Evaluation of the Parasitism Capacity of Egg Parasitoid Telenomus dignus on Chilo sacchariphagus

Abstract

Telenomus dignus is an important egg parasitoid of sugarcane stem borers in China. Parasitism characteristics of T. dignus were studied by the methods of its functional response and the laboratory population life table. Results showed that the parasitism capacity of T. dignus on Chilo sacchariphagus showed a functional response of Holling II model. The maximum parasitism capacity was 66.23 eggs per female at the first day. The searching efficiency was 1.0917. The processing time was 0.0151, and the correlation coefficient was 0.9041, significant. The population life table of T. dignus was established in laboratory. The average life span of females was 6.9 days, which ranged from 3 to 13 days. The number of parasitized eggs on the first day of emergence accounted for about 33% of total number of eggs laid in a lifetime, while it reached approximately 60% in the first three days. The net fecundity and the average number of parasitized eggs were 42.35 and 77.9 per female, respectively. As the dominant natural enemy, T. dignus proved to be a remarkable egg parasitoid of C. sacchariphagus, providing a basis for using T. dignus to control C. sacchariphagus in sugarcane areas.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2

References

  1. Cave, R.D., and M.J. Gaylor. 1989. Functional response of Telenomus reynoldii (Hym: Scelionidae) at the five constant temperatures and in an artificial plant arena. Entomophaga 34: 3–10.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Chen, P.N., C. Hu, and J.A. Cheng. 1991. The functional response and mutual interference of Telenomus theophilae Wu et Chen. Acta Agriculturae Universitatis Zhejiangensis 17: 396–400.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Ding, Y.Q. 1994. Mathematical ecology of insects, vol. 155, 2nd ed. Beijing: Beijing Science Press.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Du, W.M., L.S. Zang, J.J. Zhang, Y.H. Qi, and C.C. Ruan. 2016. Functional response and numerical response of two geographic populations of Trichogramma dendrolimi to the eggs of rice moth, Corcyra cephalonica. Scientia Agricultura Sinica 49: 4669–4676.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Fang, F., K.P. Lai, Y.Q. Ye, S.P. Wei, J. Wang, and M.X. Gong. 2010. Field efficacy of chlorpyrifos cartap granule (8%) in controlling sugarcane borer. Guangxi Agricultural Sciences 41: 24–26.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. Goebel, F.R., and A. Nikpay. 2017. Integrated pest management in sugarcane cropping systems. In Integrated pest management in tropical regions, ed. C. Rapisarda and G.E. Massimino-Cocuzza, 113–133. Wallingford: CAB International.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Hassell, M.P. 1978. The dynamics of arthropod predator-prey systems. Monograph Population Biology 13: 1–237.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Holling, C.S. 1959a. The components of predation as revealed by a study of small mammal predation of the European pine sawfly. Canadian Entomologist 91: 293–320.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Holling, C.S. 1959b. Some characteristics of simple types of predation and parasitism. Canadian Entomologist 91: 385–398.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Holling, C.S. 1966. The functional response of invertebrate predators to prey density. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada 98 (S48): 5–86.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Huang, S.S., Y.Z. Dai, and D.Z. Wu. 1996. The establishment and application of the experimental population life tables of Trichogramma spp. on different hosts. Acta phytophylacica sinica 3: 209–212.

    Google Scholar 

  12. Jin, Z.K. 1994. A new fitting method of Holling disk equation. Natural Enemies of Insects 18: 183–186.

    Google Scholar 

  13. Morris, P. 1963. Predictive population equations based on key factors. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada 95: 16–21.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Nikpay, A., H. Kord, F.R. Goebel, and P. Sharafizadeh. 2014. Assessment of natural parasitism of sugarcane moth borers Sesamia spp. by Telenomus busseolae. Sugar Tech 16: 325–328.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Ou, X.M., H.H. Jiang, and C.M. Chen. 1998. Functional response of Telenomus euproctidis Wilcox (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae) to its host Euproctis Pseudoconspersa Strand (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae). Natural Enemies of Insects 20: 13–18.

    Google Scholar 

  16. Ou, H.Y., L. Ruan, M. Luo, Y.J. Cen, Y.R. He, and M.Y. Tian. 2006. Parasitizing capacity of several Trichogrammatid species on Ocinara varians. Chinese Bulletin of Entomology 243: 669–672.

    Google Scholar 

  17. Pan, X.H., C.H. Huang, X.K. Shang, J.L. Wei, and B.H. Wang. 2012. Investigation on egg parasitoids of Chilo sacchariphagus Bojer in central and south Guangxi. Journal of Southern Agricultural 43: 784–787.

    Google Scholar 

  18. Pan, X.H., C.H. Huang, X.K. Shang, J.L. Wei, S.H. Lin, and B.H. Wang. 2013. Investigation on egg parasitoids of sugarcane borers In Guangxi Province, China. Proceedings of the International Society of Sugar Cane Technologists 28: 137–140.

    Google Scholar 

  19. Pan, X.H., C.H. Huang, X.K. Shang, J.L. Wei, S.H. Lin, and D.Y. Xin. 2016. Distribution and natural parasitism rate of egg parasitoids of sugarcane borers in China. Proceedings of the International Society of Sugar Cane Technologists 29: 481–484.

    Google Scholar 

  20. Pan, X.H., X.K. Shang, J.L. Wei, and C.H. Huang. 2019. Influence of temperature on the development of the natural enemy Telenomus dignus. Southwest China Journal of Agricultural Sciences 32: 539–543.

    Google Scholar 

  21. Qin, Z.Q., F.R. Goebel, D.W. Li, J.J. Wei, X.P. Song, Y.W. Luo, L. Liu, and Z.Y. Deng. 2018. Occurrence of Telenomus dignus (Gahan) on the Sugarcane Borers, Scirpophaga intacta Snellen and Chilo sacchariphagus Bojer in Guangxi Province, China. Sugar Tech 20: 725–729.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  22. Rukai, C., and Z. Yuan. 2010. Sugarcane production and research in China. Proceedings of International Society of Sugarcane Technologists 27: 1–7.

    Google Scholar 

  23. Shang, X.K., and C.H. Huang. 2010. Research progress in the control techniques of sugarcane borer. Anhui Agricultural Sciences 38: 20064–20066.

    Google Scholar 

  24. Showler, A., and T. Reagan. 2012. Ecology and tactics of control for three sugarcane stalkboring species in the Western Hemisphere and Africa. In Sugarcane: Production, Cultivation and Uses, ed. J. Goncalves and K. Correia, 1–15. New York: Nova Science.

    Google Scholar 

  25. Watt, K.E.F. 1963. Mathematical population models for five agricultural crop pests. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada 95: 83–91.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  26. Wu, W.J., and G.W. Liang. 1989. Review of methods fitting Holling disk equation. Natural Enemies of Insects 11: 96–100.

    Google Scholar 

  27. Xu, R.M. 1987. Population ecology of insects, 61–82. Beijing: Beijing Normal University Publication.

    Google Scholar 

  28. Zhou, J.Z., and C.M. Chen. 1986. Predation of Wolf Spider, Lycosa peseudoannulata on brown plant hopper, Nilaparvata lugens, and its simulation model functional response. Chinese Journal of Biological Control 2: 2–9.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Funding

This present study was supported by the Grants from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31660534), China Agriculture Research System (CARS-170305), Guangxi Natural Science Foundation (2016GXNSFBA380125) and Guangxi Academy of Agriculture Sciences Fund (GNK2015YT06).

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Xue-Hong Pan.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Pan, XH., Wei, JL., Shang, XK. et al. Evaluation of the Parasitism Capacity of Egg Parasitoid Telenomus dignus on Chilo sacchariphagus. Sugar Tech 22, 792–797 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12355-020-00823-0

Download citation

Keywords

  • Chilo sacchariphagus
  • Telenomus dignus
  • Functional response
  • Life table
  • Parasitism ability