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Praten met Kinderen: effectief voor ouders van (pre)adolescenten?

Samenvatting

In een randomized controlled trial hebben we de effectiviteit van Praten met Kinderen (pmk) onderzocht, een programma voor ouders van (pre)adolescente kinderen met opvoedmoeilijkheden. Het programma richt zich op het verminderen van gedragsproblemen bij kinderen door communicatie- en probleemoplossingsvaardigheden en disfunctioneel opvoedgedrag van ouders te verbeteren. We hebben gedragsobservaties en vragenlijsten (ouder- en kindrapportage) gebruikt van 78 gezinnen met kinderen in de leeftijd van 9 t/m 16 jaar (M = 13.09, sd = 1.75). De resultaten laten zien dat deelname aan pmk leidde tot verbetering van communicatie- en probleemoplossingsvaardigheden van ouders en tot afname van disfunctioneel opvoedgedrag direct na de training. pmk was het meest effectief voor ouders met een hoger opleidingsniveau en voor gezinnen met kinderen van 14 tot 16 jaar.

Leijten, P., Overbeek, G., & Janssens, J. M. A. M. (2013). Effectiveness of a parent training programme in (pre)adolescence. Evidence from a randomized controlled trial. Kind en Adolescent, 34 (2), 80-91

This randomized controlled trial examined the effectiveness of the parent training programme: Parents and Children Talking Together (pctt) for parents with (pre)adolescent children who experience parenting difficulties. The programme focuses on reducing child problem behaviour by improving parents’ communication and problem-solving skills, and disciplining behaviour. We used multi-informant and multi-method data from 78 families with children aged 9-16 (M = 13.09, sd = 1.75). Results showed that participation in pctt improved parents’ communication and problem-solving skills, and reduced dysfunctional parenting behaviour. pctt was most effective for parents with higher educational levels and for families with children aged 14 to 16.

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MSc. P. Leijten is promovendus bij de capaciteitsgroep Ontwikkelingspsychologie van de Universiteit Utrecht.

Dr. G. Overbeek is universitair hoofddocent bij de capaciteitsgroep Ontwikkelingspsychologie van de Universiteit Utrecht.

Prof. dr. J. M. A. M. Janssens is hoogleraar opvoedings- en gezinsondersteuning bij de sectie Orthopedagogiek: Gezin en Gedrag van de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.

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Leijten, P., Overbeek, G. & Janssens, J. Praten met Kinderen: effectief voor ouders van (pre)adolescenten?. KIND ADOLESC. 34, 80–91 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12453-013-0008-x

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12453-013-0008-x

Keywords:

  • parent training;
  • child behaviour problems;
  • randomized controlled trial