Geosciences Journal

, Volume 22, Issue 2, pp 253–272 | Cite as

Petrogenesis of the late Mesozoic highly fractionated I-type granites in the Luanchuan district: implications for the tectono-magmatic evolution of eastern Qinling

  • Yunhui Zhang
  • Huawen Cao
  • Mo Xu
  • Shouting Zhang
  • Li Tang
  • Shiyan Wang
  • Qiuming Pei
  • Guojun Cai
  • Tong Shen


Late Mesozoic granites are extensively distributed in the Luanchuan district of eastern Qinling and can be divided into two types: Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous granites (ore-related plutons) and Late Cretaceous granites (Laojunshan batholith). This study presents new geochemical and zircon U-Pb-Hf isotopic data from the Shibaogou and Yuku plutons to provide robust constraints on the petrogenesis and tectonic significance of the late Mesozoic granites in the Luanchuan district. Zircon U-Pb dating results yielded weighted mean 206Pb/238U ages of 149.1 ± 0.8 Ma and 150.5 ± 0.8 Ma, which were interpreted as the crystallization ages of the Shibaogou and Yuku plutons, respectively. We propose that the late Mesozoic granites contain high concentrations of SiO2 and alkali elements (Na2O + K2O) and feature metaluminous to weakly peraluminous characteristics. Enrichment in light rare earth elements and large ion lithophile elements and depletion in high field strength elements are observed. Mineralogical and geochemical evidence reveal that the late Mesozoic granites are highly fractionated I-type granites with fractional crystallization of feldspar, plagioclase and accessory minerals (e.g., apatite and titanite or magnetite). Based on the Hf composition, we suggest that the parental magmas of the ore-related plutons were derived from remelting of the Taihua and Xiong’er groups with minor contributions of mantle-derived materials and that the Laojunshan batholith was generated by the hybridization of ancient crust- (Kuanping group) and mantle-derived components. Collectively, the above arguments indicates a tectonic transition from compression to post-collisional extension during the late Mesozoic, that was likely triggered by the continental collision of the North China Block and the Yangtze Block, which generated numerous contemporaneous granites and Mo-W-Pb-Zn-Ag-Au poly-metallic deposits.


geochemistry petrogenesis tectono-magmatic evolution Luanchuan district eastern Qinling 


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Copyright information

© The Association of Korean Geoscience Societies and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yunhui Zhang
    • 1
  • Huawen Cao
    • 2
  • Mo Xu
    • 1
  • Shouting Zhang
    • 3
  • Li Tang
    • 3
  • Shiyan Wang
    • 3
  • Qiuming Pei
    • 3
  • Guojun Cai
    • 1
  • Tong Shen
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Geohazard Prevention and Geoenvironment ProtectionChengdu University of TechnologyChengdu, SichuanChina
  2. 2.Chengdu CenterChina Geological SurveyChengdu, SichuanChina
  3. 3.School of Earth Sciences and ResourcesChina University of GeosciencesBeijingChina

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