyveli تقييم المياه الجوفية في حوض Hydrogeochemical مقاطعة آودالور ، جنوب الهند

Abstract

In the light of progressive depletion of groundwater reservoir and water quality deterioration of the Neyveli basin, an investigation on dissolved major constituents in 25 groundwater samples was performed. The main objective was detection of processes for the geochemical assessment throughout the area. Neyveli aquifer is intensively inhabited during the last decenniums, leading to expansion of the residential and agricultural area. Besides semi-aridity, rapid social and economic development stimulates greater demand for water, which is gradually fulfilled by groundwater extraction. Groundwaters of the study area are characterized by the dominance of Na + K over Ca + Mg. HCO3 was found to be the dominant anion followed by Cl and SO4. High positive correlation was obtained among the following ions: Ca–Mg, Cl–Ca,Mg, Na–K, HCO3–H4SiO4, and F–K. The hydrochemical types in the area can be divided into two major groups: the first group includes mixed Ca–Mg–Cl and Ca–Cl types. The second group comprises mixed Ca–Na–HCO3 and Ca–HCO3 types. Most of the groundwater samples are within the permissible limit of WHO standard. Interpretation of data suggests that weathering, ion exchange reactions, and evaporation to some extent are the dominant factors that determine the major ionic composition in the study area.

تجريدي

في ضوء نضوب التدريجي لخزان المياه الجوفية وتدهور نوعية المياه في حوض Neyveli ، تحقيقا بشأن حل المكونات الرئيسية في عينات المياه الجوفية 25 قد أنجز. وكان الهدف الرئيسي من عمليات الكشف عن تقييم الجيوكيميائية في جميع أنحاء المنطقة. ويسكنها بشكل مكثف Neyveli طبقة المياه الجوفية خلال decenniums الماضي ، مما أدى إلى التوسع في المنطقة السكنية والزراعية. وبالاضافة الى الجفاف نصف النهائي ، سريع التنمية الاجتماعية والاقتصادية ويحفز زيادة الطلب على المياه ، التي تؤدى تدريجيا عن طريق استخراج المياه الجوفية. وتتميز المياه الجوفية في منطقة الدراسة عن طريق هيمنة نا + ك + الكالسيوم على المغنيسيوم. تم العثور على HCO3 أن تكون مهيمنة أنيون يليه الكلورين وSO4. تم الحصول على العلاقة الإيجابية بين السامية الأيونات التالية : الكالسيوم ، الماغنسيوم ، الكالسيوم ، الكلور ، الماغنسيوم ، الصوديوم ، البوتاسيوم ، HCO3 - H4SiO4 وكيه. ويمكن تقسيم أنواع الهيدروكيميائية في المنطقة إلى مجموعتين رئيسيتين : المجموعة الأولى تضم مختلطة الكالسيوم ، الماغنسيوم ، الكالسيوم وأنواع الكلور ، كلور. المجموعة الثانية تضم أنواع مختلطة الكالسيوم ، الصوديوم والكالسيوم ، HCO3 HCO3. معظم العينات الجوفية تقع ضمن الحد المسموح به من منظمة الصحة العالمية القياسية. تفسير البيانات تشير إلى أن العوامل الجوية التبادل الأيوني ، وردود الفعل والتبخر الى حد ما هي العوامل المسيطرة التي تحدد تركيبة الأيونية الرئيسية في منطقة الدراسة.

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Prasanna, M.V., Chidambaram, S., Senthil Kumar, G. et al. Hydrogeochemical assessment of groundwater in Neyveli Basin, Cuddalore District, South India. Arab J Geosci 4, 319–330 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-010-0191-5

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-010-0191-5

Keywords

  • Hydrogeochemistry
  • Weathering
  • Ion exchange
  • Saturation index
  • Neyveli basin