Skip to main content

Advertisement

Log in

Investigation on People Living with Seal Robot at Home

Analysis of Owners’ Gender Differences and Pet Ownership Experience

  • Published:
International Journal of Social Robotics Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

This study examined people living with Paro, a seal robot, and how they interact with it. Questionnaires were sent along with Paro to the owners who could voluntarily choose to respond. Eighty-five responses were obtained and analyzed in terms of gender, preference for animals, and pet ownership experience. The results showed that for females, besides “can touch and hug,” “tactile texture” is also an important reason for keeping Paro. In addition, owners’ preference for animals seems to influence how they touch Paro. Owners who have a dislike or no preference for animals tend to touch Paro differently than do those who like animals, seemingly because of their different playing styles. Moreover, owners who have pet ownership experience tend to talk to Paro more when they wake up and go to sleep compared to owners who have never kept pets. Furthermore, owners who have pet ownership experience demand a “collar” as an accessory for Paro more than do those who have no previous experience of keeping pets. This paper presents and analyzes data on the effects of owners’ gender and pet ownership experience on their interactions with Paro.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  1. Previde E, Fallani G, Valsecchi P (2006) Gender differences in owners interacting with pet dogs: an observational study. Ethology 112:64–73

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Fujita M (2004) On activating human communications with pet-type robot AIBO. Proc IEEE 92(11):1804–1813

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Kato S, Ohshiro S, Itoh H, Kimura K (2004) Development of a communication robot Ifbot. In: Proceedings of the IEEE international conference on robotics and automation, vol 1, pp 697–702

    Google Scholar 

  4. Weiss A, Wurhofer D, Tscheligi M (2009) I Love This dog—children’s emotional attachment to the robotic dog AIBO. Int J Soc Robot 1(3):243–248

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Shibata T (2004) An overview of human interactive robots for psychological enrichment. Proc IEEE 92(11):1749–1758

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Wada K, Shibata T, Musha T, Kimura S (2008) Robot therapy for elders affected by dementia. In: IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology, pp 53–60

    Google Scholar 

  7. Shibata T, Wada K, Ikeda Y, Sabanovic S (2009) Cross-cultural studies on subjective evaluation of a seal robot. Adv Robot 23:443–458

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Shibata T, Kawaguchi Y, Wada K (2009) Investigation on people living with Paro at home—effects of sex difference and owners’ animal preference. In: Proceedings of the 18th IEEE international symposium on robot and human interactive communication, pp 1131–1136

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  9. Shibata T, Tanie K (2001) Physical and affective interaction between human and mental commit robot. In: Proceedings of the IEEE, international conference on robotics & automation, Seoul, Korea, May 2001, pp 2572–2577

    Google Scholar 

  10. Wada K, Shibata T, Musha T, Kimura S (2008) Robot therapy for elders affected by dementia. In IEEE engineering in medicine and biology, pp 53–60

    Google Scholar 

  11. Martin CL, Little JK (1990) The relation of gender understanding to children’s sex-type preferences and gender stereotypes. Child Dev 61:1427–1439

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Thompson DF (1990) Adult sex typing of children’s toys. Sex Roles 23(5–6):291–303

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Tamura T, Nakajima K, Nambu M (2001) Baby dolls as therapeutic tools for severe dementia patients. Gerontechnology 1(2):111–118

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Kweon S, Lee E, Choi J (2004) A comparative study on the subjective fabric hand according to gender for winter sleepwear fabrics. Fiber Polym 5(1):6–11

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Yukitaka Kawaguchi.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Shibata, T., Kawaguchi, Y. & Wada, K. Investigation on People Living with Seal Robot at Home. Int J of Soc Robotics 4, 53–63 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12369-011-0111-1

Download citation

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12369-011-0111-1

Keywords

Navigation