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Religion and Robots: Towards the Synthesis of Two Extremes

  • Gabriele TrovatoEmail author
  • Loys De Saint Chamas
  • Masao Nishimura
  • Renato Paredes
  • Cesar Lucho
  • Alexander Huerta-Mercado
  • Francisco Cuellar
Article

Abstract

Humanity has been dreaming of robots since the ancient times. Historically, robots — originally called automata — have been the products of technology and faith. The relationship between robots and religion has disappeared in the last two centuries, as science and religion parted ways, and have typically been seen in opposition. Nowadays, as robots and AI are going to spread in human society, new possibilities and new ethical challenges are on the horizon. In this paper, we summarise the state of the art in robotics and religion, and propose a taxonomy for robot morphology that takes into account the factor of religion. The taxonomy encompasses the novel concept of ‘theomorphic robots’, referred to robots that carry the shape of something divine.

Keywords

Religion History Design Social robots 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of International Liberal StudiesWaseda UniversityTokyo-toJapan
  2. 2.Notre Dame de Vie InstituteSaint-DidierFrance
  3. 3.Graduate School of Letters, Arts and SciencesWaseda UniversityTokyoJapan
  4. 4.Department of PsychologyPontificia Universidad Católica del PerúLimaPeru
  5. 5.Department of Industrial DesignDelft University of TechnologyDelftNetherlands
  6. 6.Anthropological Section, Department of Social SciencesPontificia Universidad Católica del PerúLimaPeru
  7. 7.Mechatronic Specialty, Engineering DepartmentPontificia Universidad Católica del PerúLimaPeru

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