School Mental Health

, Volume 5, Issue 3, pp 144–154 | Cite as

The Organizational Health of Urban Elementary Schools: School Health and Teacher Functioning

  • Tara G. MehtaEmail author
  • Marc S. Atkins
  • Stacy L. Frazier
Original Paper


This study examined the factor structure of the Organizational Health Inventory-Elementary version (OHI-E; Hoy et al. in Open schools/healthy schools: measuring organizational climate. Sage, Beverly Hills, CA, 1991) in a sample of 203 teachers working in 19 high-poverty, urban schools and the association of organizational school health with teacher efficacy, teacher stress, and job satisfaction. Results indicated a similar factor structure of the OHI-E as compared with the population of schools in the original sample (Hoy et al. in Open schools/healthy schools: measuring organizational climate. Sage, Beverly Hills, CA, 1991), and that specific components of organizational health, such as a positive learning environment, are associated with teacher efficacy, stress, and satisfaction. Overall, teachers’ relations with their peers, their school leadership, and their students appear especially critical in high-poverty, urban schools. Recommendations for research and practice related to improving high-poverty, urban schools are presented.


Organizational school health Urban schools Teacher efficacy Teacher stress Teacher job satisfaction 



The primary support for this manuscript was provided by NIMH grants R01 MH 073749 (Atkins, PI), 1P20MH0784458 (Atkins, PI), NIDA grant 5 T32 DA007293 (R. Mermelstein, PI), NIMH R01 MH629591 (Atkins, PI) and NIMH R01 MH56491 (Atkins, PI).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tara G. Mehta
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marc S. Atkins
    • 1
  • Stacy L. Frazier
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry, Institute for Juvenile ResearchUniversity of IllinoisChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Center for Children and FamiliesFlorida International UniversityMiamiUSA

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