Geoheritage

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Geodiversity Mapping and Relationship with Vegetation: A Regional-Scale Application in SE Brazil

  • Daniel Souza dos Santos
  • Kátia Leite Mansur
  • Elias Ribeiro de Arruda Jr
  • Marcelo Eduardo Dantas
  • Edgar Shinzato
Original Article

Abstract

The natural variability of geological, geomorphological, pedological, and hydrological elements can be described and assessed in terms of geodiversity. This geodiversity is intrinsically linked to biodiversity, since the physical environment provides the conditions in which biological elements develop. The use of geodiversity as a tool for environmental studies is of growing importance, describing and highlighting the importance of the physical environment and strengthening the idea of holistic approach of the nature. This work consisted of a qualitative mapping of the geodiversity in Armação dos Búzios municipality, in Rio de Janeiro State, southeastern Brazil. Based on integration of the physical environment elements, geodiversity units were defined, in which the geological substrate, relief forms, and soil types are similar. The hydrological influence was also taken into account in specific units. Subsequently, each geodiversity unit was analyzed in terms of its regional type of vegetation, in order to investigate the correlation between spatial distributions of the physical and biological environments. As a result, a Geodiversity Map of Armação dos Búzios was created, describing the physical environment of the area. The inclusion of data on vegetation types showed direct correspondence of the Geodiversity Map and the biological environment, since each geodiversity unit is occupied by specific vegetation types. This result shows that the use of geodiversity as a tool to understand vegetation distribution patterns is valid and should be explored further within the contexts of land management and nature conservation. It is expected that this product becomes a tool for territorial management and an incentive for the development of furthermore research focused on holistic approaches to nature.

Keywords

Geodiversity Vegetation Mapping Territorial management 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was funded by the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development and strongly supported by the Geological Survey of Brazil (CPRM). We would like to express our gratitude to Prof. Dr. José Carlos Sícoli Seoane, Prof. Dr. Renato Cabral Ramos, Profª. Drª. Úrsula Ruchkys de Azevedo, and two anonymous reviewers that contributed significantly for the improvement of this article.

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Copyright information

© The European Association for Conservation of the Geological Heritage 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel Souza dos Santos
    • 1
  • Kátia Leite Mansur
    • 1
  • Elias Ribeiro de Arruda Jr
    • 2
  • Marcelo Eduardo Dantas
    • 3
  • Edgar Shinzato
    • 3
  1. 1.Post-Graduation Program in GeologyFederal University of Rio de Janeiro (Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro—UFRJ)Rio de JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Geoenvironmental AnalysisFluminense Federal University (Universidade Federal Fluminense—UFF)NiteroiBrazil
  3. 3.Geological Survey of Brazil (Companhia de Pesquisas de Recursos Minerais—CPRM)Rio de JaneiroBrazil

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