Operational Research

, Volume 17, Issue 3, pp 747–759 | Cite as

Alternative approaches to constructing composite indicators: an application to construct a Sustainable Energy Index for APEC economies

Original Paper


Existing literature about constructing composite indicators (CIs) mainly depend on weighting sub-indicators. In this paper, we first use a state-of-the-art MCDM method with mild weights restrictions to aggregate sub-indicators, without determining exact values of weights. We take into consideration of all possible importance rankings of sub-indicators to construct CIs. Two alternative approaches, namely, minimizing the total deviation from the ideal point and minimizing the mean absolute deviation, are then proposed to develop weighting schemes with respect to all sub-indicators sequences. The proposed approaches are applied to construct a Sustainable Energy Index for eighteen APEC economies.


Composite indicators Multiple criteria decision making Common weights Aggregation 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cheng Peng
    • 1
  • Xunbo Wu
    • 2
  • Yelin Fu
    • 3
  • Kin Keung Lai
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Economics and ManagementSouthwest University of Science and TechnologyMianyangChina
  2. 2.School of ManagementUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaHefeiChina
  3. 3.Department of Management SciencesCity University of Hong KongKowloon TongHong Kong
  4. 4.School of ManagementGuangdong University of TechnologyGuangzhouChina

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