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Biological control of sugarcane smut (Sporisorium scitamineum) through botanicals and Trichoderma viride

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Culmicolus smut (Sporisorium scitamineum Meike), the sett borne pathogen causes considerable loss to sugarcane productivity especially to ratoon crop. Use of fungicides may cause environmental hazards besides residual problem. Therefore, twenty five plant species and Trichoderma viride was evaluated in vitro against smut pathogen (Sporisorium scitamineum). Out of twenty five plant species, leaf extracts (10%) of Calendula officinalis, Solanum nigrum and culture filtrate (5%) T. viride (bioagent) inhibited mycelial growth and teliospore germination of S. scitemineum. In plant crop, smut incidence was 2.07% in dipping of infected setts in leaf extract of S. nigrum before planting, while in remaining treatments it ranged between 3.38 to 7.28% as against 11.3% in control. In ratoon crop, the smut incidence was 5.38% in the same treatment, while in rest of the treatments it ranged between 6.85 to 9.94 per cent as against 15.3% in control. However, sett treatment with T. viride culture filtrate (5.0%) was superior among all the treatments as it improved germination (6.2%), millable canes (27.33%) and cane cane yield (38.18%) in plant crop and sprouting of clumps (12.57%), millable canes (51.46%) and yield (48.75%) in ratoon crop, respectively.

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Correspondence to Ram Ji Lal.

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Lal, R.J., Sinha, O.K., Bhatnagar, S. et al. Biological control of sugarcane smut (Sporisorium scitamineum) through botanicals and Trichoderma viride . Sugar Tech 11, 381–386 (2009).

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