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Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism

, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp 103–109 | Cite as

Nutrition-linked chronic disease and periodontitis: are they the two faces of the same coin?

  • Juan Manuel Morillo
  • Pedro Bullon
  • María del Carmen Ramirez-Tortosa
  • José Luis Quiles
  • Hubert N. Newman
  • Enrico Bertoli
  • Maurizio Battino
Review

Abstract

There is increasing evidence of a relationship between periodontitis and several nutrition-linked chronic conditions, such as obesity, dyslipidaemia and metabolic syndrome, with a putative bidirectional influence between periodontal disease and each condition. An association between several dietary factors and the progression of periodontitis is relevant to this relationship. Thus, omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin C, lactic acid foods, soy products and a diet rich in vegetables and fresh food appear to be favourable for better periodontal health, whereas a lipid-rich diet may be detrimental to periodontal tissues.

Keywords

Oxidative stress Inflammation Dyslipidaemia Obesity Metabolic syndrome Diet Periodontitis 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Juan Manuel Morillo
    • 1
  • Pedro Bullon
    • 1
  • María del Carmen Ramirez-Tortosa
    • 2
  • José Luis Quiles
    • 2
  • Hubert N. Newman
    • 3
  • Enrico Bertoli
    • 4
  • Maurizio Battino
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of PeriodontologyDental School, University of SevillaSevilleSpain
  2. 2.Institute of Nutrition and Food TechnologyUniversity of GranadaGranadaSpain
  3. 3.University College LondonLondonUK
  4. 4.Department of Biochemistry, Biology and Genetics Faculty of MedicineUniversità Politecnica delle MarcheAnconaItaly

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