MicroRNA expression profiles in BCR-ABL-negative primary myelofibrosis with chromosome 7q defects
BCR-ABL-negative primary myelofibrosis (PMF) shows non-specific karyotype abnormalities in up to 30 % of patients, e.g. chromosome 7 defects, which are associated with an adverse prognosis. The impact of chromosome 7 aberrations on cell pathobiology is not yet known. We speculated that chromosome 7q-encoded regulatory microRNA might be one possible basis of instable disease. JAK2V617F-positive cases of PMF with 7q defects (n = 4) were compared with PMF with non-7 aberrations (n = 3), PMF without karyotype aberrations (n = 3) and with a pool of three non-neoplastic controls. The microRNA expression profile of bone marrow cells was analysed with real-time PCR arrays. No 7q-related profile was found but, independent of the underlying karyotype, PMF cases show higher levels of 10q-encoded miR-146b. Re-evaluation in a second cohort (n = 50) confirmed miR-146b overexpression in fibrotic stage PMF. On the transcript level, no negative regulation of potential miR-146b targets could be found. In summary, no link between cytogenetic alterations and microRNA expression could be verified in PMF with 7q defects but 10q-encoded miR-146b overexpression was found to be associated with fibrosis.
KeywordsPrimary myelofibrosis Karyotype Chromosome 7q MicroRNA, miR-146b
Compliance with ethical standards
All authors confirm compliance with ethical standards.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Conflict of interest statement
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
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