Geochemical attributes of late Neoproterozoic Salt Range Formation, Pakistan: constraints on provenance, paleoclimate, depositional and tectonic settings

  • Muhammad Ahmed Farooqui
  • Muhammad UmarEmail author
  • Muhammad Amjad Sabir
  • Rashid Pervez
  • Tarib Jalees


Detailed geochemical analyses of clastic fraction of the oldest exposed Salt Range Formation in the famous salt producing region (Salt and Trans-Indus Ranges) Pakistan was carried out in order to understand provenance, paleoclimate, depositional and tectonic settings. Sandstone and shale samples of Salt Range Formation were analysed for major, trace and Rare Earth Elements and various geochemical models and ratios were used to interpret. Geochemical analyses of both sandstone and shale fraction mostly display similar results and interpretations. The samples are classified as arkose, subarkose, litharenites and were sourced from felsic and/or intermediate igneous rocks. The sedimentation of the detritus was occurred in fluvial to restricted shelf conditions under arid to semi-arid and oxygenated climate conditions. The tectonic settings of the sediments were mainly Oceanic and Continental Island arcs as well as Active Continental margin.

Key words

geochemistry evaporites western margin of Gondwana provenance Salt Range Formation clastic rocks 


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Copyright information

© The Association of Korean Geoscience Societies and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhammad Ahmed Farooqui
    • 1
  • Muhammad Umar
    • 2
    • 4
    Email author
  • Muhammad Amjad Sabir
    • 2
  • Rashid Pervez
    • 3
  • Tarib Jalees
    • 2
  1. 1.Office of Academics and ResearchCOMSATS University Islamabad, Lahore CampusLahorePakistan
  2. 2.Department of Earth SciencesCOMSATS University Islamabad, Abbottabad CampusAbbottabadPakistan
  3. 3.College of Marine GeosciencesOcean University of ChinaQingdaoChina
  4. 4.Department of Earth SciencesCOMSATS University Islamabad, Abbottabad CampusAbbottabadPakistan

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