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MUSCULOSKELETAL SURGERY

, Volume 102, Issue 1, pp 11–19 | Cite as

Bioabsorbable implants for subtalar arthroereisis in pediatric flatfoot

  • C. Faldini
  • A. Mazzotti
  • A. Panciera
  • F. Perna
  • N. Stefanini
  • S. Giannini
Review

Abstract

Flatfoot is a common condition in growing-age patients. Despite its common presentation, nowadays surgical indications and treatments are still debated. Arthroereisis is a widely used technique, and several implants designs have been proposed over time. Despite the good results shown in the literature, the main drawback of these techniques has always been the need for a second surgery for implant removal. Bioabsorbable devices have been introduced to overcome this necessity.Correct approach to the patient, indications and contraindications and available studies on bioabsorbable implants for subtalar arthroereisis in pediatric flatfoot were analyzed in this narrative review. Even if only a few studies have been published in the literature, bioabsorbable implants showed good clinical results comparable to non-absorbable implants and with a rare necessity for implant removal or revision. When correct indications and proper surgical technique are followed, arthroereisis with bioabsorbable implants appears to be an effective solution for the treatment of pediatric flexible flatfoot.

Keywords

Bioabsorbable implants Flatfoot Arthroereisis Pes planus Calcaneovalgus Surgical treatment 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors decline that they have any conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.1st Orthopaedic and Traumatologic ClinicIstituto Ortopedico RizzoliBolognaItaly
  2. 2.Professor Emeritus, Orthopeadics and TraumatologyUniversity of Bologna – Alma Mater StudiorumBolognaItaly

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