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Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism

, Volume 3, Issue 2, pp 143–151 | Cite as

Effects of pulse consumption in women presenting components of the metabolic syndrome: a randomized controlled trial

  • Karine Gravel
  • Simone Lemieux
  • Geneviève Asselin
  • Alexandra Dufresne
  • André Lemay
  • Jean-Claude Forest
  • Sylvie Dodin
Original Article

Abstract

The objective of the study is to evaluate the effects of pulse consumption in women presenting at least two primary components of the metabolic syndrome (MS). One hundred and thirty-four women were randomly assigned to consume for a 16-week period either 750 ml of pulses weekly or control meals without pulses. Main outcomes measure were primary and secondary components of the MS and body fatness. A significant increase in dietary fibers and a significant decrease in dietary cholesterol were observed in the pulse group. For all components of the MS and body fatness, no significant differences were observed between the group consuming pulses or in the control group; however, plasma fibrinogen concentration decreased significantly only in the pulse group. In conclusion, a nutritional intervention providing 750 ml of pulses weekly had no effect on primary and secondary components of the MS and on body fatness.

Keywords

Nutritional intervention Pulses Women Metabolic syndrome Body fatness 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study is funded by grant from Pulse Canada. KG is a recipient of a studentship from Fonds de la recherche en santé du Québec. We acknowledge the contribution of Louise Corneau M.Sc RD for the elaboration of the meals and Monique Longpré for nursing assistance; CLIC who provided dry pulses; Pomerleau Maître traiteur for the preparation of meals. The authors express their gratitude to the participants for their motivation and implication throughout the study. Other than reviewing the initial grant proposal and protocol, the funding source had no role in study design, in collection, analyses and interpretation of data, in the writing of the paper, or in the decision to submit the manuscript for publication.

Conflict of interest statement

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karine Gravel
    • 1
    • 2
  • Simone Lemieux
    • 2
  • Geneviève Asselin
    • 1
  • Alexandra Dufresne
    • 3
  • André Lemay
    • 1
  • Jean-Claude Forest
    • 1
  • Sylvie Dodin
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Québec (CHUQ)Hôpital Saint-François d’AssiseQuebecCanada
  2. 2.Pavillon des Services, Institut des Nutraceutiques et des Aliments Fonctionnels (INAF)Université LavalQuebecCanada
  3. 3.Centre de Recherche du Centre Hospitalier de l’Université Laval (CRCHUL)QuebecCanada

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