Advertisement

Geosciences Journal

, Volume 22, Issue 2, pp 327–336 | Cite as

Diagenesis and its controlling factors of Lower Donghetang Formation tight sandstone reservoir in Bachu area, Tarim Basin, China

  • Hanbing Zhang
  • Jun Peng
  • Xiaoxian Lin
  • Bin Li
  • Qingsong Xia
Article
  • 69 Downloads

Abstract

The tight sandstone reservoir of the Donghetang Formation underwent complex diagenetic processes for which the controlling factors remain unknown. Here, we present a case study of the lower member of this formation and show that this part of the reservoir consists mostly of lithic quartz sandstone with poor physical characteristics. Using core observation, thin section identification, electronic microprobe, scanning electronic microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and inclusion fluorescence microscopy, we identified five major diagenetic processes: compaction, cementation, dissolution, metasomatism, and hydrocarbon charging. Compaction and cementation have negative effects on petrophysical properties (referred to porosity and permeability of sandstone in this paper), and dissolution improves these properties. Diagenesis is affected by the depositional environment, and clastic constituents control compaction and dissolution; burial history and the geotemperature field control diagenesis at the macroscopic scale, while hydrocarbon charging affects the degree of cementation and dissolution. As oil saturation increases, the percentage of calcareous cements decreases and the development of secondary dissolved pores improves.

Keywords

tight sandstone diagenesis controlling factors lower member of Donghetang Formation Bachu area 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ajdukiewicz, J.M. and Lander, R.H., 2010, Sandstone reservoir quality prediction: the state of the art. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 94, 1083–1091.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ajdukiewicz, J.M., Nicholson, P.H., and Esch, W.L., 2010, Prediction of deep-reservoir quality using early diagenetic process models in the Jurassic Norphlet Formation, Gulf of Mexico. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 94, 1189–1227.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Amthor, J.E. and Okkerman, J., 1998, Influence of early diagenesis on reservoir quality of Rotliegende sandstones, Northern Netherlands. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 82, 2246–2265.Google Scholar
  4. Bjørlykke, K., 2014, Relationships between depositional environments, burial history and rock properties. Some principal aspects of diagenetic process in sedimentary basins. Sedimentary Geology, 301, 1–14.Google Scholar
  5. Chen, D.Y., Zhu, Y.S., Zhang, J.S., Du, S.L., Sang, S.Z., Li, C., and Liu, P., 2015, Diagenesis and favorable diagenetic facies of the eighth member of Yanchang Formation in Maling area, the Ordos Basin. Petroleum Geology & Experiment, 37, 721–728.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Fawad, M., Mondol, N.H., Jahren, J., and Bjørlykke, K., 2011, Mechanical compaction and ultrasonic velocity of sands with different texture and mineralogical composition. Geophysical Prospecting, 59, 697–720.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Feng, C.G., Liu, S.W., Wang, L.S., and Li, C., 2010, Present-day geotemperature field characteristics in the Central Uplift area of the Tarim Basin and implications for hydrocarbon generation and preservation. Journal of China University of Geosciences, 35, 645–656.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Fisher, Q.J., Casey, M., Clennell, M.B., and Knipe, R.J., 1999, Mechanical compaction of deeply buried sandstones of the North Sea. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 16, 605–618.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Giles, M.R., Stevenson, S., Martin, S.V., Cannon, S.J.C., Hamilton, P.J., Marshall, J.D., and Samways, G.M., 1992, The reservoir properties and diagenesis of the Brent Group: a regional perspective. Geological Society of London, Special Publications, 61, 289–327.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Grant, N.T., Middleton, A.J., and Archer, S., 2014, Porosity trends in the Skagerrak Formation, Central Graben, United Kingdom Continental Shelf: the role of compaction and pore pressure history. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 98, 1111–1143.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Jia, C.Z., 1999, Structural Characteristics and oil/gas accumulative regularity in Tarim Basin. Xinjiang Petroleum Geology, 20, 177–183.Google Scholar
  12. Jiang, T. and Xie, X.N., 2005, Effects of high temperature and overpressure on reservoir quality in the Yinggehai Basin, South China Sea. Journal of China University of Geosciences, 30, 215–220.Google Scholar
  13. Li, C., Wang, L.S., Guo, S.P., and Shi, X.B., 2000, Thermal evolution in Tarim Basin. Acta Petrolei Sinica, 21, 13–17.Google Scholar
  14. Li, Y.L., Jia, A.L., and Wu, C.D., 2014, Diagenesis of tight sandstones and its controls on reservoirs genesis, Changling Faulted Depression, Songliao Basin. Petroleum Geology & Experiment, 36, 698–705.Google Scholar
  15. Li, Y.X., Liu, H.J., Yuan, D.S., Zhang, Z.H., Zhu, X.M., Zhong, D.K., Cai, J.G., and Xie, Z.H., 2003, Effect of oil charging on reservoir’s diagenetic mineral evolution. Oil & Gas Geology, 24, 274–280.Google Scholar
  16. Liu, Y.F., Zhao, J.H., Fan, Q.H., Lin, C.S., Sun, Q., and Huang, L.L., 2014, Diagenesis and its control factors of Donghe sandstone in Hanilcatam Depression of Tabei Uplift. Geoscience, 28, 635–644.Google Scholar
  17. Molenaar, N., Cyziene, J., Sliaupa, S., and Craven, J., 2008, Lack of inhibiting effect of oil emplacement on quartz cementation: evidence from Cambrian reservoir sandstones, Paleozoic Baltic Basin. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 120, 1280–1295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Morad, S., Al-Ramadan, K., Ketzer, J.M., and De Ros, L.F., 2010, The impact of diagenesis on the heterogeneity of sandstone reservoirs: a review of the role of depositional facies and sequence stratigraphy. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 94, 1267–1309.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Neilson, J.E., Oxtoby, N.H., Simmons, M.D., Simpson, I.R., and Fortunatova, N.K., 1998, The relationship between petroleum emplacement and carbonate reservoir quality: examples from Abu Dhabi and the Amu Darya Basin. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 15, 57–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Salem, A.M., Morad, S., Mato, L.F., and Al-Aasm, I.S., 2000, Diagenesis and reservoir-quality evolution of fluvial sandstones during progressive burial and uplift: evidence from the Upper Jurassic Boipeba Member, Recôncavo Basin, Northeastern Brazil. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 84, 1015–1040.Google Scholar
  21. Shou, J.F. and Zhu, G.H., 1998, Study on quantitative prediction of porosity preservation in sandstone reservoirs. Chinese Journal of Geology, 32, 244–249.Google Scholar
  22. Taylor, T.R., Giles, M.R., and Hathon, L.A., 2010, Sandstone diagenesis and reservoir quality prediction: models, myths, and reality. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 94, 1093–1132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Wei, Y.M. and Shi, Z.J., 2008, Study on diagenesis and controlling fac tors of the reservoir of the Upper Triassic Xujiahe Formation in the southeastern Sichuan Basin. Journal of Oil and Gas Technology, 30, 199–203.Google Scholar
  24. Worden, R.H., Oxtoby, N.H., and Smalley, P.C., 1998, Can oil emplacement prevent quartz cementation in sandstones. Petroleum Geoscience, 4, 129–137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Zhang, C., Li, X.P., Zhong, J.H., and Zhang, T.F., 2011, Properties and the main controlling factors of compact sandstone reservoirs in Lower Jurassic Series of Baka Oilfield in Tuha Basin. Journal of Shandong University of Science and Technology, 30, 65–72.Google Scholar
  26. Zhang, Y.D., Shao, Z.B., Qiao, G.L., and Han, Y., 2014, Reservoir characteristics and diagenesis of Devonian Donghetang Formation in Bachu–Maigaiti area. Petroleum Geology & Experiment, 36, 176–181.Google Scholar
  27. Zhao, J.Z., Li, J., Cao, Q., Bai, Y.B., Er, C., Wang, X.M., Xiao, H., and Wu, W.T., 2013, Hydrocarbon accumulation patterns of large tight oil and gas fields. Oil & Gas Geology, 34, 573–583.Google Scholar
  28. Zou, C.N., Zhu, R.K., Wu, S.T., Yang, Z., Tao, S.Z., Yuan, X.J., Hou, L.H., Yang, H., Xu, C.C., Li, D.H., Bai, B., and Wang, L., 2012, Types, characteristics, genesis and prospects of conventional and unconventional hydrocarbon accumulations: taking tight oil and tight gas in China as an instance. Acta Petrolei Sinica, 33, 173–187.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Association of Korean Geoscience Societies and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hanbing Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
  • Jun Peng
    • 1
  • Xiaoxian Lin
    • 3
  • Bin Li
    • 1
  • Qingsong Xia
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Geoscience and TechnologySouthwest Petroleum UniversityChengdu, SichuanChina
  2. 2.PetroChina Zhejiang Oilfield CompanyHangzhou, ZhejiangChina
  3. 3.College of Resources and Environmental EngineeringMianyang Normal UniversityMianyang, SichuanChina
  4. 4.School of Geoscience and TechnologySouthwest Petroleum UniversityChengdu, SichuanChina

Personalised recommendations