Contemporary Jewry

, Volume 29, Issue 2, pp 115–125 | Cite as

Migration Patterns to and from Israel

  • Yinon CohenEmail author


Israel’s migration patterns have been conducive in several ways to the demographic success of Zionism and Israel since 1947. In addition to the decisive success with respect to the growth in the number of Jews in Israel, their proportion in the Israeli population, and the proportion of world Jewry residing in Israel, following the 1967 war Israel attracted immigrants of higher educational level than those arriving during the 1950s and 1960s. In addition, Israel has been successful in keeping emigration rates of Jews relatively low during most years, including the last decade. Moreover, the rate of return migration among Israeli-born Jewish emigrants has been relatively high and the returnees highly educated compared to non-returning emigrants. Finally, it seems that Israel has been quite successful in integrating into Israeli society non-Jewish immigrants from the former Soviet Republics. However, this cannot be said about the non-Jewish labor migrants who arrived in Israel since the early 1990.


Immigration Emigration Israel Immigrants’ skills 


  1. Bank of Israel. 2005. Annual report. Jerusalem (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  2. Bank of Israel. 2006. Annual report. Jerusalem (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  3. Ben David, D. Forthcoming. Soaring minds: The flight of Israel’s economists. Contemporary Economic Policy.Google Scholar
  4. Bensimon, D., and S. DellaPergola. 1986. La Population Juive de France: Socio-Démographie et Identité (Jewish Population Studies 17). Paris: The Institute of Contemporary Jewry the Hebrew University and Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique.Google Scholar
  5. Cohen, Y. 2002. From haven to heaven: changing patterns of immigration to Israel. In Citizenship and Identity: Germany and Israel in comparative perspective, ed. D. Levy and Y. Weiss, 36–56. New York: Berghahn Books.Google Scholar
  6. Cohen, Y. 1996. Economic assimilation in the U.S. of Arab and Jewish immigrants from Israel and the territories. Israel Studies 1: 75–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cohen, Y. Forthcoming. Who needs and who wants merit pay in Israel’s Universities. Economic Quarterly (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  8. Cohen, Y., and Y. Haberfeld. 1997. The number of Israeli immigrants in the U.S. in 1990. Demography 34: 199–212.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cohen, Y., and Y. Haberfeld. 2001. Self-selection and return migration: Israeli-born Jews returning home from the United States during the 1980s. Population Studies 55: 79–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cohen, Y., and Y. Haberfeld. 2007. Self-selection and earning assimilation: immigrants from the Former Soviet Union in Israel and the US. Demography 44: 649–668.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Cohen, Y., and I. Kogan. 2005. Jewish immigrants from the Former Soviet Union in Germany and Israel. The Leo Baeck Yearbook 50: 249–265.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Cohen, Y., and I. Kogan. 2007. Next year in Jerusalem … or in Cologne? Labor Market Integration of Jewish Immigrants from the Former Soviet Union in Israel and Germany in the 1990s. European Sociological Review 23: 155–168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. DellaPergola, S. 1986. Aliya and other Jewish migrations: Toward an integrated perspective. In Studies in the population of Israel in Honor of Roberto Bachi (Scripta Hierosolymitana 30), ed. U.O. Schmelz and G. Nathan, 172–209. Jerusalem: Magnes Press.Google Scholar
  14. DellaPergola, S. 1998. The global context of migration to Israel. In Immigration to Israel: Sociological perspectives (Studies of Israeli Society 8), ed. E. Leshem and J.T. Shuval, 51–92. New Brunswick-London: Transaction.Google Scholar
  15. Gould, E., and O. Moav. 2007. Israel’s brain drain. Israel Economic Review 5: 1–22.Google Scholar
  16. Grodzinsky, Y. 2004. In the shadow of the holocaust: The struggle between Jews and Zionists in the aftermath of World War II. Monroe, Maine: Common Courage Press.Google Scholar
  17. Hacohen, D. 2003. Immigrants in turmoil: Mass immigration to Israel and its repercussions in the 1950s and after. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Harpaz, Y. 2009. Israelis obtaining citizenship in European countries. MA Thesis, Department of Sociology, Tel Aviv University (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  19. Hleihel, A., and E. Ben-Moshe 2002. Measuring emigration from Israel. Paper presented at MEDSTAT Program on Migration Statistics, Rome.Google Scholar
  20. Ilan, A. 1982. History of Rumanian Jews in Rumania and Israel. Holon: The Historical Socieity for the Study of the Rumanian Jews (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  21. Israel, Central Bureau of Statistics. 2007. Emigration of Israelis—2005. Press Release 153/2007, by M. Sheps, August 14. Jerusalem (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  22. Israel, Central Bureau of Statistics. 2008a. Statistical abstracts of Israel. No. 59. Jerusalem.Google Scholar
  23. Israel, Central Bureau of Statistics. 2008b. Departures and Returns of Israelis Staying Abroad Continuously for than One Year. Press Release 157/2008, by M. Sheps, August 14. Jerusalem (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  24. Kass D., and S. M. Lipset 1979. Israelis in exile. Commentary, November: 68–72.Google Scholar
  25. Lahis, S. 1980. Israelis in America. Jerusalem: The Jewish Agency.Google Scholar
  26. Lazin, F. 2005. The struggle for Soviet Jewry in American politics. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.Google Scholar
  27. Lewin-Epstein, N., M. Semyonov, I. Kogan, and R. Wanner. 2003. Institutional structure and immigrant integration: A comparative study of immigrants’ labor market attainment in Canada and Israel. International Migration Review 37: 389–420.Google Scholar
  28. Lustick, I. 2004. Recent trends in emigration from Israel: The impact of Palestinian violence. Presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Israel Studies, Jerusalem, Israel.Google Scholar
  29. Neeman, R. 1990. Anthropological study of the Association of Rumanian Immigrants. Ph.D. thesis, Dept. of Sociology and Anthropology, Tel Aviv University.Google Scholar
  30. Schmelz, U.O., S. DellaPergola, and U. Avner. 1991. Ethnic differences among Israeli Jews: A New Look (Jewish Population Studies 22). Jerusalem: The Hebrew University, and The American Jewish Committee.Google Scholar
  31. Segev, T. 1986. 1949: the First Israelis. NY: Henry Hold.Google Scholar
  32. Yediot Aharonot. 2003. The brain drain: One of five hi tech workers on the way abroad. December 11 (Hebrew).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Columbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations