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Clinical Analysis of 122 Cases with Mycoplasma Pneumonia Complicated with Atelectasis: A Retrospective Study

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This study aims to explore the clinical characteristics, treatment, and prognosis of mycoplasma pneumonia complicated with atelectasis.


A retrospective analysis was performed on 122 children with mycoplasma pneumonia complicated with atelectasis. These children were hospitalized in the Xiamen Campus of the Pediatric Hospital of Fudan University and the Children’s Hospital of Xiamen between December 2015 and December 2018. A diagnosis was made for each case on the basis of the clinical symptoms and signs, Mycoplasma pneumoniae-specific IgM antibody, and imaging results.


Among the 122 cases with mycoplasma pneumonia complicated with atelectasis, all cases had retractable M. pneumoniae infection, 102 cases underwent fibrobronchoscopic lavage treatment, and all cases were treated with macrolide antibiotics after a definite diagnosis was made. Furthermore, 107 cases improved and were discharged. Follow-up was performed for 3–4 weeks for all patients, and all patients, including the five cases with retractable disease, recovered well.


The major clinical manifestations for M. pneumoniae pneumonia are fever and stimulatory dry cough. Macrolide antibiotics remain the treatment of choice.

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We thank the participants of the study.


No funding or sponsorship was received for this study or publication of this article. The Rapid Service Fees were funded by the authors.


All named authors meet the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) criteria for authorship for this article, take responsibility for the integrity of the work as a whole, and have given their approval for this version to be published.


De-Quan Su, Zhi-Qiang Zhuo, and Jin-Fan Li declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Compliance with Ethics Guidelines

This study was conducted in accordance with the 1964 declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments and was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Children’s Hospital of Fudan University Xiamen Branch. Written informed consent was obtained from all participants.

Data Availability

The datasets generated during and/or analyzed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.

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Correspondence to Zhi-Qiang Zhuo.

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Su, DQ., Li, JF. & Zhuo, ZQ. Clinical Analysis of 122 Cases with Mycoplasma Pneumonia Complicated with Atelectasis: A Retrospective Study. Adv Ther 37, 265–271 (2020).

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