New fossil remains of family Cervidae from the Dhok Pathan Formation (Middle Siwaliks) of Pakistan

Abstract

Five mandibular fragments from the Early Pliocene of Dhok Pathan and Hasnot (Middle Siwaliks) are described and discussed. Detailed comparison of the studied material with already known and described species of family Cervidae from the Siwaliks allow us to refer this material to genus Rucervus and species Rucervus cf. simplicidens. The material described here also extends the stratigraphic range of this genus from Upper Siwaliks to Middle Siwaliks. The fossil material described from the Early Pliocene, is thus important to indicate the older stratigraphic range as described earlier from the Siwalik continental deposits.

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Correspondence to Abdul Ghaffar.

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Ghaffar, A., Akhtar, M., Khan, M.A. et al. New fossil remains of family Cervidae from the Dhok Pathan Formation (Middle Siwaliks) of Pakistan. Geosci J 19, 631–639 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12303-015-0001-x

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Key words

  • mandibular fragments
  • Rucervus cf. simplicidens
  • Early Pliocene
  • stratigraphic range and Siwaliks