Advertisement

Geosciences Journal

, Volume 21, Issue 5, pp 667–682 | Cite as

Age and petrogenesis of Mingshui-Shuangjingzi granites from the northern Beishan area, northwest China, and their implications for tectonic evolution

  • Wen Zhang
  • Victoria Pease
  • Qingpeng Meng
  • Rongguo Zheng
  • Tairan WuEmail author
Article

Abstract

The Mingshui and Shuangjingzi granitic plutons are exposed in the northern Beishan area, in the southern Central Asia Orogenic Belt. U-Pb zircon dating indicates that Mingshui secondary intrusive lithosfacies and Shuangjingzi quartz monzodiorite formed at 328 ± 2 Ma and 272 ± 2 Ma, respectively. The former is composed of grey white monzogranites and potassic altered flesh red monzogranites. Geochemistry indicates they are calc-alkaline I-type granites. Shuangjingzi granites are mainly composed of unfractionated calc-alkaline I-type quartz monzodiorite, granodiorite and monzogranite. The Mingshui grey white monzogranites with negative initial εNd (–2.0 to–1.7) and moderate initial 87Sr/86Sr values (0.706740 to 0.710092) were probably derived from mixing of the depleted mantle (juvenile) component and the Palaeoproterozoic–Archean crust (or sedimentary) component and represent volcanic arc granites. The Shuangjingzi quartz monzodiorites are most likely derived from mafic to intermediate igneous protolith and represent post-collisional granites. This work, combined with the regional geology, suggests the Palaeo-Asian Ocean closed between 328 Ma and 272 Ma in the northern Beishan area.

Keywords

Central Asia Orogenic Belt Beishan Palaeozoic granite post-collisional geochemistry geochronology 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Supplementary material

12303_2017_17_MOESM1_ESM.docx (27 kb)
Electronic supplement material 1 (ESM1): Analytical methods
12303_2017_17_MOESM2_ESM.docx (43 kb)
Electronic supplementary material 2 (ESM2): Table S1
12303_2017_17_MOESM3_ESM.docx (22 kb)
Electronic supplementary material 3 (ESM3): Table S2
12303_2017_17_MOESM4_ESM.docx (25 kb)
Electronic supplementary material 4 (ESM4): Table S3
12303_2017_17_MOESM5_ESM.docx (25 kb)
Electronic supplementary material 5 (ESM5): Table S4

References

  1. Allen, M.B., Sengör, A.M.C., and Natal’In, B.A., 1995, Junggar, Turfan and Alakol Basins as Late Permian to Early Triassic extensional structures in a sinistral shear zone in the Altaid Orogenic Collage, Central-Asia. Journal of the Geological Society, 152, 327–338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Altherr, R., Holl, A., Hegner, E., Langer, C., and Kreuzer, H., 2000, High-potassium, calc-alkaline I-type plutonism in the European Variscides: Northern Vosges (France) and northern Schwarzwald (Germany). Lithos, 50, 51–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ao, S.J., Xiao, W.J., Han, C.M., Li, X.H., Qu, J.F., Zhang, J.E., Guo, Q.Q., and Tian, Z.H., 2012, Cambrian to early Silurian ophiolite and accretionary processes in the Beishan collage, NW China: implications for the architecture of the Southern Altaids. Geological Magazine, 149, 606–625.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ao, S., Xiao, W., Windley, B.F., Mao, Q., Han, C., Zhang, J., Yang, L., and Geng, J., 2016, Paleozoic accretionary orogenesis in the eastern Beishan orogen: Constraints from zircon U-Pb and 40Ar/39Ar geochronology. Gondwana Research, 18, 224–235.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Belousova, E., Griffin, W., O’Reilly, S.Y., and Fisher, N., 2002, Igneous zircon: trace element composition as an indicator of source rock type. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 143, 602–622.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. BGGP, 1967, Anbei Regional Geological Survey Report (1:200000) (in Chinese). Gansu Bureau of Geology.Google Scholar
  7. BGGP, 1968a, Houhongquan Regional Geological Survey Report (1:200000) (in Chinese). Gansu Bureau of Geology.Google Scholar
  8. BGGP, 1968b, Niujuanzi Regional Geological Survey Report (1:200000) (in Chinese). Gansu Bureau of Geology.Google Scholar
  9. BGGP, 1969a, Baoensi Regional Geological Survey Report (1:200000) (in Chinese). Gansu Bureau of Geology.Google Scholar
  10. BGGP, 1969b, Gongpoquan Regional Geological Survey Report (1:200000) (in Chinese). Gansu Bureau of Geology.Google Scholar
  11. BGGP, 1969c, Hongshishan Regional Geological Survey Report (1:200000) (in Chinese). Gansu Bureau of Geology.Google Scholar
  12. BGGP, 1969d, Houhongquan Regional Geological Survey Report (1:200000) (in Chinese). Gansu Bureau of Geology.Google Scholar
  13. BGGP, 1969e, Jiusidun and Tiancang Regional Geological Survey Report (1:200000) (in Chinese). Gansu Bureau of Geology.Google Scholar
  14. BGGP, 1969f, Mingshui Regional Geological Survey Report (1:200000) (in Chinese). Gansu Bureau of Geology.Google Scholar
  15. BGGP, 1971a, Hongliudaquan Regional Geological Survey Report (1:200000) (in Chinese). Gansu Bureau of Geology.Google Scholar
  16. BGGP, 1971b, Yumenzhen Regional Geological Survey Report (1:200000) (in Chinese). Gansu Bureau of Geology.Google Scholar
  17. BGGP, 1977a, Heiyingshan Regional Geological Survey Report (1:200000) (in Chinese). Gansu Bureau of Geology.Google Scholar
  18. BGGP, 1977b, Lujing Regional Geological Survey Report (1:200000) (in Chinese). Gansu Bureau of Geology.Google Scholar
  19. BGGP, 1977c, Wudaoming Regional Geological Survey Report (1:200000) (in Chinese). Gansu Bureau of Geology.Google Scholar
  20. BGGP, 1979, Liutuoshan Regional Geological Survey Report (1:200000) (in Chinese). Gansu Bureau of Geology.Google Scholar
  21. Castro, A., Gerya, T., García-Casco, A., Fernández, C., Díaz-Alvarado, J., Moreno-Ventas, I., and Löw, I., 2010, Melting relations of MORB sediment mélanges in underplated mantle wedge plumes: Implications for the origin of Cordilleran-type batholiths. Journal of Petrology, 51, 1267–1295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Castro, A., Vogt, K., and Gerya, T., 2013, Generation of new continental crust by sublithospheric silicic-magma relamination in arcs: A test of Taylor’s andesite model. Gondwana Research, 23, 1554–1566.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Chappell, B.W. and White, A.J.R., 1992, I- and S-type granites in the Lachlan Fold Belt. Geological Society of America, Special Papers, 272, 1–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Chappell, B.W. and White, A.J.R., 1974, Two contrasting granite types. Pacific Geology, 8, 173–174.Google Scholar
  25. Chappell, B.W. and White, A.J.R., 2001, Two contrasting granite types: 25 years later. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 48, 489–499.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Chen, B. and Jahn, B.M., 2004, Genesis of post-collisional granitoids and basement nature of the Junggar Terrane, NW China: Nd-Sr isotope and trace element evidence. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 23, 691–703.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Chen, B. and Jahn, B.-M., 2002, Geochemical and isotopic studies of the sedimentary and granitic rocks of the Altai orogen of northwest China and their tectonic implications. Geological Magazine, 139, 1–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Corfu, F., Hanchar, J.M., Hoskin, P.W.O., and Kinny, P., 2003, Atlas of zircon textures. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 53, 469–500.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Dai, W.J. and Tan, S., 2008, The properties and tectonic significance of ophiolite and related volcanic rocks in Gansu Beishan Yemajie-Mazongshan structral belt. Xinjiang Geology, 26, 305–313 (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  30. DePaolo, D.J., 1981, A neodymium and strontium isotopic study of the Mesozoic calc-alkaline granitic batholiths of the Sierra Nevada and Peninsular Ranges, California. Journal of Geophysical Research, 86, 10470–10488.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Feng, J.C., Zhang, W., Wu, T.R., Zheng, R.G., Luo, H.L., and He, Y.K., 2012, Geochronology and geochemistry of granite pluton in the north of Qiaowan, Beishan Mountain, Gansu province, China, and its geological significance. Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis, 48, 61–70 (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  32. Feng, Y. and Zuo, G., 1993, New recognition of the age of the Lebaquan Group in Beishan mountain, Gansu. Geological Bulletin of China, 2, 186–189 (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  33. Frost, B.R., Barnes, C.G., Collins, W.J., Arculus, R.J., Ellis, D.J., and Frost, C.D., 2001, A geochemical classification for granitic rocks. Journal of Petrology, 42, 2033–2048.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Glorie, S., De Grave, J., Buslov, M.M., Zhimulev, F.I., Izmer, A., Vandoorne, W., Ryabinin, A., Van den haute, P., Vanhaecke, F., and Elburg, M.A., 2011, Formation and Palaeozoic evolution of the Gorny-Altai–Altai-Mongolia suture zone (South Siberia): Zircon U/Pb constraints on the igneous record. Gondwana Research, 20, 465–484.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Guo, Z.J., Shi, H.Y., Zhang, Z.C., and Zhang, J.J., 2006, The tectonic evolution of the south Tianshan paleo-oceanic crust inferred from the spreading structures and Ar-Ar dating of the Hongliuhe ophiolite, NW China. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 22, 95–102 (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  36. Guo, Q., Xiao, W., Hou, Q., Windley, B.F., Han, C., Tian, Z., and Song, D., 2014, Construction of late devonian dundunshan arc in the beishan orogen and its implication for tectonics of southern central asian orogenic belt. Lithos, 184–187, 361–378.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Hacker, B.R., Kelemen, P.B., and Behn, M.D., 2011, Differentiation of the continental crust by relamination. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 307, 501–516.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Han, B., He, G., and Wang, S., 1999, Postcollisional mantle-derived magmatism, underplating and implications for basement of the Junggar Basin. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences, 42, 113–119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Han, B.F., Wang, S.G., Jahn, B.M., Hong, D.W., Kagami, H., and Sun, Y.L., 1997, Depleted-mantle source for the Ulungur River A-type granites from North Xinjiang, China: geochemistry and Nd-Sr isotopic evidence, and implications for Phanerozoic crustal growth. Chemical Geology, 138, 135–159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. He, G., Li, M.S., Liu, D.Q., and Zhou, N.H., 1994, Paleozoic crustal evolution and mineralization in Xinjiang of China. Xingjiang People’s Publishing House, Urumqi, 437 p. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  41. He, S., Ren, B., Yao, W., and Fu, L., 2002, The division of tectonic units of Beishan area, Gansu-Inner Mongolia. Northwestern Geology, 35, 31–40. (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  42. Heinhorst, J., Lehmann, B., Ermolov, P., Serykh, V., and Zhurutin, S., 2000, Paleozoic crustal growth and metallogeny of Central Asia: evidence from magmatic-hydrothermal ore systems of Central Kazakhstan. Tectonophysics, 328, 69–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Hildreth, W. and Moorbath, S., 1988, Crustal contributions to arc magmatism in the Andes of Central Chile. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 98, 455–489.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Huang, Z. and Jin, X., 2006a, Geochemistry features and tectonic setting of the Hongshishan ophiolite in Gansu province. Chinese Journal of Geology, 41, 601–611. (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  45. Huang, Z. and Jin, X., 2006b, Geological characteristics and its setting for volcanic rocks of Baishan formation in Hongshishan area of Gansu province. Gansu Geology, 15, 19–24. (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  46. Harris, N.B.W., Pearce, J.A., and Tindle, A.G., 1986, Geochemical characteristics of collision-zone magmatism. In: Coward, M.P. and Ries, A.C. (eds.), Collision Tectonics. Geological Society of London, Special Publications, 19, p. 67–81.Google Scholar
  47. Irvine, T.N. and Baragar, W.R.A., 1971, A guide to the chemical classification of the common volcanic rocks. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 8, 523–548.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Irving, A.J. and Green, D.H., 1976, Geochemistry and petrogenesis of the newer basalts of Victoria and South Australia. Journal of the Geological Society of Australia, 23, 45–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Jahn, B.M., Griffin, W.L., and Windley, B., 2000a, Continental growth in the Phanerozoic: Evidence from Central Asia. Tectonophysics, 328, vii–x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Jahn, B.M., Windley, B., Natal’in, B., and Dobretsov, N., 2004, Phanerozoic continental growth in Central Asia. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 23, 599–603.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Jahn, B.M., Wu, F.Y., and Chen, B., 2000b, Granitoids of the Central Asian Orogenic Belt and continental growth in the Phanerozoic. Geological Society of America Special Papers, 350, 181–193.Google Scholar
  52. Jahn, B.M., Wu, F.Y., and Chen, B., 2000c, Massive granitoid generation in Central Asia: Nd isotope evidence and implication for continental growth in the Phanerozoic. Episodes, 23, 82–92.Google Scholar
  53. Jiang, S. and Nie, F., 2006a, 40Ar-39Ar Geochronology of the Granitoids in Beishan Mountain, NW China. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 22, 2719–2723. (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  54. Jiang, S. and Nie, F., 2006b, Nd-Isotope Constraints on Origin of Granitoids in Beishan Mountain Area. Acta Geologica Sinica, 80, 826–842. (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  55. Khain, E.V, Bibikova, E.V, Salnikova, E.B., Kröner, A., Gibsher, A.S., Didenko, A.N., Degtyarev, K.E., Fedotova, A.A., Kroner, A., Gibsher, A.S., Didenko, A.N., Degtyarev, K.E., and Fedotova, A.A., 2003, The Palaeo-Asian ocean in the Neoproterozoic and early Palaeozoic: new geochronologic data and palaeotectonic reconstructions. Precambrian Research, 122, 329–358.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Kovalenko, V.I., Yarmolyuk, V., Kovach, V.P., Kotov, A.B., Kozakov, I.K., Salnikova, E.B., and Larin, A.M., 2004, Isotope provinces, mechanisms of generation and sources the continental crust in the Central Asian mobile belt: Geological and isotopic evidence. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 23, 605–627.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Kröner, A., Windley, B.F., Badarch, G., Tomurtogoo, O., Hegner, E., Jahn, B.M., Gruschka, S., Khain, E.V, Demoux, A., and Wingate, M.T.D., 2007, Accretionary growth and crust formation in the Central Asian Orogenic Belt and comparison with the Arabian- Nubian shield. Geological Society of America Memoirs, 200, 181–209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Li, X.H., Li, Z.X., Li, W.X., Liu, Y., Yuan, C., Wei, G., and Qi, C., 2007, U-Pb zircon, geochemical and Sr-Nd-Hf isotopic constraints on age and origin of Jurassic I- and A-type granites from central Guangdong, SE China: A major igneous event in response to foundering of a subducted flat-slab? Lithos, 96, 186–204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Li, S., Wilde, S.A., and Wang, T., 2013, Early Permian post-collisional high-K granitoids from Liuyuan area in southern Beishan orogen, NW China: Petrogenesis and tectonic implications. Lithos, 179, 99–119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Li, X., Yu, J., Wang, G., and Wu, P., 2012, Geochronology of Jijitaizi ophiolite in Beishan area, Gansu Province, and its geological significance. Geological Bulletin of China, 31, 2025–2031 (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  61. Liu, X. and Wang, Q., 1995, Tectonics of the orogenic belts in Beishan Mts., western China and their evolution. Geoscience Research, 28, 37–48. (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  62. Lu, J., Niu, Y., Wei, X., Chen, G., and Li, Y., 2013, LA-ICP-MS zircon UPb dating of the Late Paleozoic volcanic rocks from the Hongshishan area of the Beishan orogenic belt and its tectonic significances. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 29, 2685–2694. (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  63. Ludwig, K.R., 2003, Isoplot 3.0: a geochronological toolkit for microsoft excel. Berkeley Geochronology Center Special Publication, 4, 1–71.Google Scholar
  64. Nie, F., Jiang, S., Bai, D.M., Wang, X.L., Su, X., Li, J.C., Liu, Y., and Zhao, X., 2002, Metallogenic studies and ore prospecting in the conjunction area of inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Gansu Province and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (Beishan Mt.), northwest China. Geological Publishing House, Beijing, 408 p. (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  65. Pearce, J.A., 1996, Sources and settings of granitic rocks. Episodes, 19, 120–125.Google Scholar
  66. Pearce, J.A., Harris, N.B.W., and Tindle, A.G., 1984, Trace-element discrimination diagrams for the tectonic interpretation of graniticrocks. Journal of Petrology, 25, 956–983.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Pitcher, W.S., 1982, Granite type and tectonic environment. In: Hsü, K.J. (ed.), Mountain Building Processes. Academic Press, London, p. 19–40.Google Scholar
  68. Pitcher, W.S., 1997, The Nature and Origin of Granite. Springer, London, 387 p.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Rapp, R.P., 1995, Amphibole-out phase boundary in partially melted metabasalt, its control over liquid fraction and composition, and source permeability. Journal of Geophysical Research, 100, 15601.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Rapp, R.P. and Watson, E.B., 1995, Dehydration melting of metabasalt at 8–32 kbar: Implications for continental growth and crust-mantle recycling. Journal of Petrology, 36, 891–931.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Ren, B., He, S., Yao, W., and Fu, L., 2001, Rb-Sr-isotope age of Niuquanzi ophiolite and its tectonic significance in Beishan district, Gansu. Northwestern Geology, 34, 21–27. (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  72. Rickwood, P.C., 1989, Boundary lines within petrologic diagrams which use oxides of major and minor elements. Lithos, 22, 247–263.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Rushmer, T., 1991, Partial melting of two amphibolites: contrasting experimental results under fluid-absent conditions. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 107, 41–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Schiano, P., Monzier, M., Eissen, J.P., Martin, H., and Koga, K.T., 2010, Simple mixing as the major control of the evolution of volcanic suites in the Ecuadorian Andes. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 160, 2059–2065.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Sengör, A.M.C., Natal’In, B.A., Burtman, V.S., 1993, Evolution of the Altaid tectonic collage and Palaeozoic crustal growth in Eurasia. Nature, 364, 299–307.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Shand, S.J., 1943, Eruptive rocks: Their genesis, composition, and classification, with a chapter on meteorites (2nd edition). John Wiley, New York, 444 p.Google Scholar
  77. Sisson, T.W., Ratajeski, K., Hankins, W.B., and Glazner, A.F., 2005, Voluminous granitic magmas from common basaltic sources. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 148, 635–661.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Song, T.Z., Wang, J., Lin, H., Yang, X.F., Zhang, L., and An, S.W., 2008, The geological features of ophiolites of Xiaohuangshan in Beishan Area, Inner Mongolia. Northwestern Geology, 41, 55–63. (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  79. Song, D., Xiao, W., Han, C., and Tian, Z., 2014, Geochronological and geochemical study of gneiss–schist complexes and associated granitoids, Beishan Orogen, southern Altaids. International Geology Review, s2, 1705–1727.Google Scholar
  80. Song, D., Xiao, W., Han, C., and Tian, Z., 2013, Polyphase deformation of a Paleozoic forearc-arc complex in the Beishan orogen, NW China. Tectonophysics, 632, 224–243.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Song, D., Xiao, W., Windley, B.F., Han, C., and Tian, Z., 2015, A Paleozoic Japan-type subduction-accretion system in the Beishan orogenic collage, southern Central Asian Orogenic Belt. Lithos, 224–225, 195–213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Song, D., Xiao, W., Windley, B.F., Han, C., and Yang, L., 2016, Metamorphic complexes in accretionary orogens: insights from the Beishan collage, southern Central Asian Orogenic Belt. Tectonophysics, 688, 135–147.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Streckeisen, A., 1976, To each plutonic rock its proper name. Earth-Science Reviews, 12, 1–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Su, B., Qin, K., Santosh, M., Sun, H., and Tang, D., 2013, The Early Permian mafic–ultramafic complexes in the Beishan Terrane, NW China: Alaskan-type intrusives or rift cumulates? Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 66, 175–187.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Sun, S.S. and McDonough, W.F., 1989, Chemical and isotopic systematics of oceanic basalts: implications for mantle composition and processes. In: Saunders, A.D. and Norry, M.J. (eds.), Magmatism in the Ocean Basins. Geological Society of London, Special Publication, 42, p. 313–345.Google Scholar
  86. Sun, X.C., Zhang, H.J., Wei, Z.J., Huang, Z.B., and Gao, B.N., 2005, Time of definition and geological meaning for metamorphic intrusive rock body in Xiaohongshan region, Beishan area of Gansu and Inner Mongolia. Northwestern Geology, 38, 61–67. (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  87. Sylvester, P.J., 1989, Post-collisional alkaline granites. The Journal of Geology, 97, 261–280.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Tian, Z., Xiao, W., Windley, B.F., Lin, L., Han, C., Zhang, J., Wan, B., Ao, S., Song, D., and Feng, J., 2014, Structure, age, and tectonic development of the Huoshishan-Niujuanzi ophiolitic mélange, Beishan, southernmost Altaids. Gondwana Research, 25, 820–841.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Wang, G.Q., Xiangmin, L.I., Xueyi, X.U., Jiyuan, Y.U., and Peng, W.U., 2014, Ziron U-Pb chronological study of the Hongshishan ophiolite in the Beishan area and their tectonic significance. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 30, 1685–1694. (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  90. Wang, L., Yang, J., Wang, Y., Lei, Y., XIe, C., Cao, H., Yang, P., Qi, Y., and Gao, M., 2009, Geochronology and geochemistry of haergentoukoubu granites in the Beishan area, Gansu, China and their geological significance. Acta Geologica Sinica, 83, 377–387. (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  91. Wang, L., Yang, J., Xie, C., and Wang, Y., 2007, The discovery and geological significance of an early Paleozoic ophiolite mélange belt in the Huoshishan part of Beishan Mountain, Gansu Province. Geoscience, 21, 451–456. (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  92. Wei, Z., Huang, Z., Jin, X., Sun, Y., and Huo, J., 2004, Geological characteristics of ophiolite migmatitic complex of Hongshishan region, Gansu. Northwestern Geology, 37, 13–18. (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  93. Whalen, J.B., Currie, K.L., and Chappell, B.W., 1987, A-type granites geochemcial characteristics, discrimination and petrogenesis. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 95, 407–419.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Wilhem, C., Windley, B.F., and Stampfli, G.M., 2012, The Altaids of Central Asia: A tectonic and evolutionary innovative review. Earth-Science Reviews, 113, 303–341.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Windley, B.F., Alexeiev, D., Xiao, W.J., Kroner, A., and Badarch, G., 2007, Tectonic models for accretion of the Central Asian Orogenic Belt. Journal of the Geological Society of London, 164, 31–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Wu, F., Jahn, B.M., Wilde, S.A., Lo, C., Yui, T.F., Lin, Q., Ge, W., and Sun, D., 2003, Highly fractionated I-type granites in NE China (I): geochronology and petrogenesis. Lithos, 66, 241–273.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Xiao, W., Han, C., Liu, W., Wan, B., Zhang, J., Ao, S., Zhang, Z., Song, D., Tian, Z., and Luo, J., 2014, How many sutures in the southern Central Asian Orogenic Belt: Insights from East Xinjiang-West Gansu (NW China)? Geoscience Frontiers, 5, 525–536.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Xiao, W.J., Han, C.M., Yuan, C., Sun, M., Lin, S.F., Chen, H.L., Li, Z.L., Li, J.L., and Sun, S., 2007, Middle Cambrian to Permian subduction-related accretionary orogenesis of Northern Xinjiang, NW China: Implications for the tectonic evolution of central Asia. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 32, 102–117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. Xiao, W., Huang, B.C., Han, C.M., Sun, S., and Li, J.L., 2010a, A review of the western part of the Altaids: A key to understanding the architecture of accretionary orogens. Gondwana Research, 18, 253–273.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Xiao, W.J., Kusky, T., supercontinent Columbia, M., Zhang, Z.Y., Xiao, W.J., and Kusky, T., 2009, Geodynamic processes and metallogenesis of the Central Asian and related orogenic belts–Introduction. Gondwana Research, 16, 167–169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Xiao, W., Mao, Q.G., Windley, B.F., Han, C.M., Qu, J.F., Zhang, J.E., Ao, S.J., Guo, Q.Q., Cleven, N.R., Lin, S.F., Shan, Y.H., and Li, J.L., 2010b, Paleozoic multiple accretionary and collisional processes of the Beishan orogenic collage. American Journal of Science, 310, 1553–1594.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Xiao, W. and Santosh, M., 2014, The western Central Asian Orogenic Belt: A window to accretionary orogenesis and continental growth. Gondwana Research, 25, 1429–1444.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Xiao, W.J., Windley, B.F., Badarch, G., Sun, S., Li, J., Qin, K., and Wang, Z., 2004, Palaeozoic accretionary and convergent tectonics of the southern Altaids: implications for the growth of Central Asia. Journal of the Geological Society, 161, 339–342.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Xiao, W.J., Zhang, L.C., Qin, K.Z., Sun, S., and Li, J.L., 2004, Paleozoic accretionary and collisional tectonics of the Eastern Tianshan (China): Implications for the continental growth of Central Asia. American Journal of Science, 304, 370–395.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. Yang, Y., Fan, G.L., and Yao, G.J., 1997, Lithostratigraphy of Gansu Province. China University of Geosciences Press, Beijing, 314 p. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  106. Yang, H., Li, Y., Zhao, G., and Li, W., 2010, Character and structural attribute of the Beishan ophiolite. Northwestern Geology, 43, 26–36. (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  107. Yu, F., Li, J., and Wang, T., 2006, The U-Pb isotopic age of zircon from Hongliuhe ophiolites in east Tianshan mountains, northwest China. Acta Geoscientica Sinica, 27, 213–216. (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  108. Yu, J.H., Wang, L., O’Reilly, S.Y., Griffin, W.L., Zhang, M., Li, C., and Shu, L., 2009, A Paleoproterozoic orogeny recorded in a long-lived cratonic remnant (Wuyishan terrane), eastern Cathaysia Block, China. Precambrian Research, 174, 347–363.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. Zen, E., 1988, Phase relations of peraluminous granitic rocks and their petrogenetic implications. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 16, 21–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. Zhang, W., 2013, Late Paleozoic granitoids in Beishan-northern Alxa area (NW China) and their tectonic implications. Ph.D. Thesis, Peking University, Beijing, 200 p. (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  111. Zhang, W., Feng, J.C., Zheng, R.G., Wu, T.R., Luo, H.L., He, Y.K., and Jing, X., 2011, LA-ICP MS zircon U-Pb ages of the granites from the south of Yin’aoxia and their tectonic significances. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 27, 1649–1661. (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  112. Zhang, Y.Y. and Guo, Z.J., 2008, Accurate constraint on formation and emplacement age of Hongliuhe ophiolite, boundary region between Xinjiang and Gansu Provinces and its tectonic implications. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 24, 803–809. (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  113. Zhang, W., Pease, V., Meng, Q., Zheng, R., Thomsen, T.B., Wohlgemuth-Ueberwasser, C., and Wu, T., 2015, Timing, petrogenesis, and setting of granites from the southern Beishan late Palaeozoic granitic belt, Northwest China and implications for their tectonic evolution. International Geology Review, 57, 1975–1991.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. Zhang, W., Pease, V., Wu, T., Zheng, R., Feng, J., He, Y., Luo, H., and Xu, C., 2012, Discovery of an adakite-like pluton near Dongqiyishan (Beishan, NW China)–Its age and tectonic significance. Lithos, 142–143, 148–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Zhang, W., Wu, T.R., Feng, J.C., Zheng, R.G., and He, Y.K., 2013, Time constraints for the closing of the Paleo-Asian Ocean in the Northern Alxa Region: Evidence from Wuliji granites. Science China Earth Sciences, 56, 153–164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. Zhang, W., Wu, T., He, Y., Feng, J., and Zheng, R., 2010, LA-ICP-MS zircon U-Pb ages of Xijianquanzi alkali-rich potassium-high granites in Beishan, Gansu Province, and their tectonic significance. Acta petrologica et mineralogica, 29, 719–731. (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  117. Zhang, W., Wu, T., Zheng, R., Feng, J., Luo, H., He, Y., and Xu, C., 2012, Post-collisional Southeastern Beishan granites: Geochemistry, geochronology, Sr-Nd-Hf isotopes and their implications for tectonic evolution. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 58, 51–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. Zhang, W., Pease, V., Meng, Q., Zheng, R., and Wu, T., 2017, Recognition of a Devonian–early Mississippian plutonic belt in the eastern Beishan area, Northwest China, and its tectonic implications. Geological Journal. https://doi.org/10.1002/gj.2928.Google Scholar
  119. Zhao, Z.H., Guo, Z.J., Han, B.F., Wang, Y., and Liu, C., 2006, Comparative study on Permian basalts from eastern Xinjiang-Beishan area of Gansu Province and its tectonic implications. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 22, 1279–1293. (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  120. Zheng, R., Wu, T., Zhang, W., Xu, C., and Meng, Q., 2013a, Early Devonian tectono-magmatic events in the Middle Beishan, Gansu Province: evidence from chronology and geochemistry of Gongpoquan Granite. Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis, 48, 603–616. (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  121. Zheng, R., Wu, T., Zhang, W., Xu, C., and Meng, Q., 2013b, Late Paleozoic subduction system in the southern Central Asian Orogenic Belt: Evidences from geochronology and geochemistry of the Xiaohuangshan ophiolite in the Beishan orogenic belt. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 62, 463–475.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. Zuo, G.C. and He, G.Q., 1990, Plate tectonics and metallogenic regularities in Beishan region. Peking University Press, Beijing, 226 p. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  123. Zuo, G.C., Liu, Y.K., and Liu, C.Y., 2003, Framework and evolution of the tectonic structure in Beishan area across Gansu province, Xinjiang autonomous region and Innermongolia autonomous region. Acta Geologica Gansu, 12, 1–15.Google Scholar
  124. Zuo, G., Zhang, S., He, G., and Zhang, Y., 1991, Plate tectonic characteristics during the early paleozoic in Beishan near the Sino-Mongolian border region, China. Tectonophysics, 188, 385–392.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Association of Korean Geoscience Societies and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wen Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Victoria Pease
    • 2
  • Qingpeng Meng
    • 3
  • Rongguo Zheng
    • 1
  • Tairan Wu
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute of GeologyChinese Academy of Geological SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Department of Geological SciencesStockholm UniversityStockholmSweden
  3. 3.Laboratory of Orogenic Belts and Crustal Evolution, Ministry of Education, School of Earth and Space SciencesPeking UniversityBeijingChina
  4. 4.Laboratory of Orogenic Belts and Crustal Evolution, Ministry of Education, School of Earth and Space SciencesPeking UniversityBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations