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Kind en adolescent

, Volume 39, Issue 3, pp 218–235 | Cite as

De ontwikkeling van huwelijksstress en externaliserend gedrag in de tijd

De rol van ouderlijke competentiegevoelens
  • W. M. van EldikEmail author
  • P. Prinzie
  • M. Deković
  • A. D. de Haan
Artikelen
  • 211 Downloads

Samenvatting

Deze longitudinale studie onderzocht in welke mate huwelijksstress en externaliserend probleemgedrag van jongeren zich in samenhang ontwikkelen en in hoeverre ouderlijke competentiebeleving een verklarende rol speelt in deze samenhang. Moeders en vaders van 369 gezinnen (46,1 % jongens, MleeftijdT1 = 7,7 jaar) vulden drie maal vragenlijsten in (2001, 2007, 2009). De resultaten lieten allereerst zien dat een sterkere daling van huwelijksstress in de loop van acht jaar samenhing met een sterkere daling van externaliserend probleemgedrag. Ten tweede werd de mediërende rol van competentiegevoelens niet bevestigd. Ten derde was meer huwelijksstress gerelateerd aan een lagere competentiebeleving en hing, andersom, een lagere competentiebeleving samen met meer huwelijksstress, in de loop van zes jaar. Tot slot was meer externaliserend probleemgedrag gerelateerd aan meer huwelijksstress en een lagere ouderlijke competentiebeleving tijdens de adolescentie. Verbanden waren analoog voor moeders en vaders. Resultaten bevestigen dat gezinsinterventies gericht op het versterken van ouderlijke competentiegevoelens en opvoedgedrag aandacht zouden moeten besteden aan steun en stress in de huwelijksrelatie.

Trefwoorden

huwelijksstress externaliserend probleemgedrag ouderlijke competentiebeleving gezinsprocessen 

Co-development of marital stress and children’s externalizing behaviour over eight years

The role of the parental sense of competence

Abstract

This longitudinal study examined associations between marital stress and children’s externalizing problems, mediation by the parental sense of competence, and the extent to which associations were similar for mothers and fathers. Parents in 369 families (46,1% boys, MageT1 = 7,70 years) completed questionnaires at three different time points over an eight-year period (2001, 2007, 2009). Firstly, the results indicated an association between changes in marital stress and changes in externalizing behaviour, confirming the idea of co-development. Secondly, while the mediating role of parental competence was not confirmed, the results showed (1) a bidirectional process between marital stress and parental competence, and (2) two child-driven effects of adolescents’ problem behaviour on change in marital stress and parental sense of competence. Overall, similar associations were found for mothers and fathers. The results of this study indicate that family interventions, especially those aimed at enhancing the parental sense of competence, could benefit from paying more attention to the level of support and stress in the interparental relationship.

Keywords

marital stress externalizing behaviour parental self-efficacy family processes 

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Copyright information

© Bohn Stafleu van Loghum is een imprint van Springer Media B.V., onderdeel van Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. M. van Eldik
    • 1
    Email author
  • P. Prinzie
    • 1
  • M. Deković
    • 2
  • A. D. de Haan
    • 1
  1. 1.Erasmus Universiteit RotterdamRotterdamNederland
  2. 2.Universiteit UtrechtUtrechtNederland

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