Lepor H. The evolution of alpha-blockers for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Rev Urol. 2006;8(Suppl 4):S3–9.
Levin RM, Longhurst PA, Monson FC, Kato K, Wein AJ. Effect of bladder outlet obstruction on the morphology, physiology, and pharmacology of the bladder. Prostate Suppl. 1990;3:9–26.
Macey MR, Raynor MC. Medical and surgical treatment modalities for lower urinary tract symptoms in the male patient secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia: a review. Semin Intervent Radiol. 2016;33(3):217–23. doi:10.1055/s-0036-1586142.
Lepor H. Pathophysiology, epidemiology, and natural history of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Rev Urol. 2004;6(Suppl 9):S3–10.
Fusco F, Palmieri A, Ficarra V, et al. α1-blockers improve benign prostatic obstruction in men with lower urinary tract symptoms: a systematic review and meta-analysis of urodynamic studies. Eur Urol. 2016;69(6):1091–101.
Oelke M, Bachmann A, Descazeaud A, et al. European Association of Urology. EAU guidelines on the treatment and follow-up of non-neurogenic male lower urinary tract symptomsincluding benign prostatic obstruction. Eur Urol. 2013;64(1):118–40.
Nitti VW. Pressure flow urodynamic studies: the gold standard for diagnosing bladder outlet obstruction. Rev Urol. 2005;7(Suppl 6):S14–21.
Jung YG, Kang MS, Heo J. Clustering performance comparison using K-means and expectation maximization algorithms. Biotechnol Biotechnol Equip. 2014;28(sup1):S44–8.
Akiyama K, Hora M, Tatemichi S, et al. KMD-3213, a uroselective and long-acting alpha(1a)-adrenoceptor antagonist, tested in a novel rat model. Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1999;291(1):81–91.
Tatemichi S, Kobayashi K, Yokoi R, et al. Comparison of the effects of four α1-adrenoceptor antagonists on ejaculatory function in rats. Urology. 2012;80(2):486.e9.
Kenny BA, Miller AM, Williamson IJ, O’Connell J, Chalmers DH, Naylor AM. Evaluation of the pharmacological selectivity profile of alpha 1 adrenoceptor antagonists at prostatic alpha 1 adrenoceptors: binding, functional and in vivo studies. Br J Pharmacol. 1996;118(4):871–8.
Lepor H. Pathophysiology of benign prostatic hyperplasia: insights from medical therapy for the disease. Rev Urol. 2009;11(Suppl 1):S9–13.
Abrams P, Speakman M, Stott M, Arkell D, Pocock R. A dose-ranging study of the efficacy and safety of tamsulosin, the first prostate-selective alpha 1A-adrenoceptor antagonist, in patients with benign prostatic obstruction (symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia). Br J Urol. 1997;80:587–96.
Yamanishi T, Yasuda K, Kamai T, et al. Single-blind, randomized controlled study of the clinical and urodynamic effects of an alpha-blocker (naftopidil) and phytotherapy (eviprostat) in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Int J Urol. 2004;11:501–9.
Rossi C, Kortmann BB, Sonke GS, et al. alpha-Blockade improves symptoms suggestive of bladder outlet obstruction but fails to relieve it. J Urol. 2001;165:38–41.
Witjes WP, Rosier PF, Caris CT, Debruyne FM, de la Rosette JJ. Urodynamic and clinical effects of terazosin therapy in symptomatic patients with and without bladder outlet obstruction: a stratified analysis. Urology. 1997;49:197–205.
Witjes WP, Rosier FW, de Wildt MJ, van Iersel MP, Debruyne FM, de La Rosette JJ. Urodynamic and clinical effects of terazosin therapy in patients with symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia. J Urol. 1996;155:1317–23.
Arnold EP. Tamsulosin in men with confirmed bladder outlet obstruction: a clinical and urodynamic analysis from a single centre in New Zealand. BJU Int. 2001;87:24–30.
Gerber GS, Kim JH, Contreras BA, Steinberg GD, Rukstalis DB. An observational urodynamic evaluation of men with lower urinary tract symptoms treated with doxazosin. Urology. 1996;47:840–4.
Yamanishi T, Mizuno T, Tatsumiya K, Watanabe M, Kamai T, Yoshida K. Urodynamic effects of silodosin, a new alpha 1A-adrenoceptor selective antagonist, for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Neurourol Urodyn. 2010;29:558–62.
Tanaka Y, Masumori N, Itoh N, et al. Urodynamic effects of terazosin treatment for Japanese patients with symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia. J Urol. 2002;167:2492–5.
Matsukawa Y, Gotoh M, Komatsu T, Funahashi Y, Sassa N, Hattori R. Efficacy of silodosin for relieving benign prostatic obstruction: prospective pressure flow study. J Urol. 2009;182:2831–5.
Martorana G, Giberti C, Di Silverio F, et al. Effects of short-term treatment with the alpha 1-blocker alfuzosin on urodynamic pressure/flow parameters in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia. Eur Urol. 1997;32:47–53.
Ozbey I, Aksoy Y, Polat O, Biçgi O, Demirel A, Okyar G. Effects of doxazosin in men with benign prostatic hyperplasia: urodynamic assessment. Int Urol Nephrol. 1999;31:471–9.
De Nunzio C, Franco G, Iori F, Leonardo C, Minardi V, Laurenti C. Clinical and pressure-flow changes after long-term treatment with alfuzosin SR. Urol Int. 2003;71:31–6.
Regadas RP, Reges R, Cerqueira JB, et al. Urodynamic effects of the combination of tamsulosin and daily tadalafil in men with lower urinary tract symptoms secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia: a randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Int Urol Nephrol. 2013;45:39–43.
Nishino Y, Masue T, Miwa K, Takahashi Y, Ishihara S, Deguchi T. Comparison of two alpha1-adrenoceptor antagonists, naftopidil and tamsulosin hydrochloride, in the treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms with benign prostatic hyperplasia: a randomized crossover study. BJU Int. 2006;97:747–51.
Gleason DM, Bottaccini MR. Effect of terazosin on urine storage and voiding in the aging male with prostatism. Neurourol Urodyn. 1994;13:1–12.
Sriplakich S, Promwatcharanon K. The resolution of detrusor over activity after medical and surgical treatment in patients with bladder outlet obstruction. J Med Assoc Thail. 2007;90:2326–31.
Wilson LC, Gilling PJ, Williams A, et al. A randomised trial comparing holmium laser enucleation versus transurethral resection in the treatment of prostates larger than 40 grams: results at 2 years. Eur Urol. 2006;50(3):569–73.
Montorsi F, Naspro R, Salonia A, et al. Holmium laser enucleation versus transurethral resection of the prostate: results from a 2-center, prospective, randomized trial in patients with obstructive benign prostatic hyperplasia. J Urol. 2004;172(5 Pt 1):1926–9.
Han DH, Choo SH, Chung JW, Hong JH, Lee SW. Can 80 W KTP laser vaporization effectively relieve the obstruction in benign prostatic hyperplasia? A nonrandomized trial. World J Mens Health. 2012;30(3):160–5.
Tan AH, Gilling PJ, Kennett KM, Frampton C, Westenberg AM, Fraundorfer MR. A randomized trial comparing holmium laser enucleation of the prostate with transurethral resection of the prostate for the treatment of bladder outlet obstruction secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia in large glands (40 to 200 grams). J Urol. 2003;170(4 Pt 1):1270–4.
Tuhkanen K, Heino A, Alaopas M. Hybrid laser treatment compared with transurethral resection of the prostate for symptomatic bladder outlet obstruction caused by a large benign prostate: a prospective, randomized trial with a 6-month follow-up. BJU Int. 1999;84(7):805–9.
Tuhkanen K, Heino A, Ala-Opas M. Contact laser prostatectomy compared to TURP in prostatic hyperplasia smaller than 40 ml. Six-month follow-up with complex urodynamic assessment. Scand J Urol Nephrol. 1999;33(1):31–4.
Mostafid AH, Harrison NW, Thomas PJ, Fletcher MS. A prospective randomized trial of interstitial radiofrequency therapy versus transurethral resection for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Br J Urol. 1997;80(1):116–22.
Thomas AW, Cannon A, Bartlett E, Ellis-Jones J, Abrams P. The natural history of lower urinary tract dysfunction in men: minimum 10-year urodynamic followup of transurethral resection of prostate for bladder outlet obstruction. J Urol. 2005;174(5):1887–91.
Pereira-Correia JA, de Moraes Sousa KD, Santos JB, et al. GreenLight HPS™ 120-W laser vaporization vs transurethral resection of the prostate (<60 mL): a 2-year randomized double-blind prospective urodynamic investigation. BJU Int. 2012;110(8):1184–9.
Wagrell L, Schelin S, Nordling J, et al. Feedback microwave thermotherapy versus TURP for clinical BPH—a randomized controlled multicenter study. Urology. 2002;60(2):292–9.
Aho TF, Gilling PJ, Kennett KM, Westenberg AM, Fraundorfer MR, Frampton CM. Holmium laser bladder neck incision versus holmium enucleation of the prostate as outpatient procedures for prostates less than 40 grams: a randomized trial. J Urol. 2005;174(1):210–4.
Wille S, Al Mahmid M, Schumacher P, et al. Urodynamic effect of 80 watt photoselective laser vaporization of the prostate. Scand J Urol. 2013;47(5):378–83.
Hamann MF, Naumann CM, Seif C, van der Horst C, Jünemann KP, Braun PM. Functional outcome following photoselective vaporisation of the prostate (PVP): urodynamic findings within 12 months follow-up. Eur Urol. 2008;54(4):902–7.
Burney TL, Desautel MG, Badlani GH. Evaluation of transurethral vaporization of prostate with pressure-flow analysis and other clinical measures. J Endourol. 1996;10(5):469–72.
Okada T, Terai A, Terachi T, Okada Y, Yoshida O. Transurethral electro-vaporization of the prostate: preliminary clinical results with pressure-flow analysis. Int J Urol. 1998;5(1):55–9 discussion 59–60.
Desautel MG, Burney TL, Diaz PA, Austria A, Badlani GH. Outcome of vaportrode transurethral vaporization of the prostate using pressure-flow urodynamic criteria. Urology. 1998;51(6):1013–7.
Porru D, Scarpa RM, Campus G, Delisa A, Montisci I, Usai E. Transurethral electro-vaporization of the prostate in benign prostatic hyperplasia. Evaluation of results using different urodynamic parameters. Scand J Urol Nephrol. 1998;32(2):123–6.
Shingleton WB, Kolski J, Renfroe DL, Fowler JE Jr. Electrovaporization of the prostate versus laser ablation of the prostate in men with benign prostatic hypertrophy: a pressure-flow analysis. Urol Int. 1998;60(4):224–8.
Campo B, Bergamaschi F, Corrada P, Ordesi G. Transurethral needle ablation (TUNA) of the prostate: a clinical and urodynamic evaluation. Urology. 1997;49(6):847–50.
Steele GS, Sleep DJ. Transurethral needle ablation of the prostate: a urodynamic based study with 2-year followup. J Urol. 1997;158(5):1834–8.
Alivizatos G, Ferakis N, Mitropoulos D, Skolarikos A, Livadas K, Kastriotis I. Feedback microwave thermotherapy with the ProstaLund Compact Device for obstructive benign prostatic hyperplasia: 12-month response rates and complications. J Endourol. 2005;19(1):72–8.
Thalmann GN, Mattei A, Treuthardt C, Burkhard FC, Studer UE. Transurethral microwave therapy in 200 patients with a minimum followup of 2 years: urodynamic and clinical results. J Urol. 2002;167(6):2496–501.
Thalmann GN, Graber SF, Bitton A, Burkhard FC, Gruenig O, Studer UE. Transurethral thermotherapy for benign prostatic hyperplasia significantly decreases infravesical obstruction: results in 134 patients after 1 year. J Urol. 1999;162(2):387–93.
Krogh J, Hansen F, Nordling J. Transurethral microwave thermotherapy for treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia: results obtained with the Prostalund device. World J Urol. 1998;16(2):115–9.
Wagrell L, Schelin S, Bolmsjö M, Brudin L. Intraprostatic temperature monitoring during transurethral microwave thermotherapy for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia. J Urol. 1998;159(5):1583–7.
Kojima M, Inui E, Ochiai A, et al. Reversible change of bladder hypertrophy due to benign prostatic hyperplasia after surgical relief of obstruction. J Urol. 1997;158(1):89–93.
Mirone V, Imbimbo C, Longo N, Fusco F. The detrusor muscle: an innocent victim of bladder outlet obstruction. Eur Urol. 2007;51(1):57–66.
Roehrborn CG, Cruz F, Fusco F. α1-Blockers in men with lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic obstruction: is silodosin different? Adv Ther. 2017;33(12):2110–21.
Creta M, Bottone F, Sannino S, Maisto E, Franco M, Mangiapia F, La Rocca R, Imperatore V, Longo N, Vivaldi O, Fusco F. Effects of alpha 1-blockers on urodynamic parameters of bladder outlet obstruction in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic enlargement: a review. Minerva Urol Nefrol. 2015. [Epub ahead of print].
Imperatore V, Fusco F, Creta M, et al. Medical expulsive therapy for distal ureteric stones: tamsulosin versus silodosin. Arch Ital Urol Androl. 2014;86(2):103–7.
Lepor H, Shapiro E. Characterization of alpha1 adrenergic receptors in human benign prostatic hyperplasia. J Urol. 1984;132(6):1226–9.
Lepor H, Tang R, Meretyk S, Shapiro E. Alpha 1 adrenoceptor subtypes in the human prostate. J Urol. 1993;149(3):640–2.
Kobayashi S, Tang R, Shapiro E, Lepor H. Characterization and localization of prostatic alpha 1 adrenoceptors using radioligand receptor binding on slide-mounted tissue section. J Urol. 1993;150(6):2002–6.
Walden PD, Gerardi C, Lepor H. Localization and expression of the alpha1A-1, alpha1B and alpha1D-adrenoceptors in hyperplastic and non-hyperplastic human prostate. J Urol. 1999;161(2):635–40.
Forray C, Bard JA, Wetzel JM, et al. The alpha 1-adrenergic receptor that mediates smooth muscle contraction in human prostate has the pharmacological properties of the cloned human alpha 1c subtype. Mol Pharmacol. 1994;45(4):703–8.