International Journal of Social Robotics

, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp 75–88 | Cite as

Effects of Experience and Workplace Culture in Human-Robot Team Interaction in Robotic Surgery: A Case Study

  • S. Cunningham
  • A. Chellali
  • I. Jaffre
  • J. Classe
  • C. G. L. Cao
Article

Abstract

Robots are being used in the operating room to aid in surgery, prompting changes to workflow and adaptive behavior by the users. This case study presents a methodology for examining human-robot team interaction in a complex environment, along with the results of its application in a study of the effects of experience and workplace culture, for human-robot team interaction in the operating room. The analysis of verbal and non-verbal events in robotic surgery in two different surgical teams (one in the US and one in France) revealed differences in workflow, timeline, roles, and communication patterns as a function of experience and workplace culture. Longer preparation times and more verbal exchanges related to uncertainty in use of the robotic equipment were found for the French team, who also happened to be less experienced. This study offers an effective method for studying human-robot team interaction and has implications for the future design and training of teamwork with robotic systems in other complex work environments.

Keywords

Human-robot interaction Robotic surgery Verbal communication Workflow Workplace culture 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Cunningham
    • 1
  • A. Chellali
    • 1
    • 2
  • I. Jaffre
    • 3
  • J. Classe
    • 3
  • C. G. L. Cao
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Tufts UniversityMedfordUSA
  2. 2.Ecole des Mines de NantesNantesFrance
  3. 3.Institut de Cancérologie de l’OuestNantesFrance
  4. 4.Wright State UniversityDaytonUSA

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