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Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology

, Volume 6, Issue 2, pp 139–144 | Cite as

Drug-induced liver injury associated with Agaricus blazei Murill which is very similar to autoimmune hepatitis

  • Akiko HisamochiEmail author
  • Masayoshi Kage
  • Teruko Arinaga
  • Tatsuya Ide
  • Ichiro Miyajima
  • Kei Ogata
  • Reiichiro Kuwahara
  • Yuriko Koga
  • Ryukichi Kumashiro
  • Michio Sata
Case Report

Abstract

Agaricus blazei Murill (ABM) is one of the most popular complementary alternative medicines (CAM). We experienced a case of a 60-year-old woman with severe hepatitis associated with extract of ABM and extract of Ganoderma lucidum, and a case of a 75-year-old man with drug-induced liver injury (DILI) associated with extract of ABM and fucoidan. Their clinical courses from the start of CAM until the onset of DILI were observed unexpectedly, because they were under observation for stable malignant neoplasms: stage III malignant thymoma and stage IV lung cancer, respectively. However, they did not talk about taking CAM with their physicians. There were two common points between these two cases. First, they were diagnosed as compatible with DILI by using an international diagnostic scale, the Roussel Uclaf Causality Assessment Method. The second point was that histological findings of the liver were very similar to autoimmune hepatitis (AIH). In addition, serum immunoglobulin G and zinc sulfate turbidity tests gradually increased from the start of CAM to the onset of DILI. Their clinical course and liver histology suggested that the immunostimulating action of ABM caused liver injury which was very similar to that seen in AIH.

Keywords

Drug-induced liver injury Autoimmune hepatitis Liver histology Agaricus blazei Murill Complementary alternative medicines 

Notes

Conflict of interest

The authors have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Akiko Hisamochi
    • 1
    • 4
    Email author
  • Masayoshi Kage
    • 2
  • Teruko Arinaga
    • 1
  • Tatsuya Ide
    • 1
  • Ichiro Miyajima
    • 1
  • Kei Ogata
    • 1
  • Reiichiro Kuwahara
    • 1
  • Yuriko Koga
    • 1
  • Ryukichi Kumashiro
    • 1
    • 3
  • Michio Sata
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Gastroenterology, Department of MedicineKurume University School of MedicineKurumeJapan
  2. 2.The Department of PathologyKurume University School of MedicineKurumeJapan
  3. 3.Office of Medical EducationKurume University School of MedicineKurumeJapan
  4. 4.Hisamochi Medical OfficeNakatsuJapan

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