Advertisement

Whole-body vibration improves cognitive functions of an adult with ADHD

  • Anselm B. M. FuermaierEmail author
  • Lara Tucha
  • Janneke Koerts
  • Meinris van den Bos
  • G. Ruben H. Regterschot
  • Edzard B. Zeinstra
  • Marieke J. G. van Heuvelen
  • Eddy A. van der Zee
  • Klaus W. Lange
  • Oliver Tucha
Case Report

Abstract

Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with a variety of cognitive impairments, which were shown to affect academic achievement and quality of life. Current treatment strategies, such as stimulant drug treatment, were demonstrated to effectively improve cognitive functions of patients with ADHD. However, most treatment strategies are associated with a number of disadvantages in a considerable proportion of patients, such as unsatisfactory effects, adverse clinical side effects or high financial costs. In order to address limitations of current treatment strategies, whole-body vibration (WBV) might represent a novel approach to treat cognitive dysfunctions of patients with ADHD. WBV refers to the exposure of the whole body of an individual to vibration and was found to affect physiology and cognition. In the present study, WBV was applied on 10 consecutive days to an adult diagnosed with ADHD. Neuropsychological assessments were performed repeatedly at three different times, i.e., the day before the start of the treatment, on the day following completion of treatment and 14 days after the treatment have been completed (follow-up). An improved neuropsychological test performance following WBV treatment points to the high clinical value of WBV in treating patients with neuropsychological impairments such as ADHD.

Keywords

ADHD Treatment Whole-body vibration Whole-body stimulation Exercise 

References

  1. Abbate C, Micali E, Giorgianni C, Munao F, Brecciaroli R et al (2004) Affective correlates of occupational exposure to whole-body vibration: a case–control study. Psychother Psychosom 73:375–379PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Adler LA, Spencer T, McGough JJ, Jiang H, Muniz R (2009) Long-term effectiveness and safety of dexmethylphenidate extended-release capsules in adult ADHD. J Atten Disord 12(5):449–459PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Agarwal R, Goldenberg M, Perry R, IsHak WW (2012) The quality of life of adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a systematic review. Innov Clin Neurosci 9(5–6):10–21PubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. American Psychiatric Association (1994) Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 4th edn. American Psychiatric Press, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  5. Andreou G, Trott K (2013) Verbal fluency in adults diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in childhood. Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 5(4):343–351PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Barkley RA, Murphy KR (2010) Impairment in occupational functioning and adult ADHD: the predictive utility of executive function (EF) ratings versus EF tests. Arch Clin Neuropsychol 25(3):157–173PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Benton AL, Hamsher KD, Sivan AB (1989) Multilingual aphasia examination, 3rd edn. AJA Associates, Iowa CityGoogle Scholar
  8. Biederman J, Petty CR, Fried R, Black S, Faneuil A, Doyle AE et al (2008) Discordance between psychometric testing and questionnaire-based definitions of executive function deficits in individuals with ADHD. J Atten Disord 12(1):92–102PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bogaerts A, Verschueren S, Delecluse C, Claessens AL, Boonen S (2007) Effects of whole body vibration training on postural control in older individuals: a 1 year randomized controlled trial. Gait Posture 26(2):309–316PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Boonstra AM, Oosterlaan J, Sergeant JA, Buitelaar JK (2005) Executive functioning in adult ADHD: a meta-analytic review. Psychol Med 35(8):1097–1108PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Cardinale M, Lim J (2003) Electromyography activity of vastus lateralis muscle during whole-body vibrations of different frequencies. J Strength Cond Res 17(3):621–624PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Cochrane DI, Sartor F, Winwood K, Stannard SR, Narici MV, Rittweger J (2008) A comparison of the physiologic effects of acute whole-body vibration exercise in young and older people. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 89(5):815–821PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. DuPaul GJ, Power TJ, Anastopoulos AD, Reid R (1998) ADHD rating scale—IV: checklists, norms and clinical interpretation. The Guilford Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  14. Fredriksen M, Dahl AA, Martinsen EW, Klungsoyr O, Faraone SV, Peleikis DE (2014) Childhood and persistent ADHD symptoms associated with educational failure and long-term occupational disability in adult ADHD. Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 6(2):87–99PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Fuermaier ABM, Tucha L, Koerts J, Aschenbrenner S, Weisbrod M, Lange KW, Tucha O (2013a) Source discrimination in adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. PLoS One 8(5):e65134PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Fuermaier ABM, Tucha L, Koerts J, Aschenbrenner S, Westermann C, Weisbrod M, Lange KW, Tucha O (2013b) Complex prospective memory in adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. PLoS One 8(3):e58338PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Fuermaier ABM, Tucha L, Koerts J, van Heuvelen MJG, van der Zee EA et al (2014) Good vibrations—Effects of whole body vibration on attention in healthy individuals and individuals with ADHD. PLoS One 9(2):e90747PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Harris MA, Marion SA, Spinelli JJ, Tsui JKC, Teschke K (2012) Occupational exposure to whole-body vibration and parkinson’s disease: results from a population-based case–control study. Am J Epidemiol 176(4):299–307PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Hervey AS, Epstein JN, Curry JF (2004) Neuropsychology of adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a meta-analytic review. Neuropsychology 18(3):485–503PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Houx P, Jolles J, Vreeling F (1993) Stroop interference—aging effects assessed with the stroop color-word test. Exp Aging Res 19(3):209–224PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Keijser N, Piersma D, Postema F, Venema BJ, Luiten PGM, Riedel G et al (2011) Improved cognitive performance as a result of whole body stimulation in mice and men. In: The 9th Dutch Endo-Neuro-Psycho (ENP) Meeting:125Google Scholar
  22. Koerts J, Van Beilen M, Tucha O, Leenders KL, Brouwer WH (2011) Executive functioning in daily life in parkinson’s disease: initiative, planning and multi-task performance. PLoS One 6(12):e29254PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Kooij JJS, Buitelaar JK, Van den Oord EJ, Furer JW, Rijnders CAT, Hodiamont PPG (2005) Internal and external validity of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in a population-based sample of adults. Psychol Med 35(6):817–827PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Lahr MMH, Postema F, Venema BJ, Luiten PGM, Riedel G et al (2009) Whole body stimulation functions as a cognitive enhancer in young and old mice. In: 8th Dutch Endo-Neuro-Psycho Meeting Abstract 170Google Scholar
  25. Lam FMH, Lau RWK, Chung RCK, Pang MYC (2012) The effect of whole body vibration on balance, mobility and falls in older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Maturitas 72(3):206–213PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Lange KW, Reichl S, Lange KM, Tucha L, Tucha O (2010) The history of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2:241–255PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Ljungberg JK, Neely G (2007) Stress, subjective experience and cognitive performance during exposure to noise and vibration. J Environ Psychol 27(1):44–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Ljungberg J, Neely G, Lundstrom R (2004) Cognitive performance and subjective experience during combined exposures to whole-body vibration and noise. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 77(3):217–221PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Mueller SV, von Schweder AJ, Frank B, Dengler R, Munte TF, Johannes S (2002) The effects of proprioceptive stimulation on cognitive processes in patients after traumatic brain injury. Arch Phy Med Rehabil 83(1):115–121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Pinto NS, Monteiro MB, Meyer PF, Santos-Filho SD, Azevedo-Santos F, Bernardo RM, Paiva D, Thompson D, Missailidis S, Marín PJ, Haas CT, Bernardo-Filho M (2010) The effects of whole-body-vibration exercises in Parkinson´s disease: a short review. J Med Med Sci 2(1):594–600Google Scholar
  31. Poulton EC (1978) Increased vigilance with vertical vibration at 5-hz—alerting mechanism. Appl Ergon 9(2):73–76PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Regterschot GRH, Van Heuvelen MJG, Zeinstra EB, Fuermaier ABM, Tucha L et al (2014) Whole body vibration improves cognition in healthy young adults. PLoS One 9(6):e100506PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Sandover J, Champion DF (1984) Some effects of a combined noise and vibration environment on a mental arithmetic task. J Sound Vib 95(2):203–212CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Santos-Filho SD, Cameron MH, Bernardo-Filho M (2012) Benefits of whole-body vibration with an oscillating platform for people with multiple sclerosis: a systematic review. Mult Scler Int 2012:274728PubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Santos-Filho SD, Monteiro MOB, Paiva DN, Arnóbio A, de Paoli S, da Cunha Sá-Caputo D, de Oliveira Guedes-Aguiar E, Presta GA, Marin PJ, Bernardo-Filho M (2014) Possible benefits of the whole body vibration in the treatment of complications in stroke patients. Br J Med Med Res 4(7):1539–1551CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Schepers J (2007) The construction and evaluation of an attention questionnaire. SA J Ind Psychol 33(2):16–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Schmand B, Groenink SC, van den Dungen M (2008) Letter fluency: psychometric properties and Dutch normative data. Tijdschr Gerontol Geriatr 39(2):64–76PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Schoechlin C, Engel RR (2005) Neuropsychological performance in adult attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: meta-analysis of empirical data. Arch Clin Neuropsychol 20(6):727–744PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Sherwood N, Griffin MJ (1990) Effects of whole-body vibration on short-term-memory. Aviat Space Environ Med 61(12):1092–1097PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Sherwood N, Griffin MJ (1992) Evidence of impaired learning during whole-body vibration. J Sound Vib 152(2):219–225CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Stewart JM, Karman C, Montgomery LD, McLeod KJ (2005) Plantar vibration improves leg fluid flow in perimenopausal women. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 288(3):623–629CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Stroop JR (1935) Studies of interference in serial verbal reactions. Exp Psychol 18:643–662CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Timmer M, Van der Zee EA, Riedel G (2006) Whole body vibration and behavior: investigation of the role of various neurotransmitter systems. Fed Eur Neurosci Soc Abstr 3(089):31Google Scholar
  44. Tucha O, Mecklinger L, Laufkötter R, Kaunzinger I, Paul GM, Klein HE et al (2005) Clustering and switching on verbal and figural fluency functions in adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Cogn Neuropsychiatry 10(3):231–248PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Tucha O, Mecklinger L, Laufkoetter R, Klein HE, Walitza S, Lange KW (2006) Methylphenidate-induced improvements of various measures of attention in adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. J Neural Transm 113(10):1575–1592PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Tucha L, Tucha O, Laufkoetter R, Walitza S, Klein HE, Lange KW (2008) Neuropsychological assessment of attention in adults with different subtypes of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. J Neural Transm 115(2):269–278PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Tucha L, Tucha O, Walitza S, Sontag TA, Laufkoetter R, Linder M et al (2009) Vigilance and sustained attention in children and adults with ADHD. J Atten Disord 12(5):410–421PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Tucha L, Tucha O, Sontag TA, Stasik D, Laufkoetter R, Lange KW (2011) Differential effects of methylphenidate on problem solving in adults with ADHD. J Atten Disord 15(2):161–173PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Van der Zee EA, Riedel G, Rutgers EH, De Vries C, Postema F, Venema BJ et al (2010) Enhanced neuronal activity in selective brain regions of mice induced by whole body stimulation. Fed Eur Neurosci Soc Abstr 5(024):49Google Scholar
  50. Verster JC, Bekker EM, Kooij JJS, Buitelaar JK, Verbaten MN, Volkerts ER et al (2010) Methylphenidate significantly improves declarative memory functioning of adults with ADHD. Psychopharmacology 212(2):277–281PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Vidal-Estrada R, Bosch-Munso R, Nogueira-Morais M, Casas-Brugue M, Ramos-Quiroga JA (2012) Psychological treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in adults: a systematic review. Actas Esp Psiquiatr 40(3):147–154PubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. Wechsler D (1987) Wechsler memory scale-revised. Psychological Corporation, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  53. Wigal SB (2009) Efficacy and safety limitations of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder pharmacotherapy in children and adults. CNS Drugs 23:13–21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Wigal T, Swanson JM, Regino R, Lerner MA, Soliman I, Steinhoff K et al (1999) Stimulant medications for the treatment of ADHD: efficacy and limitations. Ment Retard Dev Disabil Res Rev 5(3):215–224CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Wilens TE, Spencer TJ, Biederman J (2002) A review of the pharmacotherapy of adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. J Atten Disord 5(4):189–202PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Zimmermann P, Fimm B (2002) Test battery for attentional performance (TAP). Psytest, HerzogenrathGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anselm B. M. Fuermaier
    • 1
    Email author
  • Lara Tucha
    • 1
  • Janneke Koerts
    • 1
  • Meinris van den Bos
    • 1
  • G. Ruben H. Regterschot
    • 2
  • Edzard B. Zeinstra
    • 2
    • 3
  • Marieke J. G. van Heuvelen
    • 2
  • Eddy A. van der Zee
    • 3
  • Klaus W. Lange
    • 4
  • Oliver Tucha
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Clinical and Developmental Neuropsychology, Faculty of Behavioural and Social SciencesUniversity of GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Center for Human Movement SciencesUniversity of GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Department of Molecular Neurobiology, Center of Behaviour and NeuroscienceUniversity of GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands
  4. 4.Department of Experimental PsychologyUniversity of RegensburgRegensburgGermany

Personalised recommendations