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The Cerebellum

, Volume 16, Issue 3, pp 695–741 | Cite as

Targeting the Cerebellum by Noninvasive Neurostimulation: a Review

  • Kim van Dun
  • Florian Bodranghien
  • Mario Manto
  • Peter Mariën
Review

Abstract

Transcranial magnetic and electric stimulation of the brain are novel and highly promising techniques currently employed in both research and clinical practice. Improving or rehabilitating brain functions by modulating excitability with these noninvasive tools is an exciting new area in neuroscience. Since the cerebellum is closely connected with the cerebral regions subserving motor, associative, and affective functions, the cerebello-thalamo-cortical pathways are an interesting target for these new techniques. Targeting the cerebellum represents a novel way to modulate the excitability of remote cortical regions and their functions. This review brings together the studies that have applied cerebellar stimulation, magnetic and electric, and presents an overview of the current knowledge and unsolved issues. Some recommendations for future research are implemented as well.

Keywords

Cerebellum TMS tDCS Functional connectivity Motor Cognitive Affective Clinical 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Kim van Dun is a doctoral researcher involved in project G035714N granted by the Fund for Scientific Research Flanders (FWO). This research was also funded by a Strategic Research Program (SPR15) awarded by the Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium.

Author’s Contributions

KvD searched the databases for relevant articles. The manuscript was drafted by KvD together with PM. MM and FB carefully read the manuscript and shared their expertise.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kim van Dun
    • 1
  • Florian Bodranghien
    • 2
  • Mario Manto
    • 2
    • 3
  • Peter Mariën
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Clinical and Experimental NeurolinguisticsVrije Universiteit BrusselBrusselsBelgium
  2. 2.Unité d’Etude du Mouvement, Laboratoire de Neurologie ExpérimentaleUniversité libre de Bruxelles (ULB)BrusselsBelgium
  3. 3.Service des NeurosciencesUniversité de MonsMonsBelgium
  4. 4.Department of Neurology and Memory ClinicZNA Middelheim General HospitalAntwerpBelgium

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