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Clinical Outcomes, Treatment Patterns, and Health Resource Utilization Among Metastatic Breast Cancer Patients with Germline BRCA1/2 Mutation: A Real-World Retrospective Study

Abstract

Introduction

With evolving treatment guidelines for germline BRCA1/2 mutation (gBRCAm) in breast cancer, we present the latest gBRCA testing rates among metastatic breast cancer (mBC) patients with hormone receptor-positive/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative (HR+/HER2−) or triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). Among these patients with gBRCAm, we analyzed clinical outcomes, treatment patterns, and health resource utilization (HRU).

Methods

The Flatiron Health electronic health record database was used to assess gBRCA testing rates in a real-world retrospective analysis of US patients at least 18 years old with HR+/HER2− or TNBC, and with mBC diagnosed from January 2011 to February 2018. Outcomes were compared between gBRCAm patients with HR+/HER2− vs TNBC, adjusting for imbalances utilizing inverse probability treatment weighting; effects of HR+/HER2− vs TNBC on overall survival (OS) were assessed, antineoplastic treatments summarized, and HRU analyzed using t tests.

Results

The study included 12,021 mBC patients (HR+/HER2−, 10,291; TNBC, 1730). Results for gBRCA testing were available for 2005 (16.7%) patients (HR+/HER2−, 1587; TNBC, 418). A total of 229 (1.9%) patients (HR+/HER2−, 165; TNBC, 64) had gBRCAm. Significantly worse OS in gBRCAm mBC was observed in TNBC vs HR+/HER2− [hazard ratio (95% confidence interval), 0.45 (0.27–0.74); p = 0.002]. Estimated median and 4-year OS rates for gBRCAm mBC patients with either HR+/HER2− or TNBC were 38.0 months, 23.4 months and 35.6%, 21.2% respectively. The most common first-line treatment post diagnosis for gBRCAm HR+/HER2− was letrozole (8%) vs capecitabine (14%) for gBRCAm TNBC. The number of HRU treatment visits per patient per year was significantly (p < 0.05) higher among gBRCAm mBC patients with TNBC vs HR+/HER2−.

Conclusion

Among HER2− mBC patients, gBRCA testing rates are low. Among gBRCAm HER2− mBC patients, the poor OS and HRU burden observed, especially in patients with TNBC, demonstrate an unmet need for more efficacious, targeted, and less HRU-intensive treatment options.

Funding

Pfizer.

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Acknowledgements

On October 16, 2018, Pfizer Inc. received approval from the US Food and Drug Administration regarding talazoparib, a poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor, for patients with deleterious or suspected deleterious germline BRCA-mutated (gBRCAm), HER2− negative locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer. We thank the participants whose data contributed to this study.

Funding

This study was sponsored by Pfizer Inc. Pfizer Inc. also funded the article processing charges associated with this publication. All authors had full access to all of the data in this study and take complete responsibility for the integrity of the data and accuracy of the data analysis.

Medical Writing and Editorial Assistance

Editorial and medical writing support was provided by Edwin Thrower, PhD, and Mary Kacillas at Ashfield Healthcare Communications and was funded by Pfizer Inc.

Authorship

All named authors meet the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) criteria for authorship for this article, take responsibility for the integrity of the work as a whole, and have given their approval for this version to be published.

Disclosures

Ruben G. W. Quek and Jack Mardekian are employees of Pfizer Inc.

Compliance with Ethics Guidelines

IRB approval is not required because the study does not involve the collection, use, or transmittal of individual identifiable data. Both the datasets and the security of the offices where the analysis was completed (and where the datasets are kept) meet the requirements of the HIPAA of 1996. This article is based on previously conducted studies and does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Data Availability

The datasets generated and analyzed during the current study are not publicly available based on the licensing agreement between Flatiron Health and Pfizer Inc.

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Correspondence to Ruben G. W. Quek.

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Quek, R.G.W., Mardekian, J. Clinical Outcomes, Treatment Patterns, and Health Resource Utilization Among Metastatic Breast Cancer Patients with Germline BRCA1/2 Mutation: A Real-World Retrospective Study. Adv Ther 36, 708–720 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12325-018-0867-x

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Keywords

  • Electronic health records
  • Germline BRCA mutation
  • Metastatic breast cancer