Advertisement

Geosciences Journal

, Volume 23, Issue 6, pp 881–894 | Cite as

Quartz OSL dating of palaeosols intercalated with basaltic lava flows and scoria deposits from monogenetic volcanoes in northeastern Jeju Island, Korea

  • Eun-Young Yeo
  • Jeong-Heon ChoiEmail author
  • Ung San Ahn
  • Albert Chang-sik Cheong
Article
  • 112 Downloads

Abstarct

Jeju Island, which lies on the continental shelf in the southern Korean Peninsula, is the emergent portion of a basaltic volcanic field that has erupted since the Early Pleistocene (ca. 1.8 Ma). Volcanic activity that continued into historic times (ca. 1 ka) formed an elongated shield with a central edifice (Mt. Halla) and more than 300 monogenetic cones and rings. The establishment of a temporal framework for Jeju volcanism, particularly during the Late Pleistocene and Holocene activities, requires geochronological tools other than radiometric dating techniques, which are based on parent-daughter isotope pairs with geologically long half-lives, such as 40Ar/39Ar dating. In this study, we conducted quartz optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating of palaeosols intercalated with basaltic lava flows and scoria deposits, presumably ejected from three monogenetic volcanoes (Cheoreum, Darangsh and Dunjibong volcanoes) in the northeastern part of the island. Quartz extracts from the palaeosols had moderate to dim sensitivity to optical stimulation, but several prerequisite tests of the measurement protocols for equivalent dose estimation were successful. The coarse (63–250 μm) and fine (4–11 μm) quartz fractions yielded continuous wave (CW)-OSL ages of 19.9–7.0 and 18.6–6.7 ka, respectively, both of which were broadly consistent with the radiocarbon dates (10245–7440 Cal yr BP). These ages indicate that lava flows and scoria deposits covering the palaeosols are younger than ~7 ka. The pulsed OSL signals in coarse quartz extracts from the palaeosols suffered from poor counting statistics, thus it is recommended that they not be applied solely (i.e., without any other absolute ages to compare) to dating dim samples. From one of the sites investigated here, the averaged sedimentation rate of the palaeosol is estimated to be ~0.05 mm/yr, based on stratigraphically consistent CW-OSL ages. The OSL ages presented in this paper, together with previous OSL and radiocarbon ages, confirm that Jeju volcanic island was regionally active during the Holocene.

Key words

Jeju Island monogenetic volcanoes palaeosol OSL Holocene 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea Grants funded by the Korean Government (MSICT) (2018, R&D Equipment Engineer Education Program, 2014R1A6A9064166 and 2016R1A2B4007283), and a Korea Basic Science Institute grant (C38709).

References

  1. Ahn, U.S., 2016, Study of the last volcanic activity on historical records on Jeju Island, Korea. Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, 25, 69–83. (in Korean with English abstract)Google Scholar
  2. Ahn, U.S. and Hong, S.S., 2017, Volcanological history of the Baengnokdam summit crater area, Mt. Halla, Jeju Island, Korea. Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, 26, 221–234. (in Korean with English abstract)Google Scholar
  3. Ahn, U.S., Choi, J.H., and Yeo, E.Y., 2017, Eruption timing of the Geomun Oreum through the comparison of radiocarbon and quartz OSL ages. Journal of the Geological Society of Korea, 53, 367–376. (in Korean with English abstract)Google Scholar
  4. Aitken, M.J., 1985, Thermoluminescence Dating. Academic Press, London, 359 p.Google Scholar
  5. Aitken, M.J., 1998, An Introduction to Optical Dating. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 267 p.Google Scholar
  6. Ankjargaard, C., Jain, M., Thomsen, K.J., and Murray, A.S., 2010, Optimising the separation of quartz and feldspar optically stimulated luminescence using pulsed excitation. Radiation Measurements, 45, 778–785.Google Scholar
  7. Bonde, A., Murray, A.S., and Friedrich, W.L., 2001, Santorini: luminescence dating of a volcanic province using quartz? Quaternary Science Reviews, 20, 789–793.Google Scholar
  8. Brenna, M., Cronin, S.J., Smith, I.E.M., Maas, R., and Sohn, Y.K., 2012a, How small-volume basaltic magmatic systems develop: a case study from the Jeju Island volcanic field, Korea. Journal of Petrology, 53, 985–1018.Google Scholar
  9. Brenna, M., Cronin, S.J., Smith, I.E.M., Sohn, Y.K., and Maas, R., 2012b, Spatio-temporal evolution of a dispersed magmatic system and its implications for volcano growth, Jeju Island volcanic field, Korea. Lithos, 148, 337–352.Google Scholar
  10. Brenna, M., Cronin, S.J., Kereszturi, G., Sohn, Y.K., Smith, I.E.M., and Wijbrans, J., 2015, Intraplate volcanism influenced by distal subduction tectonics at Jeju Island, Republic of Korea. Bulletin of Volcanology, 77, 7.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00445-014-0896-5 Google Scholar
  11. Bronk Ramsey, C., 2009, Bayesian analysis of radiocarbon dates. Radiocarbon, 51, 337–360.Google Scholar
  12. Cheong, C.S., Choi, J.H., Sohn, Y.K., Kim, J.C., and Jeong, G.Y., 2007, Optical dating of hydromagmatic volcanoes on the southwestern coast of Jeju Island, Korea. Quaternary Geochronology, 2, 266–271.Google Scholar
  13. Choi, J.H., Duller, G.A.T., Wintle, A.G., and Cheong, C.S., 2006, Luminescence characteristics of quartz from the Southern Kenyan Rift Valley: dose estimation using LM-OSL SAR. Radiation Measurements, 41, 847–854.Google Scholar
  14. Denby, P.M., Botter-Jensen, L., Murray, A.S., Thomsen, K.J., and Moska, P., 2006, Application of pulsed OSL to the separation of the luminescence components from a mixed quartz/feldspar sample. Radiation Measurements, 41, 774–779.Google Scholar
  15. Dosseto, A., May, J.-H., Choi, J.H., Swander, Z.J., Fink, D., Korup, O., Hesse, P., Singh, T., Mifsud, C., and Srivastava, P., 2018, Late Quaternary fluvial incision and aggradation in the Lesser Himalaya, India. Quaternary Science Reviews, 197, 112–128.Google Scholar
  16. Esser, R.P., McIntosh, W.C., Heizler, M.T., and Kyle, P.R., 1997, Excess argon in melt inclusions in zero-age anorthoclase feldspar from Mt. Erebus, Antarctica, as revealed by the 40Ar39Ar method. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 61, 3789–3801.Google Scholar
  17. Fuchs, M., Kreutzer, S., Fischer, M., Sauer, D., and Sorensen, R., 2012, OSL and IRSL dating of raised beach sand deposits along the southeastern coast of Norway. Quaternary Geochronology, 10, 195–200.Google Scholar
  18. Gliganic, L.A., Meyer, M.C., Sohbati, R., and Barrett, S., 2019, OSL surface exposure dating of a lithic quarry in Tibet: laboratory validation and application. Quaternary Geochronology, 49, 199–204.Google Scholar
  19. Godfrey-Smith, D.I., Huntley, D.J., and Chen, W.H., 1988, Optical dating studies of quartz and feldspar sediment extracts. Quaternary Science Reviews, 7, 373–380.Google Scholar
  20. Jenkins, G.T.H., Duller, G.A.T., Roberts, H.M., Chiverrell, R.C., and Glasser, N.F., 2018, A new approach for luminescence dating glaciofluvial deposits — high precision optical dating of cobbles. Quaternary Science Reviews, 192, 263–273.Google Scholar
  21. Koh, G.W., Park, J.B., Kang, B.R., Kim, G.P., and Moon, D.C., 2013, Volcanism in Jeju Island. Journal of the Geological Society of Korea, 49, 209–230. (in Korean with English abstract)Google Scholar
  22. Koh, J.S., Yun, S.H., and Kang, S.S., 2003, Petrology of the volcanic rocks in the Paekrogdam Crater area, Mt. Halla, Jeju Island. Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, 12, 1–15. (in Korean with English abstract)Google Scholar
  23. Lee, J.Y., Kim, J.C., Park, J.B., Lim, J.S., Hong, S.S., and Choi, H., 2014, Age of volcanic activity from Quaternary deposits in Sangchang-ri, Jeju island, Korea. Journal of the Geological Society of Korea, 50, 697–706. (in Korean with English abstract)Google Scholar
  24. Lee, K. and Yang, W.S., 2006, Historical seismicity of Korea. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 96, 846–855.Google Scholar
  25. Li, B., Jacobs, Z., Roberts, R.G., and Li, S.H., 2013, Extending the age limit of luminescence dating using the dose-dependent sensitivity of MET-pIRIR signals from K-feldspar. Quaternary Geochronology, 17, 55–67.Google Scholar
  26. Mauz, B., Packman, S., and Lang, A., 2006, The alpha effectiveness in silt-sized quartz: new data obtained by single and multiple aliquot protocols. Ancient TL, 24, 47–52.Google Scholar
  27. Murray, A.S. and Wintle, A.G., 2000, Luminescence dating of quartz using an improved single-aliquot regenerative-dose protocol. Radiation Measurements, 32, 57–73.Google Scholar
  28. Murray, A.S. and Wintle, A.G., 2003, The single aliquot regenerative dose protocol: potential for improvements in reliability. Radiation Measurements, 37, 377–381.Google Scholar
  29. Nakamura, E., Campbell, I.H., McCulloch, M.T., and Sun, S.S., 1989, Chemical geodynamics in a back arc region around the Sea of Japan: implications for the genesis of alkaline basalts in Japan, Korea and China. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 94, 4634–4654.Google Scholar
  30. Ramos, F.C., Heizler, M.T., Buettner, J.E., Gill, J.B., Wei, H.Q., Dimond, C.A., and Scott, S.R., 2016, U-series and 40Ar/39Ar ages of Holocene volcanic rocks at Changbaishan volcano, China. Geology, 44, 511–514.Google Scholar
  31. Reimer, P.J., Bard, E., Bayliss, A., Beck, J.W., Blackwell, P.G., Bronk Ramsey, C., Buck, C.E., Cheng, H., Edwards, R.L., Friedrich, M., Grootes, P.M., Guilderson, T.P., Haflidason, H., Hajdas, I., Hatte, C., Heaton, T.J., Hoffmann, D.L., Hogg, A.G., Hughen, K.A., Kaiser, K.F., Kromer, B., Manning, S.W., Niu, M., Reimer, R.W., Richards, D.A., Scott, E.M., Southon, J.R., Staff, R.A., Turney, C.S.M., and van der Plicht, J., 2013, IntCal13 and Marine13 radiocarbon age calibration curves 0–50,000 years cal BP. Radiocarbon, 55, 1869–1887.Google Scholar
  32. Roberts, H.M., 2007, Assessing the effectiveness of the double-SAR protocol in isolating a luminescence signal dominated by quartz. Radiation Measurements, 42, 1627–1636.Google Scholar
  33. Sohbati, R., Murray, A.S., Porat, N., Jain, M., and Avner, U., 2015, Age of a prehistoric “Rodedian” cult site constrained by sediment and rock surface luminescence dating techniques. Quaternary Geochronology, 30, 90–99.Google Scholar
  34. Sohn, Y.K. and Park, K.H., 2004, Early-stage volcanism and sedimentation of Jeju Island revealed by the Sagye borehole, SW Jeju Island, Korea. Geosciences Journal, 8, 73–84.Google Scholar
  35. Sohn, Y.K., Park, J.B., Khim, B.K., Park, K.H., and Koh, G.W., 2002, Stratigraphy, petrochemistry and Quaternary depositional record of the Songaksan tuff ring, Jeju Island, Korea. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 119, 1–20.Google Scholar
  36. Sun, X., Yi, S., Lu, H., and Zhang, W., 2017, TT-OSL and post-IR IRSL dating of the Dali Man site in central China. Quaternary International, 434, 99–106.Google Scholar
  37. Tatsumi, Y., Shukuno, H., Yoshikawa, M., Chang, Q., Sato, K., and Lee, M.W., 2005, The petrology and geochemistry of volcanic rocks on Jeju Island: plume magmatism along the Asian continental margin. Journal of Petrology, 46, 523–553.Google Scholar
  38. Tsukamoto, S. and Rades, E.F., 2016, Performance of pulsed OSL stimulation for minimising the feldspar signal contamination in quartz samples. Radiation Measurements, 84, 26–33.Google Scholar
  39. Tsukamoto, S., Rink, W.J., and Watanuki, T., 2003, OSL of tephric loess and volcanic quartz in Japan and an alternative procedure for estimating De from a fast OSL component. Radiation Measurements, 37, 459–465.Google Scholar
  40. Tsukamoto, S., Duller, G.A.T., Wintle, A.G., and Muhs, D., 2011, Assessing the potential for luminescence dating of basalts. Quaternary Geochronology, 6, 61–70.Google Scholar
  41. Thiel, C., Buylaert, J.-P., Murray, A.S., Elmejdoub, N., and Jedoui, Y., 2012, A comparison of TT-OSL and post-IR IRSL dating of coastal deposits on Cap Bon peninsula, north-eastern Tunisia. Quaternary Geochronology, 10, 209–217.Google Scholar
  42. Wallinga, J., Murray, A.S., and Botter-Jensen, L., 2003, Measurement of the dose in quartz in the presence of feldspar contamination. Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 101, 367–370.Google Scholar
  43. Wintle, A.G. and Murray, A.S., 2006, A review of quartz optically stimulated luminescence characteristics and their relevance in singlealiquot regeneration dating protocols. Radiation Measurements, 41, 369–391.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Association of Korean Geoscience Societies and Springer 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eun-Young Yeo
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jeong-Heon Choi
    • 2
    Email author
  • Ung San Ahn
    • 3
  • Albert Chang-sik Cheong
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Graduate School of Analytical Science and TechnologyChungnam National UniversityDaejeonRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Division of Earth and Environmental SciencesKorea Basic Science InstituteChungbukRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.World Heritage OfficeJeju Special Self-Governing Provincial GovernmentJejuRepublic of Korea

Personalised recommendations