International Journal of Social Robotics

, Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 295–307 | Cite as

How Could Companion Robots Be Useful in Rural Schools?

  • Elizabeth Broadbent
  • Danielle Alexis Feerst
  • Seung Ho Lee
  • Hayley Robinson
  • Jordi Albo-Canals
  • Ho Seok Ahn
  • Bruce A. MacDonald


Robots in schools are generally seen as useful for teaching students about engineering and robotics, and as teaching assistants for scientific or foreign language subjects. Robots may be particularly useful in rural schools, due to the challenges rural areas face with low student numbers, low funding, a lack of specialist teachers, and isolation. To date, no studies have specifically investigated how companion robots might be useful in rural schools. This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate student and teacher views about how two companion robots could be useful in rural educational settings. 207 students and 22 teachers participated in 30-min sessions with two popular companion robots, Paro and iRobiQ. Questionnaires were given to all participants and observer ratings were made of student interactions with the robots. Overall, the robots were well-received. The majority of participants said they would like to have the robots at their schools. Girls gave significantly more positive responses about the robots than boys, although boys were more engaged with iRobiQ than girls. Children aged 5–12 and their teachers responded the most positively. Participants wanted the robots to be more interactive, and perceived that the most useful functions were helping children with autism, comforting children in sick bay, and repeating exercises for children who need help. This study suggests that in addition to having an assistant teacher role, companion robots may have a useful comforting role. The results inform designers about which applications to develop for robots in rural schools and which age groups to develop them for.


Education robots Companion Age Gender Students Teachers 



This study was funded by a University of Auckland Cares Seed Funding grant. We acknowledge the support of Buller and Central Plateau REAPs.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

E.Broadbent, B.MacDonald, & H.S.Ahn received funding from Yujin Robot Co. Ltd. for research on healthcare robots.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychological MedicineUniversity of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand
  2. 2.Occupational TherapyTufts UniversityBostonUSA
  3. 3.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringUniversity of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand
  4. 4.La SalleRamon Lull UniversityBarcelonaSpain

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