Advertisement

Geosciences Journal

, Volume 20, Issue 6, pp 851–863 | Cite as

High spatial resolution trace element determination of geological samples by laser ablation quadrupole plasma mass spectrometry: implications for glass analysis in volcanic products

  • Maurizio Petrelli
  • Kathrin Laeger
  • Diego Perugini
Article

Abstract

Increasing the spatial resolution of Laser Ablation Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) is a challenge in microanalysis of geological samples. Smaller sizes for the laser beam will allow for (1) high resolution determination of trace element compositions, (2) accurate estimation of crystal/melt partition coefficients, (3) detailed characterization of diffusion profiles, and (4) analysis of fine volcanic glasses. Here, we report about the figures of merit for LA-ICP Quadrupole MS down to a spatial resolution of 5 μm. This study highlights the possibility to achieve suitable limits of detection, accuracy and precision for geological samples even at spatial resolutions of the order of 5 μm. At a beam size of 15 μm, precision (measured as one sigma) and accuracy (expressed as relative deviation from the reference value) are of the order of 10%. At a smaller beam size of 8 um, precision decreases to 15% for concentration above 1.7 μg g–1. As the beam size is decreased to ∼5 μm, precision declines to about 15% and 20% for concentrations above 10 μg g–1 using 42Ca and 29Si as internal standard, respectively. Accuracy is better or equal to 10% and 13% at beam sizes of 15 and 10 μm, respectively. When the spatial resolution is increased to 8 μm, accuracy remains better than 15% and 20% for 42Ca and 29Si as internal standard, respectively. We employed such high-resolution techniques to volcanic glasses in ash particles of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption. Our results are well consistent with the previously reported data obtained at lower spatial resolution, supporting the reliability of the method.

Key words

LA-ICP-MS high spatial resolution trace element determination 5 micron volcanic glasses 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alagna, K.E., Petrelli, M., Perugini, D., and Poli, G., 2008, Microanalytical zircon and monazite U-Pb isotope dating by laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-quadrupole mass spectrometry. Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research, 32, 103–120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Becker, J.S. and Dietze, H.J., 1999, Determination of trace elements in geological samples by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Fresenius’ Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 365, 429–434.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bonta, M., Limbeck, A., Quarles Jr., C.D., Oropeza, D., Russo, R.E., and Gonzalez, J.J., 2015, A metric for evaluation of the image quality of chemical maps derived from LA-ICP-MS experiments. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 30, 1809–1815.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Borisova, A.Y., Toutain, J.P., Stefansson, A., Gouy S., and de Parseval, P., 2012, Processes controlling the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull explosive eruption. Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, B05202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Durrant, S.F., 1999, Laser ablation inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry: achievements, problems, prospects. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 14, 1385–1403.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Eggins, S.M., Kinsley, L.P.J., and Shelley, J.M.G., 1998, Deposition and element fractionation processes during atmospheric pressure laser sampling for analysis by ICP-MS. Applied Surface Science, 127–129, 278–286.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Ferrando, S., Frezzotti, M.L., Petrelli, M., and Compagnoni, R., 2009, Metasomatism of continental crust during subduction: the UHP whiteschists from the Southern Dora-Maira Massif (Italian Western Alps). Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 27, 739–756.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Fryer, B.J., Jackson, S.R., and Longerich, H.P., 1995, The design, operation and role of the laser ablation microprobe coupled with an inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometer (LAM-ICPMS) in the earth sciences. Canadian Mineralogist, 33, 303–312.Google Scholar
  9. Gaboardi, M. and Humayun, M., 2009, Elemental fractionation during LA-ICP-MS analysis of silicate glasses: implications for matrixindependent standardization. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 24, 1188–1197.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gray, A.L., 1985, Solid Sample introduction by laser ablation for inductively coupled plasma source mass spectrometry. Analyst, 110, 551–556.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Günther, D., Longerich, H.P., Jackson, S.E., and Forsythe, L., 1996, Effect of sampler orifice diameter on dry plasma inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) backgrounds, sensitivities, and limits of detection using laser ablation sample introduction. Fresenius’ Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 355, 771–773.Google Scholar
  12. Günther, D., Audétat, A., Frischknecht, A., and Heinrich, C.A., 1998, Quantitative analysis of major, minor, and trace elements in fluid inclusions using laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 13, 263–270.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Günther, D. and Heinrich, C.A., 1999, Enhanced sensitivity in laser ablation-ICP mass spectrometry using helium-argon mixtures as aerosol carrier. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 14, 1363–1368.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Günther, D., Jackson, S.E., and Longerich, H.P., 1999, Laser ablation and ark/spark solid sample introduction into inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometers. Spectrochimica Acta Part B, 54, 381–409.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Günther, D., 2001, Elemental fractionation in LA-ICP-MS. In: Sylvester, P. (ed.), Laser ablation ICP-MS in Earth sciences: Principles and applications. Mineralogical Associations of Canada Short Course Series, 29, p. 243.Google Scholar
  16. Günther, D., Hattendorf, B., and Audétat, A., 2001, Multi-element analysis of melt and fluid inclusions with improved detection capabilities for Ca and Fe using laser ablation with a dynamic reaction cell ICP-MS. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 16, 1085–1090.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Günther, D. and Koch, J., 2008, Formation of aerosols generated by laser ablation and their impact on elemental fractionation in LAICP-MS. Mineralogical Association of Canada Short Course Series, 40, 19–34.Google Scholar
  18. Guillong, M. and Günther, D., 2002, Effect on particle size distribution in ICP-induced elemental fractionation in laser ablation inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 17, 831–837.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Halter, W.E., Pettke, T., and Heinrich, C.A., 2002, The origin of Cu/Au ratios in porphyry-type ore deposits. Science, 7, 1844–1846.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Horn, I., Rudnick, R.L., and McDonough, W.F., 2000, Precise elemental and isotope ratio determination by simultaneous solution nebulization and laser ablation ICP-MS: Application to U-Pb geochronology. Chemical Geology, 167, 405–425.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hu, Z., Gao, S., Liu, Y., Hu, S., Chen, H., and Yuan, H., 2008, Signal enhancement in laser ablation ICP-MS by addition of nitrogen in the central channel gas. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 23, 1093–1101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Jeffries, T.E., Perkins, W.T., and Pearce, N.J.G., 1995, Comparisons of infrared and ultraviolet laser probe microanalysis inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry in mineral analysis. Analyst, 120, 1365–1371.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Jeffries, T.E., Jackson, S.E., and Longerich, H.P., 1998, Application of a frequency quintupled Nd:YAG (? = 213 nm) for laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometric analysis of minerals. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 13, 935–940.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Jenner, G.A., Foley, S.F., Jackson, S.E., Green, T.H., Fryer, B.J., and Longerich, H.P., 1993, Determination of partition coefficients for trace elements in high pressure-temperature experimental run products by laser ablation microprobe–inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LAM-ICP-MS). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 58, 5099–5104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Kil, Y., 2011, In-situ determination of trace elements in clinopyroxene from mantle rocks by LA-ICP-MS: Comparison of different external standard. Journal of analytical chemistry, 66, 496–503.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Kil, Y., Shin, H-S., Oh, H-Y., Kim, J-S., Choi, M-S., Shin, H-J., and Park, C-S., 2011, In-situ trace element analysis of clinopyroxene on thin section by using LA-ICP-MS. Geosciences Journal, 15, 177–183.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Kil, Y. and Jung, H., 2015, LA-ICP-MS analysis of natural rock samples using XRF glass beads. Geosciences Journal, 19, 45–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Kimura, J.I., Chang, Q., Itano, K., Iizuka, T., Vaglarova, S., and Tani, K., 2015, An improved U-Pb age dating method for zircon and monazite using 200/266 nm femtosecond laser ablation and enhanced sensitivity multiple-Faraday collector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 30, 494–505.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Košler, J., Fonneland, H., Sylvester, P.J., Tubrett, M., and Pedersen, R.B., 2002, U-Pb dating of detrital zircons for sediment provenance studies-a comparison of laser ablation ICPMS and SIMS technique. Chemical Geology, 182, 605–618.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Latkoczy, C. and Günther, D., 2002, Enhanced sensitivity in inductively coupled plasma sector field mass spectrometry for direct solid analysis using laser ablation (LA-ICP-SFMS). Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 17, 1264–1270.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Li, C., Zhang, R., Ding, X., Ling, M., Fan, W., and Sun, W., 2016, Dating cassiterite using laser ablation ICP-MS. Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 313–322.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Longerich, H.P., Jackson, S.E., and Günther, D., 1996, Laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometric transient signal data acquisition and analyte concentration calculation. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 11, 899–904.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Müller, W., Shelley, M., Miller, P., and Broude, S., 2009, Initial performance metrics of a new custom-designed ArF excimer LAICPMS system coupled to a two-volume laser-ablation cell. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 24, 209–214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Norman, M.D., Pearson, N.J., Sharma, A., and Griffin, W.L., 1996, Quantitative analysis of trace elements in geological materials by Laser Ablation ICP-MS: instrumental operating conditions and calibration values of NIST glasses. Geostandards Newsletter, 20, 247–261.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Norman, M.D., Griffin, W.L., Pearson, N.J., Garcia, M.O., and O’reilly, S.Y., 1998, Quantitative analysis of trace elements abundances in glasses and minerals: a comparison of laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, solution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, proton microprobe and electron microprobe data. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 13, 477–482.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Paquette, J.L. and Tiepolo, M., 2007, High resolution (5 µm) U-Th-Pb isotopes dating of monazite with excimer laser ablation (ELA)-ICPMS. Chemical Geology, 240, 222–237.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Pearce, N.J.G., Perkins, W.T., Westgate, J.A., and Wade, S.C., 2011, Trace-element microanalysis by LA-ICP-MS: the quest for comprehensive chemical characterisation of single, sub-10 µm volcanic glass. Quaternary International, 246, 57–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Perkins, W.T. and Pearce, N.J.G., 1995, Mineral microanalysis by laserprobe inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. In: Potts, P.J., Bowles, J.F.W., Reed, S.J.B., and Cave, M.R. (eds.), Microprobe Techniques in the Earth Sciences. The Mineralogical Society Series, 6, London, p. 291–325.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Petrelli, M., Caricchi, L., and Ulmer, P., 2007, Application of high spatial resolution laser ablation ICP-MS to crystal-melt trace element partition coefficient determination. Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research, 31, 13–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Petrelli, M., Perugini, D., Alagna, K.E., Poli, G., and Peccerillo, A., 2008, Spatially resolved and bulk trace element analysis by laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (LA-ICPMS). Periodico di Mineralogia, 77, 3–21.Google Scholar
  41. Petrelli, M., Morgavi, D., Vetere F.P., and Perugini D., 2016, Elemental imaging and petro-volcanological applications of an improved laser ablation inductively coupled quadrupole plasma mass spectrometry. Periodico di Mineralogia. doi: 10.2451/2015PM0465Google Scholar
  42. Pozebon, D., Scheffler, G.L., Dressler, V.L., and Nunes, M.A.G., 2014, Review of the applications of laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) to the analysis of biological samples. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 29, 2204–2228.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Sigmarsson, O., Vlastelic, I., Andreasen, R., Bindemann, I., Devidal, J.L., Moune, S., Keiding, J.K., Höskuldsson, A., and Thordarason, T., 2011, Remobilization of silicic intrusion by mafic magmas during the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption. Solid Earth, 2, 271–281.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Sun, S.S. and McDonough, W.F., 1989, Chemical isotopic systematics of oceanic basalts; implications for mantle composition and processes. Geological Society of London, Special Publications, 42, 313–345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Sylvester, P., 2001, Laser Ablation ICP-MS in the Earth Sciences: Principles and applications. Mineralogical Association of Canada Short Course Series, 29, p. 243.Google Scholar
  46. Sylvester, P., 2008, Laser Ablation ICP-MS in the Earth Sciences: Current Practices and Outstanding Issues. Mineralogical Association of Canada Short Course Series, 40, p. 356.Google Scholar
  47. Taylor, R.P., Jackson, S.E., Longerich, H.P., and Webster, J.D., 1997, In situ trace element analysis of individual silicate melt inclusions by laser ablation microprobe inductively coupled plasma–mass spectrometry (LAM-ICP-MS). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 61, 2559–2567.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Tiepolo, M., 2003, In situ Pb geochronology of zircon with laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-sector field mass spectrometry. Chemical Geology, 199, 159–177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Tiepolo, M., Bottazzi, P., Palenzona, M., and Vannucci, R., 2003, A laser probe couplet with ICP-double focusing sector-field mass spectrometer for in situ analysis of geological samples and U-Pb dating of zircon. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41, 259–272.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Wilson, S.A., 1997, The collection, preparation, and testing of USGS reference material BCR-2, 557 Columbia River, Basalt. United States Geological Survey, Open-File Report, 98 p.Google Scholar
  51. Woodhead, J., Hergt, J., Shelley, M., Eggins, S., and Kemp, R., 2004, Zircon Hf-isotope analysis with an excimer laser, depth profiling, ablation of complex geometries, and concomitant age estimation. Chemical Geology, 209, 121–135.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Xiaoxia, D. and Regelous, M., 2014, Rapid determination of 26 elements in iron meteorites using matrix removal and membrane desolvating quadrupole ICP-MS. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 29, 2379–2387.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Association of Korean Geoscience Societies and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maurizio Petrelli
    • 1
  • Kathrin Laeger
    • 1
  • Diego Perugini
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physics and GeologyUniversity of PerugiaPerugiaItaly

Personalised recommendations